斯坦福大学的英文介绍

斯坦福大学的英文介绍
09-08-28  匿名提问 发布
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    Stanford University (full name: Small Leland Stanford University, English: StanfordUniversity, full name LelandStanfordJuniorUniversity, 1891 years 10 1 -) is a private university, is generally considered the world's most distinguished universities. It is located in Stanford, California City, near San Francisco. Stanford University-owned assets in the world, one of the largest universities. It covers an area of 35 square kilometers, is the second area of the University of the United States. Sri Lanka's major academic institutions, large, with the exception of the Hoover Institution and the Ministry of sports entertainment, there are Graduate School of Business, Law, Education, Engineering, Earth Science, College of Arts and Science, School of Medicine and so on.

    Contents [hide]? Basic overview
    ? Renowned architect
    ? School Facilities
    ? School reform
    ? History
    ? The development process of
    ? Famous figures
    ? College system
    ? Professional settings
    ? Professor groups
    ? Business School
    ? Stanford Research Park
    ? Century birthday
    ? Spiritual connotation
    ? Development Evaluation
    ? Reference
     Stanford University - Basic Overview
    Stanford University was founded in 1885. At that time, the California railroad magnate, has served as governor of California in memory of the old Leland Stanford, he traveled in Italy when his son died of infection, the decision to donate money to set up in Palo Alto, Stanford University, and his British亩用to train 8180 excellent species of horse racing out of the farm as a school campus. Their decision for the future of California and the United States has brought untold wealth, despite the fact that the eyes of Americans here in the remote or inhospitable western occlusion. Until now, the people at Stanford also said the "farm." Therefore, at Stanford University, the bike is an essential means of transport the students.

    Stanford University's red brick buildings are yellow, well-all is the seventeenth century-style Church Missionary Society in Spain - not Harvard, Yale University, who's different, different styles of buildings, less the north-eastern part of the University of wall climbing full of ivy, to enter the university, first of all to see is a khaki-colored stone wall around the building under the red roof, Arcade phase, flail go brown in the classic and modern video of delivery is full of rich cultural and academic atmosphere . Stanford Shopping Center is a major part of it around the Business School, and College of Education, Institute of Technology, School of Law, Faculty of Medicine, etc. spread all over. Out that the Stanford Science Park, botanical gardens, golf courses and a number of scientific testing ground. Stanford University, the most famous building is the Stanford Memorial Church. Design of the Stanford campus, is a well-known designers Fredrik tenable姆斯泰德(Frederick Olmsted), Amherst College is well-known for his design, and he handed down the most commendable for the New York Manhattan Central Park, San Francisco's Golden Gate Park. Characteristics of his design is a natural forest, coupled with the freedom of the road curve. But Stanford does not have such features, impressive but there is no natural means to show the scale of several kilometers of artificial coconut tree Road.


    Stanford University - a well-known construction
    Memorial Church at Stanford Hoover Tower, Stanford University landmark building. It is to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Stanford built at the same time to commemorate the then U.S. President Hoover on the school's tremendous contribution to the building. Monument following the establishment of a special exhibition to introduce the life of President Hoover and performance.

    Old Union, built in the early 20th century, due to then-US President Herbert Hoover's proposal. Old Union is beginning to set as the students, activities, entertainment venue, which has a small hall, restaurant, library and so on. There was a time, some of which have been requisitioned to do the construction of school administration office. Currently, all building has been restored the function of the initial opening of the students.


    Stanford Memorial Church, built in 1903. The 20th century, the San Francisco earthquake occurred in the two to cause a serious damage to the church. Although the overall structure did not collapse, but the clock tower and beautiful mosaics on the external walls of severely damaged. After a major earthquake in 1989, a full closure of the church for 4 years to repair, repair is very successful, now both inside and outside the church do not see signs of earthquake damage. Memorial Church working days only open to tourists during the day, no tickets, but only in one visit.

    Stanford University - School Facilities
    Stanford University Fund strong, well-resourced, and teaching equipment is also very abundant. 6.5 million library. Schools with more than 7000 computers for use by students, but also a number of computer rooms and computer centers to provide services for students. Students can make use of network links with teachers and students in schools. In addition, the school has many sports facilities, and can accommodate 85,000 people Stadium, golf courses and swimming pool.

    The sixties, when the University of California at Berkeley and the student movement in the academic well known on the occasion of both Stanford University, is still unknown. Today, however, has been regarded as Stanford University, Harvard University, the West Bank.

    Stanford University - School Reform
    Stanford's take-off is a matter for after the seventies, I am afraid we have a big thanks to Stanford. More than 8000 acres of the area, schools with想怎么样also use up, so in 1959 the Dean of Engineering, a special concept of the door - this is the turning point of Stanford University: 1000 acres will be very low only a nominal rent, long-term leased to the alumni graduated from the business sector or setting up a company, and then by their co-operation with schools to provide students a variety of research projects and training opportunities. Stanford became the first on campus to set up a "University Industrial Park. Due to come up with a great harvest of land in return for this proposal, Stanford to make themselves in the forefront in the United States:" a business within the industrial park next to the opening of a, Stanford will soon go beyond the scope of the provision of land to promote growth and expansion, the formation of California, cutting-edge science and technology, elite gathering of the "Silicon Valley (Silicon Valley, also translated as" the Silicon Valley). Stanford University, and Enterprise Technology Group to be surrounded with the high-tech, and the business community, but also with the spirit of pragmatism and open up a case of "the spirit of the United States to establish close ties. With the U.S. West Coast," with the rise of high-tech, various computer companies, including the "darling Microsoft century have camped in this line, Stanford University is becoming more and more important.

