历史上最早的劳动号子

历史上最早的劳动号子
2009-09-16  匿名提问 发布
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    吃麦片的兔子

    在远古时代,人们在与大自然进行搏斗和各种集体劳动中发出的呼喊声,为劳动收获而愉快地敲击石块、木棒,以及手舞足蹈发出的欢呼声和歌唱声,逐渐形成了最早的民歌。刘安在《淮南子·道应训》中写道:“今夫举大木者,前呼‘邪许’,后亦应之。此举重劝力之歌也。”鲁迅在《门外文谈》中写道:“我们祖先的原始人,原是连话也不会说的,为了共同劳作,必需发表意见,才渐渐地练出复杂的声音来。假如那时大家抬木头,都觉得吃力,却想不到发表,其中有一个叫道‘杭育杭育’,那么,这就是创作;大家也要佩服,应用的,这就等于出版;徜若用什么记号留存了下来,这就是文学;他当然就是作家,也是文学家,是‘杭育杭育派’。”

     以上论述中的“邪许”和“杭育杭育”虽可能还只是一种呼号,但它是集体劳动为协调动作、减轻劳累而发出的节奏、有音调的声音,这就是最早的民歌——劳动号子的雏型。

     由此可见,民歌产生于人民的劳动实践和社会生活。人们在劳动和斗争实践中所产生的思想感情就是民歌音乐所表现的主要内容,劳动生活实践的需要就是民歌音乐产生的重要原则,而劳动条件又为民歌音乐规定了具体的形式特征。


    号子也称劳动号子、哨子,是一种伴随着劳动而歌唱的民间歌曲,流传于中国各地。
    号子是在集体劳动中协同使劲时,为统一步调,减轻疲劳等所唱的歌。多由一人领唱,众人应和。
    劳动号子从大的方面分,主要有搬运号子、工程号子、农活号子、渔船号子和作坊号子五大类。
    山西的号子主要有两大类:一类是夯硪号子,亦即“打夯号子”和“打硪号子”;一类是黄河船工们唱的船工号子,根据不同情况的劳动,分为“拨船号子”、“行船号子”、“拉篷号子”、“爬山虎号子”、“推船号子”等。以上各种号子都是采取一领众和的形式。大都无固定唱词,唱词都是在劳动进行中领号人见景生情,随时即兴编出的。
     甘肃的号子有劳动号子、花号子和山歌号子三种。甘肃陇南和陇东的劳动号子,词曲佳妙,风格独特。花号子,是甘肃陇南两当的一种民歌,曲调有“唢呐号子”、“鸡公号子”、“乌鸦号子”等,曲式结构变化很多,节奏多种多样,唱词中多用衬词,加入摹拟乐器或鸟鸣的种种声响,使音乐色彩更加丰富。多在当地婚丧礼仪和喜庆等场合演唱,是甘肃民歌中的一支奇葩。山歌号子,是流行在陇南一带的一种以号子曲调套用民歌歌词演唱的民歌。独特的组合形式产生了独特的声响效果。由于演唱和劳动无直接关系,加之曲调音域窄,但音区较高,演唱很有激情。演唱形式有领唱、对唱、齐唱。曲目有“久不唱歌忘了歌”、“唱个莲花对牡丹”、“十二月”、“老号子”、“晒兰花”等。
     青海沿黄河岸边有船头号子、放木号子,林区有伐木号子,农区有打夯号子、打墙号子、打连枷号子等。
     民间歌曲中,劳动号子占有重要的地位,可以说,劳动号子是民歌音调的最早的根源和基础。号子是劳动人民伟大力量的一种艺术形式表现。
     号子的歌唱方式,主要是"领、合"式,即一人领,众人合;或者众人领,众人合。在节奏较缓的劳动中,"领"句较长,"合"句稍短。而在较为紧张的劳动个,领句、合句都卜分短促。另外,多数情况下,领句唱完之后,合句再接唱,但也有合句在领句结束以前就进入的,两个声部由此构成重叠状态。
     总之,各种劳动号子作为民歌的一个主要体裁,早在原始时代人们开始从事集体劳动时就已产生,而直到现代社会某种机器取代某种集体劳动才逐渐消失。数千年来,它伴随着劳动大众在与自然的搏斗中发挥了巨大的社会功能,创造了人类战胜自然的一个又一个奇迹。同时,号子又是人与自然和劳动相结合又相碰撞而产生的最早的精神、艺术之花。因此,它具有永恒的历史文化价值。

