Phoenicians were an ancient nation's history, claiming to be flash-US special people, also known as Semites. Living in the east coast of the Mediterranean today, the equivalent of today's Lebanon and Syria, along the coast, they had been the establishment of a highly civilized ancient country. The 10th century BC to the 8th century BC Phoenician city-state is a boom. The Phoenicians in the ancient world's most famous navigator and businessmen, they were driving a long, narrow vessels traversing the Mediterranean, the first corner of the Mediterranean can be seen each port trace of Phoenician traders.
As the Phoenicians already disappeared among the sea of clouds in the history of the Lakeshore, on their records come from the Phoenicians had eaten a lot of hardship the hands of the Greeks and Romans. So, today we know Phoenician far from comprehensive. It is said that "Phoenician" is the ancient Greek, meaning "purple-red purple state," because the Phoenicians live local products is purple dye. Phoenicians forced slaves to take mejillon the seabed, from bright and strong pigment extraction, and then stained with the purple color of the cloth distribution in the Mediterranean countries.
[Edit this paragraph] Phoenician Introduction
What is the rise of the Phoenicians, from where, without the knowledge of people today. In today's history books to see the earliest to see the Phoenicians, who already are in the Mediterranean east coast has been called the "Phoenician coast," the land where they built many thriving commercial city. At that time, the Phoenicians established by Romania's largest city is pushing, it was verified that in Lebanon today, Sulzer. To push Romania's so rich, so that the ancient writers as to its hype, with a lot of fine-sounding words, such as "silver heap on the street, such as bulldozers, pile gold, such as sand," and so on. However, the Phoenicians did not build a unified country, every Phoenician cities are a country, residents elected their own king, respect the protection of their own god. Phoenicians were too smart to close proximity to the towering Mount Lebanon, they can only survive to the vast sea, the conditions did not occur in agriculture, they have developed handicraft industry and commerce, they are brilliant handicraft arts Phoenician jewelry , is also gone to four businessmen. Not only do they produce their own range trafficking of exquisite handicrafts such as glass vases, jewelry, metal containers and weapons, etc., more sales from various parts of the specialty: from the Far East and India, grain, wine, textiles, carpets and precious stones, from the Black Sea coast, lead, gold and iron, copper of Cyprus, cypress and maize, but also a variety of handicrafts of Greece. In addition, the Sicilian wine and oil, the Balearic Islands, Corsica wine and wax, brought back from the African interior, ivory and slaves, gold and silver brought back from Spain, and even the tin from Britain, all of These are pooled into the hands of the Phoenicians through their hands and then sell it. As the business developed, Phoenicians on the Mediterranean coast of established a number of commercial stations or colonies, of these commercial stations have become the most prosperous parts of the local economy, many commercial stations became famous commercial cities such as Marseille in France today, In some cities that year is still a powerful city-state, northern Africa, Carthage (now Tunisia) was its largest colony. So that the Romans once alarmed.
Phoenicians not only a shrewd businessman, but also courageous navigator who ride waves in the Mediterranean, but also through the Strait of Gibraltar, often appear rough Atlantic. Today, the two coordinates of the Strait of Gibraltar is to use Phoenician god named, have been called "America Erkaerta." It is said that the Phoenicians arrived in the north to drive a vessel off the Atlantic coast of France, today, arrived in Britain, south and even as far away as Cape of Good Hope, they often deal with the blacks in West Africa, Herodotus in his writings to give a been recorded: the Phoenicians on the beach unloading of cargo and return to the ship, the rising plume of black smoke to signal to the black to see them come to the beach, the cargo placed beside some of the gold, and then hid in the woods. Phoenicians landed, see the number of gold satisfaction, put away the gold on the left, are not satisfied with the return to the ship and so on, until the black gold to increase their satisfaction to the. Of course, the greatest contribution to the Phoenicians, or they use the word - Phoenician alphabet, they are out of practical needs, and the wedge removed hieroglyphs written a beautiful appearance, from taking a few simple symbols, group became the 22 letters, this is the Phoenician alphabet. Phoenician alphabet is today the common ancestor of many European language. After the 8th century BC, Phoenician successively attached to the Assyrian, the new Babylon, Persia, Macedonia Asian countries.
Phoenicians who controlled the maritime trade in the Mediterranean region as long as 3000 years, but beyond that, we are understanding of this mysterious people is very limited. Today, DNA testing and recent archaeological discoveries are the gains soon for us to solve an old puzzle: What is the Phoenician people? They also left behind for future generations, what kind of legacy?
In October 2004 by the American National Geographic Society-sponsored human genome expert at Oxford University, Spencer Wells and Lebanon expert Pierre Zhalu Ya human genome using genetic method to search for the item after two years of the Phoenicians finally the results of research.
Conclusion: The Lebanese and the Phoenicians, the closest
Wales and Zhaluo Yi hope that through genetic methods retrieve "sea people" and the Canaanites, the link between the Carthaginians, who spent nearly two years along the Mediterranean coast were collected by random sampling local people's blood, back to the lab to analyze. They explained that a person's DNA, there are X, Y two long-chain, Y-chain can reflect the information from the paternal, in addition to DNA, there are short-chain, short-chain mutations more easily, but also faster. Long-chain is able to maintain stable and slow changes in a certain sense, can in this gene long-chain reflects the patriarchal family as a clock. Reference to the original Phoenicians from Lebanon Raskifa genes in a cave, where archaeologists have discovered many of the Phoenicians with the remains of more than 4,000 years ago, in addition to reference to the Phoenician remains found in Turkey, and from other parts of the Phoenician remains.
Wales and Zhaluo Yi explained that the different sources have different numbers paternal gene numbers for the M172's, their ancestors 12,000 years ago from the Middle East, M89 ancestors of people from Africa 45,000 years ago. Carthage before the Phoenicians arrived,腓尼基人是历史上一个古老的民族，自称为闪美特人，又称闪族人。生活在今天地中海东岸相当于今天的黎巴嫩和叙利亚沿海一带，他们曾经建立过一个高度文明的古代国家。公元前10世纪至公元前8世纪是腓尼基城邦的繁荣时期。腓尼基人是古代世界最著名的航海家和商人，他们驾驶着狭长的船只踏遍地中海的第一个角落，地中海沿岸的每个港口都能见到腓尼基商人的踪影。