    If Harvard and Yale University, the United States on behalf of the humane spirit of tradition, then at Stanford University is the spirit of the twenty-first century a symbol of science and technology.

    Stanford University is a four-year private universities, by "U.S. News And World Report" ranked as the nation's first five-star class universities, the U.S. ranked number one academic. 2002 "U.S. News" published its latest ranking, the National Graduate School, College of Engineering, is the nation's second, the second National Institute of Education, Graduate School of Business is ranked first, and the Institute of Business Administration, School of Law among the highest in the United States, School of Law law school rankings in the United States has been at the forefront. Once, the United States Supreme Court's nine judges, there were six from the Stanford University School of Law graduate. Ranking of the doctoral program, the first biology, computer science and card吉梅隆University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of California at Berkeley tied for first, third Geology, Mathematics and Princeton University, the University of California at Berkeley Berkeley tied for third, physics and applied mathematics at Harvard University the fourth, the fifth chemical. There are other top courses in English, psychology, mass communications, biochemistry, economics and drama. According to a recent official statistics show that graduates of Stanford University in the University of the average income of the highest in the nation's number one. 1998, U.S. President Bill Clinton's daughter Chelsea at Stanford University have chosen to become the school's "fresh people, no doubt, this is another strength of Stanford University proved.


    Stanford University - history
    A "west of Harvard," said Stanford University when the school is not very well-known. However, in an open school and the leading infectious optimism of the West Bank, the integration of the western culture and the essence of high-tech, both in academic research and has achieved remarkable results.

    Aiko built to commemorate the University of mortality

    Stanford University, a beautiful city located in Palo Alto (PaloAlto), PaloAlto referring to the San Francisco Bay red cedar. In 1876, where the old Stanford purchased 263 hectares of land, as a horse ranch. Later expanded to 3237 hectares, today the site of Stanford University campus. At Stanford University's logo and marks in every sport the image of Sequoia.

    Old Stanford was born in an affluent family of farmers. Was Governor of California in 1861. In 1863 he and his wife Janet set up the Central Pacific Railroad Company, served as president of Stanford.

    In 1884, his small son at Stanford with his parents when traveling in Europe, died of typhoid fever infected. Stanford grief after his wife returned to the United States, it was decided that 20 million U.S. dollars of his savings and his Palo Alto 3561 hectares of land used to create a great university.

    October 1, 1891, opening ceremony, held at Stanford University. New York newspapers at the time no one would have predicted that the land of the wild west on the university: "professors in the classroom marble, in the face of empty lecture bench." However, the opening day of the University, unexpected busy. The first session of a total of 559 male and female students, of whom two-thirds come from outside California.

    From the very beginning at Stanford University and the United States on the eastern part of the tradition of different schools: the University of charge at the time the majority of boys, here is coeducation; the majority of schools are associated with religious groups, there is not sectarian; the majority of education is only to follow previous the pace here is to advocate the practice of cultivating the culture of socially useful citizens. Jordan from 1891 to 1913 served as principal for 23 years, he is a brilliant guide to Stanford University, a distinguished educator.

    Stanford University - History
    During the crisis into

    1893 Stanford sleep died of old age. Misfortunes never come singly to his property were frozen. In such difficult circumstances, Mrs. Stanford did not intend to close down the school, she make every effort to maintain the functioning of the school until 6 years after the complete lifting of the freezing of funds. Mrs. Stanford Railway to sell her shares to 11 million U.S. dollars to the University Board of Trustees, Stanford University, the crisis was past. Jordan Vice-Chancellor, said: "This is the fate of university life and death, were all critical in a kind-hearted love for his wife."

    Since the third president since he took office Weber, Stanford University began development of the world tightly together on the beat, and gradually developed into a world-renowned universities.

    Stanford University at the time of enrollment has exceeded 2,000 people, but the number of graduate students, only a little more than 300 people. Weber decided to expand post-graduate places, occupational sex education, promote scientific research and external consultation, the department organized into their own college, an additional scholarship. He also places quarter system to a semester system, improve the utilization of classrooms and encourage students to develop sports.

    During his tenure at Weber, despite two world wars came across such a disaster, but a great teaching and research development, and infrastructure have accelerated the progress. Weber has also changed the school funding situation entirely donated by the founder of the Stanford from the shackles of the 19th century (that is, only the founder of the donation) out, so that it limits the funds from the railway.

    Achievements of the Silicon Valley

    On Stanford University, Silicon Valley is an important topic. Recognized "Father of Silicon Valley" is Fred Terman, the Stanford campus from an early age, he grew up in 1922 at Stanford University, he received both chemical and electrical engineering master's degree at Stanford University in 1924 to return to work. In 1937, he served as Head of the Department of Electronic Engineering. Everyone is familiar with him as his students and Hewlett Packard plans to establish the famous Hewlett-Packard.

    Professor Terman created in 1951 at Stanford Research Park. He and the then president of Stanford, Wallace decided to land into money, and then passed the money to hire a well-known professors, into academic prestige. Their approach is so simple - to draw the campus of 655 acres of land rented to companies engaged in high-tech industries, which is later Stanford Research Park.

