September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, the UK, France and Poland, the alliance agreement, the United Kingdom and France declared war on the same day to Germany, which marked the beginning of World War II. Thirties Canada is experiencing the Great Depression, military force is almost non-existent, there is no one anti-aircraft machine guns, 25 old aircraft, does not produce rifles, machine guns and artillery equipment. Nevertheless, Canada September 10 to declare war on Germany, just because Canada and the United Kingdom blood contact.
Army context, Canada's first defense of Hong Kong a disaster. September 19, 1941, London to Ottawa, asked one or two battalions to improve our defense capabilities. November 16, two Canadian infantry battalions and a headquarters arrived in Hong Kong. The soldiers and officers have not been very good military training, nor did a very good equipment. Strategic resource for the Far East, Japan, on December 8, 1941 began an offensive against Hong Kong, just six hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Two Canadian infantry battalions, four British and Indian infantry battalions plus 2000 Hong Kong volunteers, have not seen combat, there is no need for fighting and communications equipment, the British navy and air force chief whip at the end, and, more experienced this is not a , and the Japanese soldiers with air support rivals. Hong Kong in the fall of the Christmas day. Began in Japan after the massacre, they used bayonets, machine guns, killing the wounded troops, rape and female volunteers. Alive, forced to do hard labor. 1973 Canadian officers and men of the 555 never came back alive afflicted.
But the most tragic is not yet in Hong Kong, is the first E Pudeng land. Dieppe is a German occupation of France, north-west of the port. August 19, 1942, a large-scale amphibious assault across the English Channel directly toward Dieppe Kyrgyzstan calendar. This military operation was originally proposed by Montgomery planned, due to a number of unfavorable factors and plans for the obvious flaws, attacks have been canceled. As the pressure of public opinion within Canada, the failure to recover from the Hong Kong point of self-confidence, coupled with the Canadian soldiers stationed in the United Kingdom's war enthusiasm, indeed baffling attack plan was again executed. Landing operation, the Allied fighter planes, bombers and warships to meet the very place, fighter bombers, half an hour late, warships, and even dare not go into the Strait. Intelligence are not allowed, and their collection on the contrary, Dieppe's most elite German troops stationed in support of adequate, another air support. Most landed in Canada more than 6,000 officers and men, only one morning of 3300 Canadian soldiers killed, wounded or captured. There is no possibility of a victory plan that has been carried out, but failed so miserably.
Perhaps the most worthy of the Canadian Army be proud of the fighting in Italy and that the ATO. Atto That is the central part of Italy near the Adriatic Sea, a small city. A strategically less important position. Italy is said to be guarding a paradise, the attackers nightmare. A mountain range across the Italian peninsula, rugged roads, villages spread all over, easy to defend. Canada, December 20, 1943 under the tutelage of an infantry started to attack Atto that the battle lasted seven days. This is a typical landing with house-room room of the offensive and defensive, anti-tank guns to fight from a window to another window, the entire city was virtually dismantled by hand. However, the significance of this battle is extraordinary for the Canadian Army, which has won the Canadian infantry had a very good reputation, has accumulated a wealth of urban warfare and amphibious landing experience. However, Canada has lost a lot, 2339 military casualties.
Look at the Canadian Navy. Goal of the Allies in the Atlantic Ocean at that time there were three blocked European Axis countries, escort Allied maritime transport, and military control. However, to the Allies biggest headache was the German submarine U-. After the fall of France, the German submarine fleet to rely on the French port, in-depth Atlantic Ocean. Clear and simple purpose of the German navy to attack and cut off Britain's sea lanes. In May 1941, the British Royal Navy asked the Royal Canadian Navy to join the Atlantic escort. At that time the Canadian Navy's equipment and personnel can not be optimistic, a number of small, inexpensive frigates, sailors were farm boys and bank staff, and the captain is the number of people who have driven yacht. In March 1943 before the Allied convoy were all of the North Atlantic German submarine position, half of the attack, one-fifth was sunk. Only in January 1943, 80% of the Canadian navy to escort the fleet is under attack. So the Canadian navy to escort out of the ocean, only responsible for coastal convoy. After the Allied tactical adjustments, an increase of air power and large destroyers, and cracked the German telecommunications password, in 1943 in the first half 100 bow U-submarine was sunk, early in June, the German navy withdrew from the Atlantic Ocean. Since then, the Canadian Navy and gradually grow, higher staffing levels, and equipped with large destroyers.
Finally take a look at the Canadian Air Force. Can be said that Canada's Air Force indelible contribution to the Second World War. During the war, Canada is responsible for all Commonwealth countries, including Britain's air force training. 132000 officers trained in Canada, including 73,000 Canadian Air Force, covering the fighter, bomber pilots, navigators, radio operators, ground crew personnel. Royal Canadian Air Force sent out a total of 48 formations and 94000 Air Force officers serving around the world. Fighter pilots fighting in Britain, Malta, the West African desert, and the European north-west. Two transport fleet service in Burma. A formation in Ceylon. At the same time in Canada, the two sides of the Atlantic coast of the implementation of the defense and escort. The most famous must be the Royal Canadian Air Force's bomber fleet, and and the British Royal Air Force, together with the depth of the bombing of the German native, including Germany's aircraft factories, submarines factories, as well as transport, energy, hydro dam destruction, very weakening of large resources and the readiness of Germany behind the economy. When the war ended, there is a crew of four bombed the Canadians, the Canadian Air Force ranks fourth in the world. 17101 Canadian Air Force officer to sacrifice in World War II, and the Army in Europe is almost the same as the number of battlefield sacrifice.
As the British military and economic weakness has led Canada since World War II turned to a new military and economic union - the United States.一九三九年九月一日，德国侵入波兰，由于英国，法国和波兰的联盟协议，英国和法国在同一天向德国宣战，这标志着二战的开始。三十年代的加拿大正经历着经济大萧条，军事力量几乎不存在，没有一架防空机枪，二十五架陈旧的飞机，没有生产来福枪，机枪和大炮的设备。尽管如此，加拿大在九月十日向德国宣战，仅仅因为加拿大和英国的血脉联系。