Tibetan New Year is the Tibetan people's traditional festival. With the Han people or less the same as the Lunar New Year, from January 1 the beginning of the Tibetan calendar, on the 15th to the end of 15 days continued.
藏历年identification and is closely related to the use of the Tibetan calendar. Official use of the Tibetan calendar is lunar Dingmao year (1027 AD) began. This calendar algorithms are closely related to cultural exchanges with the Central Plains.
According to written records, more than one hundred years BC, the Tibetan calendar to the moon is round, and none, New Moon, hope to calculate the month. By the Tang Dynasty, Princess Wen Cheng in Tibet has brought a lot of books by the book, including on the astronomical calendar book, which is the perfection and development of Tibetan has played an extremely important role. At this time, the calculation method of the first day of New Year has been progress on the brightness of the stars as the main basis for the calculation. Song Injong days from the beginning of St. five years, the Tibetan calendar and Wong (that is, the lunar calendar) gradually. Pagba the Sakya dynasty of Tibet, the Tibetan fully mature, the New Year has also fixed the ceremony has been followed until now. From the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, the Tibetan calendar year for the twelve months to determine, the 30 days on, 29 days Xiaoyue. About one out of every Leap一千日. School with the Han Chinese and the Heavenly Stems, Earthly Branches Jinian calculation. However, the Tibetan calendar is divided into the celestial Zodiac, namely: Aries, Pisces, Taurus, Capricorn, Gemini, the lion, Heteropoda, Aquarius, people, room F, Scorpio, Libra. Zodiac with twelve Earthly Branches: Sub-mouse, ugly cow, Yin Tiger, Mao rabbit, Chenlong, have been snakes, Kenneth Ma, no sheep, monkey Shin, you chickens, dogs Xu, Hai pigs, with the five elements: wood, fire, soil, gold, water Jinian. This method is similar to the Lunar Calendar.
Tibetan New Year traditions and customs
Preparatory work for the Tibetan New Year the previous year generally began early in December. In addition to the purchase of dining outside of the New Year, every household should create a named "切玛" bucket of grain, that is, full-color painting patterns in the wooden box were in full bloom speculation about grain and butter of Zanba拌成the top plug barley and ghee Sui color of plastic flowers. Also a bowl of water soaked barley seeds to grow one in the New Year season, Young二寸long. "切玛" and God麦苗case in the middle of worship, prayer五谷丰登the coming year.
In accordance with Tibetan traditions and customs of New Year's Day morning, the first by the housewives get up to wash after the first river or the well "to learn the new water," Who can be the first back to back the new water, not only the family good luck, herald the new year and favorable weather. And then to feed livestock, and wake the whole family. Men, women and children are put on the family holiday attire, followed by the seated position in the family hierarchy. Before eating, each of the first dip in the mouth that Zanba face, to show that they are children and grandchildren to eat Zanba. New Year's ceremony, the whole family sitting together, drink highland barley wine, eating foods such as ginseng fruit. This is the first day, the whole family gathered behind closed doors, and do not visit. From the first two days of the beginning of each New Year, continued 35 days. At night, the young herders or around the campfire singing old songs, or indulge Zhuang欢跳pot sub-chord dance dance.