    Terman proposed the famous "academic art" concept, which involves two levels of meaning, first, to attract top talent. Another layer of meaning is to establish the top departments. If we say that at Stanford University in 1920 is only a "Village University", but she will be among the best in 1960 to 1985, has been named the nation's first-class university.

    Palo Alto early engineers, many of the graduates of Stanford University, or graduate Terman. Subsequently, Terman also specialized so that the Silicon Valley company's employees into the Stanford degree. Therefore, the rise of Stanford University for the Silicon Valley, creating the conditions of micro-electronic industries, while also helping the development of Silicon Valley, Stanford University, so that they can have today's achievements.

    Stanford University - a well-known figures
    Linus Paulin in 1954 by the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964 won the Nobel Peace Prize, is the world's rare two scholars, one of the Nobel prize, and in only two aspects of the award-winning he is known as "the father of biochemistry."

    Arthur Berger space in 1959, won the Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine. This year, he synthesized DNA DNA, but the non-activity; subsequent decade, he continued to study, in 1967, and the in vitro replication activity of DNA.

    Robert Hofstadter in 1961 by the Nobel Prize in Physics. Through the school's linear accelerator, for the first time detected the nuclear, proton, neutron density distribution of the charge.

    Yichun is苏沃Alexander in 1970 by the Nobel Prize for Literature. He is one of the most famous Russian novelist. Works are the "first circle", "Cancer Ward", "Denis Ivan Cavic by one day to live" and so on.

    By肯尼斯阿罗Nobel Prize in Economics in 1972. And a British scholar, he established a balance of common welfare.

    Friedlich Shanghai in 1974, a Swedish scholar with the establishment of a common currency and economic fluctuation theory, Nobel Prize in Economics was shared.

    Richie Burton and other scientists have found a sub-atom, respectively, in 1976 by the Nobel Prize in Physics.

    Milton Friedman in 1976 by the Nobel Prize for Economics. He stressed that the amount in money as a tool of government policy and business cycle and the determinants of inflation, monetary economy is the Chicago school leaders, the United States the most famous, one of the most influential economists.

    Paul Berg, 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He is a virus propagation, invasion of normal cells and cancer of the earliest researchers.

    Tile floor, Mr. Arthur was the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1981. Together with their brother-in-law in 1958 published a paper, thesis studied the laser, one is the inventor of the laser.

    乔治斯泰勒in 1982 by the Nobel Prize in Economics, specializing in economic theory, industrial organization, public administration and economic history.

    Henry Peach cloth in 1983 by the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry master.


    Stanford University - School system
    Stanford University and other universities in different academic system. In the school in the year is divided into four quarters, the students should be selected for each different class. Therefore, students at Stanford University two-semester system than those students learning courses to more pressure than any other university students, to a large. Stanford, students must complete courses in nine areas, including culture and thought, natural science, technology and practical science, literature and the arts, philosophy, social sciences and religious thought. In addition, writing and foreign language students must meet certain standards. Stanford University recently the non-Western societies into the writer's works throughout the year it's "officer of Western culture when teaching the key link, aroused the attention of academics and vibration.

    Stanford University - professional settings
    Stanford University and the east coast of the brand-name institutions like the best, even in the United States in many aspects is the best. The school has more than 14,000 students, of which 7784 were undergraduates. Science for many students to volunteer, refresher courses and the preparation of the Faculty of Medicine Faculty of Science and Technology students are always overcrowded, medical, electronic / electrical engineering, environmental engineering, statistics, petroleum engineering, biochemistry, mechanical engineering, computer engineering, industrial engineering, operations research, aerospace engineering, mathematics, chemistry, physics, geological sciences, chemical engineering, civil engineering and other disciplines are the top ten. Obviously, this is a focus on science, engineering, medicine of the university. But the school of law, social science and humanities science-ho is also not less than that in the United States with a great reputation on. One psychology, history, mass communication, drama, business administration (MBA), Economics, English and other subjects in the United States the corresponding areas of the University living in the top six rankings. Stanford University requires students to take liberal arts, science knowledge to do both, and the general cultivation of the humanities students.

    Stanford University - Professor of groups
    According to 1995 data, a number of professors at Stanford University in 1300, there are 10 Nobel laureates, Pulitzer Prize winner 5, 142 American Academy of Arts Academy of Sciences, 84 countries and 14 Academy of Sciences National Science Award winner. And 67 students have won Rhodes Scholarship - is that President Clinton has been granted, Oxford被选送到the kind of post-graduate scholarship.

    Stanford University - Business School
    Stanford University Business School and Harvard Business School is considered the best U.S. business school. Many times these two colleges in the United States magazine business school rankings in a tie for first. Harvard Business School on behalf of more traditional business management training, culture is "西装革履-style" management personnel of large enterprises; and Stanford Business School, stressed that the creation of new technologies is even more new businesses, "the spirit of small businesses," culture is "wearing T - T-shirts, "a new generation of small entrepreneurs. Light from the number of students, the Stanford Business School, the scale is much less than the Harvard Business School. A total of 720 Stanford MBA students, only one called Sloan's enterprise management training program for a period of ten months each year to recruit only 50 people. However, the quality from the students, in the more than 730 U.S. business schools, there is no one school of business school at Stanford Business School competition so fierce. In recent years, from 5000 to 6000 each year to apply for access to Stanford Business School, but only 360 were lucky enough to do. From this perspective, the Stanford Business School is "worth" the highest in the Business School. The reason why the main reason is to ensure the quality of teaching in schools to ensure high-quality students and high standards.