    您要说代表作:孙瑜、聂耳的《大路歌》应该是号子的代表作了,其他公开发表的还有一首《筑路歌》,是现代部队作家的作品。

    2009-09-16 | 添加评论 | 打赏

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    In ancient times, people to wrestle with nature and the various collective labor issued by the cries for the working harvest and happily hammering stones, sticks, and dancing issued by the cheers and singing voice, and gradually formed the earliest folk songs. Liu in the "Huai Nan Zi Road should be training," he wrote: "This year's wooden-fu move, ex-call 'evil Xu', the latter should be of. This power of the songs re-advised." Lu Xun in "outside-Wen Tan "wrote:" Our primitive ancestors, even if not originally said, in order to co-craft-work, necessary to express their views before gradually training complex of the voice. If the time, we carry wood, they still have difficulty but can not think of published one of them called out 'Hang Yu Hang Yu', then this is the creation; you have to admire, the application would be tantamount to publishing; walk back and forth, if what marks retained down, this is literature; he of course, is a writer and man of letters, is 'Hang Yu Hang Yu-faction'. "



      The above discussion of the "evil Hui" and "Hang Yu Hang Yu," though may also be just a call sign, but it is working for the coordination of collective action, to reduce the rhythm of issued tired, there are tones of voice, this is the earliest folk songs -- - Labor's chant of the prototype.



      Thus, folk songs produced in the people's labor practices and social life. People in the labor and struggle of thoughts and feelings arising from the practice of folk music that is displayed by the main contents of working life needs of practice is an important principle in music folk songs, while the working conditions they provided for the folk music in the form of specific characteristics.





    Chant, also known as labor's chant, whistle, is a labor accompanied by singing folk songs, spread in various parts of China.

    Chant is the synergy of collective labor, when energetically, to standardize the pace, reducing fatigue, and so sang. More than one person singing, and.

    Number of labor aspects of the child from the big points, mainly handling chant, engineering, chant, chant farming, fishing boats, chant, and workshops chant five categories.

    Shanxi Province, No. There are two major sub-categories: one category is rammed Ŧ chant, which means "Ramming chant" and the "fight Ŧ chant"; one is the Yellow River boatmen were singing boatmen's chant, according to different circumstances labor, divided into "sub-allocation of the vessel," "sailing chant," "pull tent chant", "ivy's chant," "push boat's chant" and so on. Son of the above numbers are taken public and in the form of a collar. Most of no fixed operas, song lyrics were carried out in the lead in the labor numbers of people see King hygiene conditions at any time compiled out of improvisation.

      Gansu's chant of the labor chant, flowers chant and chant three kinds of folk songs. Southern Gansu, and eastern Gansu labor chant and songs Jia Miao, unique style. No. flower child, is when the two of Gansu as a folk melody of "suona chant," "Cock's chant," "crow's chant," and so on, a lot of structural changes in musical form, rhythm and varied, song lyrics in the multi-purpose lining the word by adding imitate various musical instruments or the sound of birds make music, colors richer. More in the local rituals and festivals and other occasions, weddings, funerals, concerts, folk music is in a wonderful work in Gansu. Folk songs chant, is a kind of popular in Longnan area in order to chant melody to apply folk singing folk songs lyrics. A unique combination produces a unique sound effects. As the singing and not directly related to labor, combined with narrow-range melody, but the high sound area, singing is very passionate. Concerts in the form of singing, duet, and sang. Tracks have "eventually becoming forgot to sing song", "sing a lotus flower right Peony," "December" and "old chant," "sun orchid" and so on.

      Close to the coast along the Yellow River in Qinghai bow, chant, put wood chant, chant forest with logging, agricultural district ramming chant, playing wall chant, chant, etc. play flail.

      Folk songs, labor chant occupies an important position, can be said that child labor numbers are the root causes of the earliest folk tone and foundation. Chant is the great strength of the working people as a form of art expression.

      Chant singing way, mainly "collar, together" type, that is, one collar, crowd together; or collar crowd, crowd together. In the more moderate pace of labor, the "collar" longer sentences, "together" sentences shorter. In the tight labor months, lead sentence, together sentences are short-Bu points. In addition, in most cases, the lead sentence over and over, the combined sentence, draw a line to sing, but there are also co-collar sentence in the sentence before the end of the entry, the two voices, which constitutes the overlap condition.

      In short, all kinds of labor chant as one of the major genres of folk songs, as early as in primitive times, when people began to engage in collective labor had been produced, but until some sort of modern society, some sort of collective labor to replace the machine before gradually disappearing. For thousands of years, it is accompanied by the workforce in the struggle with nature has played a great social function, the creation of the human over nature one miracle after another. Meanwhile, the number of man and the child is a combination of natural and labor, resulting from collisions also compared the spirit of the earliest art of the flower. Therefore, it has eternal value of history and culture.



