藏历新年日期哪里看?

藏历新年日期哪里看?
09-05-30  上帝吾儿 发布
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  • 0

    xiongkc

    藏历新年是藏族人民共同的传统节日。它与汉族的农历新年大致相同,从藏历元月一日开始,到十五日结束,持续十五天。

      藏历年的确定与藏历的使用密切相关。藏历的正式使用,是在农历丁卯年(公元1027年)开始的。这种历算法与中原文化交流者有密切关系。

      据文字记载,公元前一百多年,西藏历算是以月亮的圆、缺、朔、望来计算月份的。到了唐朝,文成公主进藏,带来了许多经书典籍,其中有关于天文历算的书籍,这对藏历的完善和发展起到了极其重要的作用。这时,计算新年第一天的方法已从月的亮度进步到以星辰为主要依据的计算方法。从宋仁宗天圣五年开始,藏历与皇历(即阴历)逐步统一。到了八思巴的萨迦王朝统治全藏时,藏历完全成熟了,过年的仪式也固定下来,一直沿袭到现在。从元朝开始,藏历确定一年为十二个月,大月三十天,小月二十九天。每一千日左右便有一个闰月。并且学用汉族农历的天干、地支计算纪年。不过,藏历把天体分为十二宫,即:白羊、双鱼、金牛、摩羯、双子、狮子、巨蟹、宝瓶、人马、室女、天蝎、天秤。用十二地支属相:子鼠、丑牛、寅虎、卯兔、辰龙、巳蛇、午马、未羊、申猴、酉鸡、戌狗、亥猪,配以五行:木、火、土、金、水来纪年。这与农历纪年法相似。  

      藏历新年的传统风俗

      藏历新年的准备工作一般在前一年的十二月初就开始了。除购置吃喝玩乐的年货外,家家户户都要制作一个名叫“切玛”的五谷斗,即在绘有彩色花纹的木盒左右分别盛放炒麦粒和酥油拌成的糌粑,上面插上青稞穗和酥油塑制的彩花。还要用水浸泡一碗青稞种子,使其在新年时节长出一、二寸长的青苗。“切玛”和麦苗供奉在神案正中,祈祷来年五谷丰登。

      按照藏族的传统习惯,大年初一早上由家庭主妇第一个起床,洗漱完毕之后,先到河边或井边“汲新水”,谁家能第一个将新水背回,不仅全家吉祥,而且预示新年风调雨顺。然后将牲畜喂饱,并叫醒全家人。全家男女老少都穿上节日的盛装,按辈分依次坐定。进食之前,每人先在嘴上沾一点糌粑面,以示自己是吃糌粑的子孙。新年仪式之后,全家人围坐在一起,喝青稞酒、吃人参果等食品。初一这一天,全家人闭门欢聚,互不访问。从初二开始,互相拜年,持续三五天。入夜,年轻的牧民们或围着篝火唱起古老的歌谣,或纵情欢跳锅庄舞和弦子舞。

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  • 0

    第七力量

    甘南藏民过藏历年,凡遇12月大时,藏历正月初一过年;12月小时,初二是年。

     从藏历正月初三开始,各种交际与娱乐活动便翻开了篇章。甘南藏人把正月初三看作是一年中最富吉兆的曰子,各种庆典也都集中在这一天举行,少女上头仪式、给周岁男婴剃头的仪式、赘婿仪式、新房落成庆典、婚礼仪式等等。有的年头,亲友们得马不停蹄地参加七八个宴会,既欢欣亢奋,又疲累不堪。初四、初五,是亲戚之间、好友之间、村中老人互邀作客的日子,一般也是一天走个三四家,去作客的要唱祝酒歌,乘酒兴表演“嘎尔舞”,告辞时要跳“扎西”(吉祥)嘎尔舞、锅庄舞。

     在甘南的藏历年期间,还有以下几个节庆:

     正月“毛兰节”,为藏语“嘉洛毛兰木”的音译,也叫传昭节,意为“祈祷法会”。一般从正月初三至正月十六持续14天。这一节日在夏河拉卡楞寺及其附近地区最为隆重。过节期间,各地寺院均向男女信徒开放。直到初三日傍晚,喇嘛则结会一处,听取一年的规矩,并集中诵经,举行祈祷法会,祈愿这一年“五谷丰登,六畜兴旺”。

     在正月十三午前举行的“晒佛”活动,由僧侣头顶数十丈长的绣像(有佛祖、阿弥陀佛、宗喀巴等),展挂在拉卡楞寺对面的山坡上。当地僧官盛服莅临,举行送祭仪式。善男信女拥作一团,人群遍野,信徒常争至像前顶礼。

     正月十五则会举行酥油灯会,僧侣们口中念着“六字真言”,围绕寺院“转香巴”,并举行转“古拉”活动,以祝未来幸福。

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  • 0

    13534405936

    Tibetan New Year is the Tibetan people's traditional festival. With the Han people or less the same as the Lunar New Year, from January 1 the beginning of the Tibetan calendar, on the 15th to the end of 15 days continued.



    藏历年identification and is closely related to the use of the Tibetan calendar. Official use of the Tibetan calendar is lunar Dingmao year (1027 AD) began. This calendar algorithms are closely related to cultural exchanges with the Central Plains.



    According to written records, more than one hundred years BC, the Tibetan calendar to the moon is round, and none, New Moon, hope to calculate the month. By the Tang Dynasty, Princess Wen Cheng in Tibet has brought a lot of books by the book, including on the astronomical calendar book, which is the perfection and development of Tibetan has played an extremely important role. At this time, the calculation method of the first day of New Year has been progress on the brightness of the stars as the main basis for the calculation. Song Injong days from the beginning of St. five years, the Tibetan calendar and Wong (that is, the lunar calendar) gradually. Pagba the Sakya dynasty of Tibet, the Tibetan fully mature, the New Year has also fixed the ceremony has been followed until now. From the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, the Tibetan calendar year for the twelve months to determine, the 30 days on, 29 days Xiaoyue. About one out of every Leap一千日. School with the Han Chinese and the Heavenly Stems, Earthly Branches Jinian calculation. However, the Tibetan calendar is divided into the celestial Zodiac, namely: Aries, Pisces, Taurus, Capricorn, Gemini, the lion, Heteropoda, Aquarius, people, room F, Scorpio, Libra. Zodiac with twelve Earthly Branches: Sub-mouse, ugly cow, Yin Tiger, Mao rabbit, Chenlong, have been snakes, Kenneth Ma, no sheep, monkey Shin, you chickens, dogs Xu, Hai pigs, with the five elements: wood, fire, soil, gold, water Jinian. This method is similar to the Lunar Calendar.



    Tibetan New Year traditions and customs



    Preparatory work for the Tibetan New Year the previous year generally began early in December. In addition to the purchase of dining outside of the New Year, every household should create a named "切玛" bucket of grain, that is, full-color painting patterns in the wooden box were in full bloom speculation about grain and butter of Zanba拌成the top plug barley and ghee Sui color of plastic flowers. Also a bowl of water soaked barley seeds to grow one in the New Year season, Young二寸long. "切玛" and God麦苗case in the middle of worship, prayer五谷丰登the coming year.



    In accordance with Tibetan traditions and customs of New Year's Day morning, the first by the housewives get up to wash after the first river or the well "to learn the new water," Who can be the first back to back the new water, not only the family good luck, herald the new year and favorable weather. And then to feed livestock, and wake the whole family. Men, women and children are put on the family holiday attire, followed by the seated position in the family hierarchy. Before eating, each of the first dip in the mouth that Zanba face, to show that they are children and grandchildren to eat Zanba. New Year's ceremony, the whole family sitting together, drink highland barley wine, eating foods such as ginseng fruit. This is the first day, the whole family gathered behind closed doors, and do not visit. From the first two days of the beginning of each New Year, continued 35 days. At night, the young herders or around the campfire singing old songs, or indulge Zhuang欢跳pot sub-chord dance dance.

    09-07-01 | 添加评论 | 打赏

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