    Stanford Business School requires students to have a theoretical depth, because it believes that business school graduates from the Business School should be at least benefit from two decades of education. In other words, they should not only understand their face after graduation, what kind of business world, it should also have enough talent to meet future twenty years after a change in the business world. At Stanford, after the first year of basic courses, general requirements for the second year students choose a professional direction, the direction of these professions, including manufacturing management, small business creation and management, international business administration, health services management and public utilities management. The aim is to enable students to engage in the future of the industry may be a systematic and in-depth understanding, grasp the practical and theoretical knowledge.

    Stanford Business School in the emphasis on practical management experience, but also emphasis on the economic, financial, market operation, such as the theory of long-term study results than other leading business schools more. Over the past few decades, this business school professor Several research results have won the Nobel Prize in Economics. At the same time, Stanford Business School in recent years with particular emphasis on the teaching of the use of high-tech. Many courses are related to the creation of high-tech companies, how a certain industry or large companies to implement technological change, and how to use new technology to the development of new products. To this end, schools such as the annual invitation from the Silicon Valley, many high-level business executives to teach students about their practical experience. Many MBA students to study when small companies to participate in the Silicon Valley business plans, development and management, in the absence of graduates and the companies on the establishment of close ties.

    Very high rate of out of Stanford University MBA is a professional one of the reasons why the world-famous. At present there are about 5000 applications each year, and reached a maximum of 8,000 people a year, and the admission rate was only 7%. MBA education teachers are a key factor. Stanford Business School, strong teacher, teachers and students of the ratio of 1:6, including since 1990 the three Nobel laureates. MBA is not a master's degree is usually understood as simple, it is a systematic and extensive professional. Therefore to ensure the diversity of students is a very important aspect. Stanford University MBA students from various fields, so that students can increase the complementarity between, to a certain extent to promote the learning of students.

    Stanford University in order to ensure the quality, there is a very important tool is to strengthen the media watchdog. Mainstream media in the United States every year released the ranking of MBA professionals, which the applicant and the employer has very important implications. These media are usually distributed in the students in the questionnaire for analysis after collection. Ranking is an important indicator of the views of students.


    Stanford University - Stanford Research Park
     In fact, that is bound to contact Stanford University, Stanford Research Park and the "Silicon Valley. Palo Alto, many early engineers are graduates of Stanford University. Stanford University in 1920 but only a" Village University, to the She will be among the best in 1960, and in 1985 were rated as the nation's first university. Is the rise of Stanford University for the Silicon Valley, creating the conditions of micro-electronic industries, Silicon Valley is the world's most advanced cutting-edge talent and technology of gathering, in here, a total of more than 40 Nobel laureates, there are thousands of Academy of Sciences and Academy of Engineering. In 1998, the Silicon Valley region, GDP totaled about 240 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 35% of the United States around the country, which is equivalent to the total value of China's GDP to about 25 percent. Silicon Valley, these excellent results achieved can not be separated from Stanford University in the incubator at the same time, also helped the development of Silicon Valley, Stanford University, to enable her to have today's achievements.

    Stanford Research Park, Stanford University by the Vice-Chancellor Professor Terman created in 1951, is the world's first research park, known as "the father of research parks. Since the late forties, as a result of the federal government decided to increase education investment in education has been the recovery of the United States. At that time, indulge in one corner of Stanford, the universities and the eastern part is not mentioned in the same breath, while the eastern part of far less developed western region, and the serious brain drain. then Terman of Stanford University Vice-Chancellor Professor , talent is the future of colleges and universities.

    Stanford not only to attract entrepreneurial talent and academic experts. At the same time, sustainable development at Stanford University and industry cooperation. Science and technology are productive forces, science and technology knowledge is the basis for the production of knowledge, universities are the most important places, this series of logical relationship between the universities to promote knowledge into the industry, so that made the development of industrial technology and innovation. The relationship between this logic is "a manifestation of the concept of practical education. Stanford University, Stanford's" Practical Education (Practical Education) for education from the very beginning to affect the growth of Stanford University. Mr. Stanford is not highly educated, he is as a businessman to enter the community. Businessman's social practice, so he knows how education is the importance of revitalizing the industry and at the same time, he needs to understand what kind of business education, especially what kind of higher education. "Practical education, and will become a founder of the concept of Stanford University. And as a founder of Stanford Research Park is Professor Terman of the concept of holding such an important figure in that he was opposed to the University a divorced from reality into the" ivory tower. Thus, under his leadership, in 1944 the University has developed the next 20 years development plan, in order to cause the Government attaches great importance to the Stanford University, and taking full advantage of federal funding to Stanford University from a regional into a national university renowned research institutions.

    Stanford Research Park is not only engaged in basic research, applied research and also to carry out development activities. Not only in basic research laboratories in universities, industry and research are also indoors. In university laboratories and research institutes engaged in applied research often by university teachers and industry researchers to participate in common. Development activities are concentrated in the industrial laboratory. University to participate in development activities in two ways: First, when the business advisory teachers; II is absorbed in the development of activities in order to have research experience and students.

    In addition, Stanford University through a variety of forms to strengthen business ties with the company. Effective management is the key to success. Stanford University is indeed set to do in education, scientific research in one of talents to the community, but also with their research results for social progress, for economic development.