    You say representative: Sun Yu, Nie Er's "road song" should be the chant of the representative of the other published there is a "road song" is a modern military writers.在远古时代,人们在与大自然进行搏斗和各种集体劳动中发出的呼喊声,为劳动收获而愉快地敲击石块、木棒,以及手舞足蹈发出的欢呼声和歌唱声,逐渐形成了最早的民歌。刘安在《淮南子·道应训》中写道:“今夫举大木者,前呼‘邪许’,后亦应之。此举重劝力之歌也。”鲁迅在《门外文谈》中写道:“我们祖先的原始人,原是连话也不会说的,为了共同劳作,必需发表意见,才渐渐地练出复杂的声音来。假如那时大家抬木头,都觉得吃力,却想不到发表,其中有一个叫道‘杭育杭育’,那么,这就是创作;大家也要佩服,应用的,这就等于出版;徜若用什么记号留存了下来,这就是文学;他当然就是作家,也是文学家,是‘杭育杭育派’。”

    以上论述中的“邪许”和“杭育杭育”虽可能还只是一种呼号,但它是集体劳动为协调动作、减轻劳累而发出的节奏、有音调的声音,这就是最早的民歌——劳动号子的雏型。

    由此可见,民歌产生于人民的劳动实践和社会生活。人们在劳动和斗争实践中所产生的思想感情就是民歌音乐所表现的主要内容,劳动生活实践的需要就是民歌音乐产生的重要原则,而劳动条件又为民歌音乐规定了具体的形式特征。


    号子也称劳动号子、哨子,是一种伴随着劳动而歌唱的民间歌曲,流传于中国各地。
    号子是在集体劳动中协同使劲时,为统一步调,减轻疲劳等所唱的歌。多由一人领唱,众人应和。
    劳动号子从大的方面分,主要有搬运号子、工程号子、农活号子、渔船号子和作坊号子五大类。
    山西的号子主要有两大类:一类是夯硪号子,亦即“打夯号子”和“打硪号子”;一类是黄河船工们唱的船工号子,根据不同情况的劳动,分为“拨船号子”、“行船号子”、“拉篷号子”、“爬山虎号子”、“推船号子”等。以上各种号子都是采取一领众和的形式。大都无固定唱词,唱词都是在劳动进行中领号人见景生情,随时即兴编出的。
    甘肃的号子有劳动号子、花号子和山歌号子三种。甘肃陇南和陇东的劳动号子,词曲佳妙,风格独特。花号子,是甘肃陇南两当的一种民歌,曲调有“唢呐号子”、“鸡公号子”、“乌鸦号子”等,曲式结构变化很多,节奏多种多样,唱词中多用衬词,加入摹拟乐器或鸟鸣的种种声响,使音乐色彩更加丰富。多在当地婚丧礼仪和喜庆等场合演唱,是甘肃民歌中的一支奇葩。山歌号子,是流行在陇南一带的一种以号子曲调套用民歌歌词演唱的民歌。独特的组合形式产生了独特的声响效果。由于演唱和劳动无直接关系,加之曲调音域窄,但音区较高,演唱很有激情。演唱形式有领唱、对唱、齐唱。曲目有“久不唱歌忘了歌”、“唱个莲花对牡丹”、“十二月”、“老号子”、“晒兰花”等。
    青海沿黄河岸边有船头号子、放木号子,林区有伐木号子,农区有打夯号子、打墙号子、打连枷号子等。
    民间歌曲中,劳动号子占有重要的地位,可以说,劳动号子是民歌音调的最早的根源和基础。号子是劳动人民伟大力量的一种艺术形式表现。
    号子的歌唱方式,主要是"领、合"式,即一人领,众人合;或者众人领,众人合。在节奏较缓的劳动中,"领"句较长,"合"句稍短。而在较为紧张的劳动个,领句、合句都卜分短促。另外,多数情况下,领句唱完之后,合句再接唱,但也有合句在领句结束以前就进入的,两个声部由此构成重叠状态。
    总之,各种劳动号子作为民歌的一个主要体裁,早在原始时代人们开始从事集体劳动时就已产生,而直到现代社会某种机器取代某种集体劳动才逐渐消失。数千年来,它伴随着劳动大众在与自然的搏斗中发挥了巨大的社会功能,创造了人类战胜自然的一个又一个奇迹。同时,号子又是人与自然和劳动相结合又相碰撞而产生的最早的精神、艺术之花。因此,它具有永恒的历史文化价值。

    您要说代表作:孙瑜、聂耳的《大路歌》应该是号子的代表作了,其他公开发表的还有一首《筑路歌》,是现代部队作家的作品。

    2009-10-13 | 添加评论 | 打赏

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