请问古代长江名称的演变?

古代长江名称的演变
09-08-03  匿名提问 发布
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  • 0

    小叮铛小哆啦

    就其源流而言,在古代,"河"是黄河的专称,"江"是长江的专称,后来才演变为河流的通称.变成通称之后,北方只用"河",北方的"什么什么江"一定是很晚才有的(汉语)名字.所以北方的河有大有小.南方用"江"兼用"河",所以南方的大河流叫"江",小河流叫"河".对于南方而言,"河"是外来词.这说明中国南方的吴越楚文化受了北方中原的夏文化的极大影响.据历史比较语言学家的研究,"江"字跟南亚语有关,可能是南亚语的底层,意思是,古代中国南方人是说南亚语的(国内的佤语,国外的柬埔寨语就属于南亚语),后来被说汉语的人同化了,但是保留了原来语言的一些成分,就叫底层.这个观点许多人接受了。 在古代“河”指的只是黄河,“江”指的只是长江,其他的就叫“水”,像汉水、渭水、洛水等等。后来由于黄河水含泥沙多呈黄色就叫“黄河”,而长江因为是我国最长的河流就叫“长江”,江和河就成了河流的统称。字典对江的解释是大河,不过从分布上看中部的河流好像都叫河,像淮河、渭河、海河等等,而叫江的最要分布在长江以南和东北,像钱塘江、珠江、松花江、黑龙江等等,当然也不绝对。江……较大的河,如长江、黑龙江、松花江等。河……通指一般的水道,其定义为“在重力作用下,经常或间歇地沿着线形伸展的凹地流动的天然水体”。通常可分为河源、上游、中游、下游和河口五个部分。我国仅次于长江的黄河,流域面积为75万平方公里,年平均流量为 482亿立方米。可见“河”并非专指小江,或小的河流。湖……陆地表面比较宽阔的洼地积水而成的水体。按成因可分为构造湖、火口湖、堰塞湖、冰川湖、岩溶湖、泻湖、牛轭湖、风蚀湖和人工湖等。按含盐量的多少,可分为淡水湖、咸水湖盐湖等。按湖和河的关系又可分为内陆湖和外流湖。如太湖、鄱阳湖、兴凯湖和青海湖等。江:一般是中国南方对水道的称呼。如长江、珠江、湘江等。河:一般是华北地区对水道的称呼。如黄河、渭河、淮河。但东北又称其为江。如松花江、嫩江等。地理书上说,世界上有四条大河,依次是:亚马逊河,密西西比河,长江,尼罗河。世界上最大的河都不叫江,。查辞典。“河,天然的水道”,“江,大河”。这是现代汉语词典对江与河作的诠释。但我想这只是语言学家依着习惯作的解释罢了,语言学最讲究尊重约定俗成。江的水流随季节变化较小,河的水流随季节变化较大.

    09-08-03 | 添加评论 | 打赏

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  • 0

    luyuzu

    想知道你现在好不好

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  • 0

    天使的诱惑12

    长江,我们伟大祖国的第一条大河,也是世界第三条大河.它奔腾在亚洲东南部,滋润着一百八十多万平方公里的沃土,哺育着三亿多中华民族的优秀子孙.自古以来,长江流域就成为中华民族的摇篮.她和黄河、万里长城一样,是中华民族的象征和骄傲.长江古称“江”或“大江”.称“江”最早是在周朝的《诗经》上,《周南·汉广》:“汉之广矣,不可泳思,江之永矣,不可方思”,这个“江”就是今日的“长江”.春秋时代吴王的铜剑上刻有:“处江之阳”四字,其中的“江”也是指的长江.我国古代许多书籍和诗文中都有关于“江”或“大江”的记载和描述,屈原《哀郢》:“将远舟而不浮兮,上洞庭而下江”;《左传》:“江汉(目章)漳,楚之望也”;