    Stanford University - a hundred years of the founding
    In 1991, Stanford University, has ushered in a century of her birthday. It should be noted that first-class universities in the world she is still relatively young. However, she in the development of human intelligence, to meet the demand, it is dynamic and unique. Years at Stanford University at the time of a celebration commemorating the speech said: "So far, I am afraid there is no University of the centuries, whether it is domestic or international, to the University of development and social progress than we would provide a owned, more attractive or tempting opportunities. " Stanford is in such a position towards her second century, and modern society to welcome the 21st century. Stanford University is located in the Americas from the geographical location - the edge of the Pacific, east and west of the intersection, but also in technology and human integration of the two basic subjects, and if Stanford University in the East and West, between technology and the humanities success to build a bridge, it can be predicted that Stanford University will be able to solve the problems in today's world development and progress of some doubts very meaningful contribution to make.

    Combing the history of the development at Stanford University, it is natural it will look in the "academic - technology - productivity" as an outstanding transformation in the vision school concept, as well as management of the school unique.

    Stanford University, October 1, 1891 officially commenced. The first president to the students and guests Jordan made a dramatic speech, he said: "Our university is the youngest one, but she is the successor of human wisdom. With this inheritance, not to worry about the rapid and robust growth. " He announced: "We are the first school year to teachers and students in this task, is a co-existence of human civilization will lay the foundation for the school. This school will not因袭any tradition, any one can block her way, she All the signs point to the front. " A century, Stanford University for several generations of young people provided a good living conditions and learning conditions, resulting in a lot of impact on the world-renowned scientists, scholars, and there has been or is likely to change the world ideas. Her teaching and research achievements, making her among the ranks of world-class universities.

    Stanford University and Silicon Valley has been able to develop their links with the development of the times on the one hand, the opportunities provided by evolving; on the other hand, some individuals or groups is the subjective creativity can not be ignored. In looking back at Stanford University and Silicon Valley, the relationship between each other, we have to concern Stanford University and Silicon Valley to connect the bridge - Stanford Research Park.

    Stanford Research Park, Stanford University by the Vice-Chancellor Professor Terman created in 1951, is the world's first research park, known as "the father of research parks." Based on the above is to attract outstanding talent and creating cutting-edge department of "academic art" concept, Terman and then Vice-Chancellor Professor Wallace Sterling (WallaceSterling) decided to land into money, Stanford, and the money -- through hiring well-known professor - turned into academic prestige. Their approach is so simple, lease of land for schools to earn money. In the original gift book of the old Stanford, the state of the gifts of land (Stanford campus) are not allowed to sell, but does not prohibit the rental. Therefore, they would set aside 7.5 percent of campus land, about 655 acres, rented to factories engaged in high-tech industries, it is the Stanford Industrial Park, later.

    Stanford University - the spirit of the connotation of
    First, the entrepreneurial spirit - a thriving economic and cultural

    Stanford University in the course of the school, and always make the best use of the implement, to make the best use of the ideas, full of the school in order to start applying their knowledge of the spirit. As old Mr. Stanford said at the opening ceremony the first time, and "Remember, life is the final analysis, practical point, you should be here is to seek for themselves a useful occupation. However, we should also understand that this must include the innovation, entrepreneurial aspirations, good design and the ultimate realization of the efforts to make it. " This is the impact on human development at Stanford and Stanford, the growth of the concept of education and culture, she encouraged the idea of every people to start to break through. Stanford University with a total symbiosis of Silicon Valley's entrepreneurial spirit derived, has also become the first line on the road to Stanford, as well as the spiritual pillar of Stanford.

    Second, the search for the University of productive functions: the development of university and industry cooperation between the

    Science and technology are productive forces, science and technology knowledge is the basis for the production of knowledge, universities are the most important places, this series of logical relationship between the universities to promote knowledge into the industry, so that made the development of industrial technology and innovation. The relationship between this logic of "practical education" a manifestation of the concept. Stanford University, Stanford's "Practical Education" (PracticalEducation) concept of education from the very beginning to affect the growth of Stanford University. Mr. Stanford is not highly educated, he is as a businessman to enter the community. Businessman's social practice, so he knows how education is the importance of revitalizing the industry and at the same time, he needs to understand what kind of business education, especially what kind of higher education. "Practical education" has become the founder of the concept of Stanford University. Stanford Research Park as the founder Professor Terman also hold such an important figure in the concept that he was opposed to the University a divorced from reality into the "ivory tower." He also wants to see, 50-60 would be the federal government's renewed focus on higher education, to increase university funding.

    Stanford University, the current Vice-Chancellor Gerhard - Casper (GerhardCasper) the new school year in 1998 in his speech on the new, re-affirmed the long-standing tradition at Stanford, proposed the "University is a public service institution" thinking. He also described the "University of the exercise of the functions of business organizations is not a bad thing," the truth, according to Adam Smith's view, individual pursuit of rational self-interest can often be to promote the interests of society as a whole. And universities can get more funding support, then the school's teaching, research and development and other functions can be carried out on the very full, and step-by-step. This student development, social progress and human beings have a certain public welfare benefits.

    Continuing to maintain the University - Industry partnership is the tradition of Stanford University, is the high level of academic and public service work for an important way. This approach by the U.S. Government's approval and support.

    Third, management is not the administration, but academic and productive, not only in an orderly manner, and to be effective.

