In ancient times, people to wrestle with nature and the various collective labor issued by the cries for the working harvest and happily hammering stones, sticks, and dancing issued by the cheers and singing voice, and gradually formed the earliest folk songs. Liu in the "Huai Nan Zi Road should be training," he wrote: "This year's wooden-fu move, ex-call 'evil Xu', the latter should be of. This power of the songs re-advised." Lu Xun in "outside-Wen Tan "wrote:" Our primitive ancestors, even if not originally said, in order to co-craft-work, necessary to express their views before gradually training complex of the voice. If the time, we carry wood, they still have difficulty but can not think of published one of them called out 'Hang Yu Hang Yu', then this is the creation; you have to admire, the application would be tantamount to publishing; walk back and forth, if what marks retained down, this is literature; he of course, is a writer and man of letters, is 'Hang Yu Hang Yu-faction'. "
The above discussion of the "evil Hui" and "Hang Yu Hang Yu," though may also be just a call sign, but it is working for the coordination of collective action, to reduce the rhythm of issued tired, there are tones of voice, this is the earliest folk songs -- - Labor's chant of the prototype.
Thus, folk songs produced in the people's labor practices and social life. People in the labor and struggle of thoughts and feelings arising from the practice of folk music that is displayed by the main contents of working life needs of practice is an important principle in music folk songs, while the working conditions they provided for the folk music in the form of specific characteristics.
Chant, also known as labor's chant, whistle, is a labor accompanied by singing folk songs, spread in various parts of China.
Chant is the synergy of collective labor, when energetically, to standardize the pace, reducing fatigue, and so sang. More than one person singing, and.
Number of labor aspects of the child from the big points, mainly handling chant, engineering, chant, chant farming, fishing boats, chant, and workshops chant five categories.
Shanxi Province, No. There are two major sub-categories: one category is rammed Ŧ chant, which means "Ramming chant" and the "fight Ŧ chant"; one is the Yellow River boatmen were singing boatmen's chant, according to different circumstances labor, divided into "sub-allocation of the vessel," "sailing chant," "pull tent chant", "ivy's chant," "push boat's chant" and so on. Son of the above numbers are taken public and in the form of a collar. Most of no fixed operas, song lyrics were carried out in the lead in the labor numbers of people see King hygiene conditions at any time compiled out of improvisation.
Gansu's chant of the labor chant, flowers chant and chant three kinds of folk songs. Southern Gansu, and eastern Gansu labor chant and songs Jia Miao, unique style. No. flower child, is when the two of Gansu as a folk melody of "suona chant," "Cock's chant," "crow's chant," and so on, a lot of structural changes in musical form, rhythm and varied, song lyrics in the multi-purpose lining the word by adding imitate various musical instruments or the sound of birds make music, colors richer. More in the local rituals and festivals and other occasions, weddings, funerals, concerts, folk music is in a wonderful work in Gansu. Folk songs chant, is a kind of popular in Longnan area in order to chant melody to apply folk singing folk songs lyrics. A unique combination produces a unique sound effects. As the singing and not directly related to labor, combined with narrow-range melody, but the high sound area, singing is very passionate. Concerts in the form of singing, duet, and sang. Tracks have "eventually becoming forgot to sing song", "sing a lotus flower right Peony," "December" and "old chant," "sun orchid" and so on.
Close to the coast along the Yellow River in Qinghai bow, chant, put wood chant, chant forest with logging, agricultural district ramming chant, playing wall chant, chant, etc. play flail.
Folk songs, labor chant occupies an important position, can be said that child labor numbers are the root causes of the earliest folk tone and foundation. Chant is the great strength of the working people as a form of art expression.
Chant singing way, mainly "collar, together" type, that is, one collar, crowd together; or collar crowd, crowd together. In the more moderate pace of labor, the "collar" longer sentences, "together" sentences shorter. In the tight labor months, lead sentence, together sentences are short-Bu points. In addition, in most cases, the lead sentence over and over, the combined sentence, draw a line to sing, but there are also co-collar sentence in the sentence before the end of the entry, the two voices, which constitutes the overlap condition.
In short, all kinds of labor chant as one of the major genres of folk songs, as early as in primitive times, when people began to engage in collective labor had been produced, but until some sort of modern society, some sort of collective labor to replace the machine before gradually disappearing. For thousands of years, it is accompanied by the workforce in the struggle with nature has played a great social function, the creation of the human over nature one miracle after another. Meanwhile, the number of man and the child is a combination of natural and labor, resulting from collisions also compared the spirit of the earliest art of the flower. Therefore, it has eternal value of history and culture.
You say representative: Sun Yu, Nie Er's "road song" should be the chant of the representative of the other published there is a "road song" is a modern military writers.在远古时代，人们在与大自然进行搏斗和各种集体劳动中发出的呼喊声，为劳动收获而愉快地敲击石块、木棒，以及手舞足蹈发出的欢呼声和歌唱声，逐渐形成了最早的民歌。刘安在《淮南子·道应训》中写道：“今夫举大木者，前呼‘邪许’，后亦应之。此举重劝力之歌也。”鲁迅在《门外文谈》中写道：“我们祖先的原始人，原是连话也不会说的，为了共同劳作，必需发表意见，才渐渐地练出复杂的声音来。假如那时大家抬木头，都觉得吃力，却想不到发表，其中有一个叫道‘杭育杭育’，那么，这就是创作；大家也要佩服，应用的，这就等于出版；徜若用什么记号留存了下来，这就是文学；他当然就是作家，也是文学家，是‘杭育杭育派’。”