    09-08-04 | 添加评论 | 打赏

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  • 0

    wer243

    In terms of its origins in ancient times, the "river" is the expertise in the Yellow River, said, "Jiang" is the expertise in the Yangtze River that later evolved into the river known. Become a generic term, the North only "river," the North " What what Jiang "must be late only the (Chinese) name. Therefore, the North River are of different sizes. the South with" Jiang "use either" river ", so the big southern river called the" river ", a small river called the" river . "For the South, the" river "is a foreign word. This shows that the southern Chinese Wu Yue Chu culture by the North Central Plains of the Xia culture greatly influenced. linguists, according to historical comparative study," Jiang "word with the South Asian language, which may be the bottom of the South Asian language, meaning that the ancient Chinese southerners is that the South Asian language (domestic Wa language, belongs to South Asia, Cambodian foreign language), was later assimilated Chinese-speaking people, but retained the some elements of the original language, called the bottom. this point of view many people accepted it. In ancient times the "river" refers only to the Yellow River, "River" refers only to the Yangtze River, the other is called "water", like the Han, Wei-shui Luohe so. Later, because the Yellow River water contains sediment Duocheng yellow called "Yellow River", while the Yangtze River because it is the longest river in China called "Yangtze River", river and the river became rivers collectively. Dictionary Jiang explained that the river, but from the distribution point of view of the river seem to all call the middle river, like the Huaihe River, Weihe River, the Haihe River, etc., while the river is called the most distributed in the Yangtze River to the south and north, like the Qiantang River, Pearl River, the Songhua River, Heilongjiang, and so, of course, is not absolute. River ... ... the larger rivers, such as the Yangtze River, Heilongjiang, Songhua. River ... ...-pass refers to the general channel, which is defined as "the gravity, often or intermittently along a linear extension of the concave to the flow of natural water bodies." Generally can be divided into Heyuan, upstream, midstream, downstream and estuary five parts. China after the Yangtze River Yellow River drainage area of 75 million square kilometers, the average annual flow of 48.2 billion cubic meters. See the "river" does not specifically refer to a small river, or small river. Lake ... ... land surface water rather broad depressions formed body of water. By the causes can be divided into tectonic lake, fire lake, dammed lake, glacial lake, karst lakes, lagoons, oxbow lakes, lakes and artificial lakes such as wind erosion. According to the amount of salinity can be divided into freshwater lakes, lagoons and other salt lakes. According to the relationship between the lake and river can be divided into inland lakes and lake outflow. Such as Taihu Lake, Poyang Lake, Xingkaihu and Qinghai Lake. Jiang: China Southern is generally called the watercourse. Such as the Yangtze River, Pearl River, Xiangjiang River and so on. River: North China region is generally called the watercourse. Such as the Yellow River, Weihe River, the Huaihe River. But the Northeast also called it as Jiang. Such as the Songhua River and Nen and so on. Geography books, said there are four major rivers in the world, followed by: the Amazon River, the Mississippi River, the Yangtze River, the Nile. The world's largest river is not called the River,. Check dictionary. "River, the natural waterways," "River, river." This is the Modern Chinese Dictionary of the river and the river for interpretation. But I think it is only for linguists in accordance with the customary interpretation of fills most pay attention to respect for linguistic convention Jiang small changes in water flow with the seasons, the river flow changed greatly with the seasons.就其源流而言,在古代,"河"是黄河的专称,"江"是长江的专称,后来才演变为河流的通称.变成通称之后,北方只用"河",北方的"什么什么江"一定是很晚才有的(汉语)名字.所以北方的河有大有小.南方用"江"兼用"河",所以南方的大河流叫"江",小河流叫"河".对于南方而言,"河"是外来词.这说明中国南方的吴越楚文化受了北方中原的夏文化的极大影响.据历史比较语言学家的研究,"江"字跟南亚语有关,可能是南亚语的底层,意思是,古代中国南方人是说南亚语的(国内的佤语,国外的柬埔寨语就属于南亚语),后来被说汉语的人同化了,但是保留了原来语言的一些成分,就叫底层.这个观点许多人接受了。 在古代“河”指的只是黄河,“江”指的只是长江,其他的就叫“水”,像汉水、渭水、洛水等等。后来由于黄河水含泥沙多呈黄色就叫“黄河”,而长江因为是我国最长的河流就叫“长江”,江和河就成了河流的统称。字典对江的解释是大河,不过从分布上看中部的河流好像都叫河,像淮河、渭河、海河等等,而叫江的最要分布在长江以南和东北,像钱塘江、珠江、松花江、黑龙江等等,当然也不绝对。江……较大的河,如长江、黑龙江、松花江等。河……通指一般的水道,其定义为“在重力作用下,经常或间歇地沿着线形伸展的凹地流动的天然水体”。通常可分为河源、上游、中游、下游和河口五个部分。我国仅次于长江的黄河,流域面积为75万平方公里,年平均流量为 482亿立方米。可见“河”并非专指小江,或小的河流。湖……陆地表面比较宽阔的洼地积水而成的水体。按成因可分为构造湖、火口湖、堰塞湖、冰川湖、岩溶湖、泻湖、牛轭湖、风蚀湖和人工湖等。按含盐量的多少,可分为淡水湖、咸水湖盐湖等。按湖和河的关系又可分为内陆湖和外流湖。如太湖、鄱阳湖、兴凯湖和青海湖等。江:一般是中国南方对水道的称呼。如长江、珠江、湘江等。河:一般是华北地区对水道的称呼。如黄河、渭河、淮河。但东北又称其为江。如松花江、嫩江等。地理书上说,世界上有四条大河,依次是:亚马逊河,密西西比河,长江,尼罗河。世界上最大的河都不叫江,。查辞典。“河,天然的水道”,“江,大河”。这是现代汉语词典对江与河作的诠释。但我想这只是语言学家依着习惯作的解释罢了,语言学最讲究尊重约定俗成。江的水流随季节变化较小,河的水流随季节变化较大.

    09-09-05 | 添加评论 | 打赏

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