    Stanford Research Park focus on the construction and letting of land management. Research park land was originally leased for 99 years, in 1960 the term shortened to 51 years, was the need for the total rent paid in advance. By 1987, the establishment of an annual rental payment system. This also can be seen that the progress of the times, as well as the rapid development of Silicon Valley, Stanford Research Park has become a unique position and advantages. Stanford to investors to apply for special care, research, development and light industry, manufacturing, approval of a priority and allow the existence of long-term, because they will not cause dust, noise, odor or life-threatening substances. Many of the park tenants, focusing on electronics, aerospace, medicine and chemistry. As the study of access to industrial parks are strictly limited, so the park land lease must be negotiated between the two sides should act on a strictly commercial basis. For example, in the park lease to the land, in accordance with the wishes of their own style and build their own buildings.

    However, before the construction, the plan must be approved by Stanford University reported that the construction can only. Moreover, in the planning of buildings, Stanford landscape architects and designers should always be assessed in order to ensure consistency with the overall layout. The company when we were to expand or change, whether it is the secondary buildings and landscape design, or supporting structure or decoration has to go through Stanford University and the city of Palo Alto Architectural Review Board review and approval of both parties. Palo Alto City urban planning, there are strict requirements, such as the Park 1 acres to the largest network coverage in 30 percent of construction and provides the largest in the living area near the building height of 35 feet, a depth of underground construction 25 feet. Underground installation of public facilities, road maintenance, park and fire the work of public security also has detailed provisions.

    In spite of this, companies, enterprises are still willing to place in the research park, which means that the success rate of increase. Is located within the park, the company can always contact the relevant departments and universities, such contacts can be found through more opportunities for entrepreneurs.

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    “挑战杯”中国大学生创业计划竞赛简介

    1 “挑战杯”中国大学生创业计划竞赛的背景
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    创业计划竞赛是近几年风靡全球高校的一项重要赛事。它借用风险投资的运作模式,要求参赛者组成优势互补的竞赛小组,提出一项具有市场前景的技术产品或服务,以获取风险投资为目的,完成一份完整、具体、深入的创业计划。
    1.2 创业计划竞赛的起源
    创业计划竞赛起源于美国,又称商业计划竞赛,自1983年德州大学奥斯丁分校举办首届创业计划竞赛以来,美国已有包括麻省理工学院、斯坦福大学等世界一流大学在内的十多所大学每年举办这一竞赛。商业计划竞赛大大推动了高科技产业的发展,Netscape、Excite、Yahoo等公司就是在美国大学生的创业竞赛氛围中诞生的。
    在中国,创业计划竞赛最早于1998年在清华大学举行。1999年,由共青团中央、中国科协、全国学联主办,清华大学承办的首届“挑战杯”中国大学生创业计划竞赛汇集了全国120余所高校的近400件作品,在全国高校中掀起了一轮创新、创业的热潮,产生了良好的社会影响。近年来在北京、上海、天津、江苏、山东、湖北等地举办了地区性大学生创业计划赛事。在社会各界的关心和支持下,一批创业计划进入了实际运行操作阶段,技术、资本与市场的结合向更深的层次推进。经过市场洗礼,一部分学生创业公司正在逐步走向成熟,创业计划竞赛使大学校园创新意识、创业能力的教育与培训工作得到了进一步发展,成为大学生参加素质教育的新载体,以及大学生科技活动的新形式。
    1.3 创业计划竞赛的目的与意义
    在当前国内知识经济的发展初露端倪形式下,在建设“中国硅谷”的构想鼓舞下,创业计划竞赛活动在全国广泛开展,其意义绝不仅仅是一项学生的创业竞赛,它至少有以下四个方面的意义。
    1. 配合高校教育教学改革,适应了培养复合型、创造性人才的需要。
    学生们合作完成一项创业计划过程,正是完善知识结构,提高综合运用知识能力的过程,也是培养创新意识和创新能力的过程,更是锻炼与人合作的能力、培养团队精神的过程。参赛队员的技术创新能力与经济管理知识的优势互补是创业团队的一个显著特征。
    2. 加快了科研成果转化,促进了产学研结合。
    学生努力发掘拥有自主知识产权的技术产品,同时一些有远见的教师把自己的科研成果交给学生创业团队去变成对投资家有吸引力的创业计划,这本身就是一个科研成果走向市场并转化为生产力的过程。由创业计划竞赛到创新企业的这种崭新模式,必将为造就一批拥有自主知识产权的高新技术企业开辟新路。
    3. 鼓励了自主创业的意识,培养了学生创业精神。
    过去我们主要是教育学生如何去择业,但现在的经济发展已经提出了发展高新技术企业的紧迫要求,面对这一时代要求我们应该努力培养青年学生自主创业的意识,鼓励和支持他们在合适的学业阶段或毕业之后用自己的智力优势创办对社会经济发展有利的创新企业。创业计划竞赛正是把握了这一机遇努力培养学生创业精神的有效形式,参加到创业计划竞赛的学生们不仅为自己描绘和创造了未来,还雄心勃勃要为社会提供新的就业机会,为中国的发展创造新的经济增长点。学生的创业热情也一定会影响和号召一大批有志青年走上自主创业、服务社会的成长道路。
    4. 在建立国内风险投资体系的过程中发挥了积极的推动作用。
    从70年代开始,风险投资对一国乃至全球经济都发生了重大影响。这种影响主要体现在两个方面:一是促进科技成果的转化;二是推动了技术和管理的创新。中国风险投资的起步相对较晚,1985年国内出现第一家风险投资公司,1998年民建中央向全国政协提交了《关于尽快发展我国风险投资事业的提案》,学术界称1998年是中国风险投资的准备年。国内第一批风险投资企业也开始起步,其中四通利方、搜狐、亚信、金蝶财务等都是成功引资的例子。大学生创业计划竞赛正是诞生在这样的背景下,它向社会展示了青年学生的创造力和创业热情,而青年创业者的启蒙和实践将直接影响到国内风险投资体系建立的基础。创业计划竞赛活动中,投资界、企业界人士与青年创业者的广泛接触实际上正是在探索和酝酿适合中国国情的风险投资机制。
    人类社会即将迈入崭新的21世纪,以信息技术和生物工程技术为代表的高科技将成为新世纪国与国竞争的主要内容,这必将给处于改革攻坚阶段的中国带来极大的机遇和严峻的挑战。同时,中国即将加入WTO组织,在高层次和更广领域直接面对全球技术、信息和资本市场的竞争。因此,大力推进技术创新和“科教兴国”战略的实施,努力培养广大青年的创新、创业意识,造就一代适应未来挑战的高素质人才,已经成为新世纪实现中华民族伟大复兴的时代要求。是培养中国第三代自主创业和科技创业企业家的摇篮。
    1.4 中国大学生创业计划竞赛的发展趋势预测
    据我校参加前两届中国大学生创业计划竞赛中获取的一些信息,团中央、中国科协、全国学联主办本竞赛的目的就是要在广大的大学生中激发创意思维、培养创新能力、鼓励创业精神。通过创业计划竞赛来培养新企业家精神和培养中国第三代企业家,经过两届竞赛经验和参赛学校团队的实际情况分析,特别是2000年获得金奖的团队几乎都已经产业化或正在进行产业化的准备阶段。组委会明确了今后大学生创业计划竞赛将会朝着鼓励大学生创业实践的方向发展。

    2 “挑战杯”中国大学生创业计划竞赛方案
    2.1 竞赛的基本做法
    参照国际上开展创业计划竞赛的经验,结合我国的实际,“挑战杯”中国大学生创业计划竞赛基本做法如下:
    2.1.1 组织
    主办:竞赛以共青团中央、中国科协、全国学联名义主办。
    协办:邀请政府机构、科学家组织、企业家组织以及法律、会计和专利事务组织作为竞赛协办单位,为竞赛产品或服务项目的选择与专利事务、竞赛的评审事务、竞赛的成果转让事务、竞赛所涉及的科技政策事务、企业家参与等提供支持。邀请全国性报纸、广播电台、电视台等新闻单位作为竞赛的协办单位,形成竞赛的舆论宣传氛围,推广创业意识和创新精神,引导活动发展。
    参赛:以高等学校为单位,自愿报名,经省级共青团和科协组织推荐参加本项竞赛。
    2.1.2 运行
    参与:要求学生以竞赛小组的形式参赛。参赛者提供一项具有市场前景的产品或服务,组成一个优势互补的竞赛小组,在深入研究和进行广泛市场调查的基础上,完成一份把产品或服务推向市场的完整、具体、深入的商业计划。同时,创造条件,吸引风险投资家和企业家注入资金,推动商业计划真正走向市场。所提出的产品或服务应为参赛者参与的发明创造或经授权的发明创造,也可以是一项可能实现开发研究的概念产品或服务;所组成的竞赛小组人数不限,可以跨校组成;所完成的商业计划报告书应可以直接应用。商业计划报告书要有文字版和电子版两种。
    赛制:采取学校和全国两级赛制,分预赛、复赛、决赛三阶段进行。以学校为单位,广泛开展创业计划竞赛活动,形成竞赛的群众基础,参赛者向学校申报参赛作品。每所学校通过省市团委向全国竞赛组委会申报5件以下作品参加预赛,在预赛的基础上选出200件作品参加复赛,对参赛作品提出进一步完善的要求;通过复赛选出50件作品参加决赛,同时对参赛作品提出更进一步的完善要求;决赛将采取秘密答辩和公开答辩进行;通过决赛评出获奖作品。通过三阶段竞赛,使竞赛活动成一个连续和水平不断提高的过程。各省、市也可以组织本地的创业计划竞赛。
    奖励:竞赛共评选金奖15项,银奖35项,最佳团队表现奖1项。
    转化:吸引企业家和投资商参加参赛作品的投资合作洽谈,以投资的方式入股,参加创业计划的真正实现。
    2.1.3 推进
    在充分准备的基础上,中国大学生创业计划从组织、培训、评审、宣传、转化五个方面同步、交叉推进。
    2.2 竞赛涉及到的问题
    2.2.1 参赛所涉及的技术发明的选择
    参加创业计划竞赛很重要的是选择一项有市场前景的技术产品或服务,目前获得这样的技术产品或服务主要有三条途径:一是学生自己创造发明的或参与的科技创造或发明;二是高校教师或科研单位研发的技术产品或服务;三是国家专利机构发布的专利技术产品。后两者可以通过授权的方式进行。
    2.2.2 商业计划报告书的写作
    形成一份商业计划报告是参赛的核心。商业计划报告书的写作可以由各高校教师进行指导。参赛者在基本范示要求的基础上进行创造和丰富。商业计划报告书应立足于把一项产品或服务推向市场,成立一个虚拟的现代公司,完成它的市场化运作,必须具备真实可操作性,注入资金即可运行。
    2.2.3 创业竞赛的成果转化
    有两种方式:一是为参赛的商业计划直接注入资金,使商业计划进入市场化运作;二是出资购买参赛的商业计划报告书,供公司参考或采取另外的方式投入市场化运作。
    3 “挑战杯”中国大学生创业计划竞赛各赛段要求
    3.1 预赛阶段
    预赛时提交一份创业计划提纲,理想篇幅:3—4页A4纸。
    3.1.1 基本部分
    1 机会
    (1)描述创业机会
    ² 找准现有清晰的或潜在的市场需求;
    ² 瞄准具体的目标顾客(群);
    (2)描述产品/服务概念
    ² 使用类比、给出例子;
    ² 解释怎样满足顾客的需求;
    (3) 述市场中的竞争
    ² 竞争者是谁,他们的产品是什么?
    ² 您的竞争优势是什么?您如何保持这些优势?
    2 策略
    策略+目标市场=创业模型
    (1) 怎样赢利?
    (2) 怎样把产品送到顾客的手中?
    (3) 谁是顾客?
    3 怎么做
    (1) 描述赢利潜力,预期收入、赢利能力、风险资金回收策略;
    (2)描述管理队伍、全面均衡经验与不足;
    (3)可操作的行动计划;
    (4)具体目标。
    3.1.2 可选部分:产品/服务的命名
    命名时应考虑的因素:
    直观、使用时髦用语、暗示创业模型、有说服力、吸引顾客的注意力。
    3.1.3 注意问题
    (1)以顾客为中心描述这一讨论的框架
    例如对你的服务/产品应考虑以下几个方面的问题:
    Ø 目前尚未解决的问题;
    Ø 特定的大型应用;
    Ø 这是风险事业的一种解决方法;
    Ø 对顾客要求的特殊之处。
    例子:X是一个提议中的公司,它应用Y技术,生产Z产品/服务以满足迅速发展的Q市场上D亿美元的需求,使用S解决方案,针对/解决R问题。
    (2)使用图表来说明概念,清晰,简洁的书面材料,直截了当。
    3.2 复赛阶段
    复赛时提交一份完整的创业计划,一份良好的创业计划包括附录在内,一般控制在20—40页A4纸内。创作时应注意以下问题:
    4.3.2.1 明确你的目标顾客群
    ¨ 把注意力集中到一个清晰的市场,并与潜在的顾客交谈。
    例如:谁会买荧光雪橇
    美国有2.5亿人,目标:滑雪爱好者,比方说30%的人滑雪,即为7千5百万人。细化目标:追逐潮流的一部分滑雪爱好者,8%,即为6百万;其中50%的人每年购买一个,为3百万,价格:$500/双,估计市场容量:15亿美元。
    3.2.2 说明谁会购买产品/服务
    创业模型,即如何获得利润;销售方式,即如何把产品送到顾客手中;价格:
    ¨ 销售方式供选方案;
    ¨ 顾客:销售渠道;
    ¨ 创业用户:决策者?
    ¨ 制造业者:是使用还是转手买卖?
    ¨ 分销商:谁作为你和顾客的桥梁?
    ¨ 科研实验室:有吸引力吗?说明为什么。
    ¨ 为你的产品/服务定价;
    ¨ 对于顾客的经济价值;
    ¨ 与本产品竞争的产品价格;
    ¨ 成本+利润=价格;
    ¨ 从顾客角度出发,他们能否接受的价格下限?
    3.2.3 展示大的潜力
    ¨ 使用类比方法说明;
    ¨ 这是一种产品还是一桩生意?这次风险事业是潜力大还是小?
    举例说明潜力大的特点。
    例如:
    3—5年之内的收益达到千万至1亿美元:
    每个员工收益达15万到30万美元以上;
    推出策略是5年内上市发行股票(IPO);
    税前利润达20%以上;
    收益和员工年增长率100%——200%;
    5年内偿清投资的50%——100%;
    市场年年增长贡献率达20%以上;
    用户在半年内收回产品投资。
    3.2.4 描述产品/服务
    ¨ 详细描述产品/服务的特征及其作用。
    3.2.5 分析你的竞争对手
    ¨ 弄清竞争对手和替代产品;
    ¨ 找到合作伙伴;
    ¨ 扫清产品/服务进入时市场的障碍;
    ¨ 划出竞争空间;
    ¨ 当前的角逐者/解决方案;
    ¨ 谁是当前的直接竞争对手;
    ¨ 有哪些替代产品和解决方案?
    ¨ 从其他角度考虑的解决方案;
    ¨ 运作要求;
    ¨ 我们的竞争力;
    ¨ 与顾客交谈;
    ¨ 如果我们可以做到这些,他们会买吗?
    ¨ 如果这并不是他们想要的,那么他们真正想要的是什么呢?

    3.2.6 与竞争对手相比,你有哪些优势?
    ¨ 注意当前存在的缺陷,说明你能如何最好地弥补这一缺陷;
    ¨ 确立竞争优势;
    ¨ 当前的运营者/解决方案;
    ¨ 谁是当前的直接竞争者?
    ¨ 有哪些替代品和替代方案?
    ¨ 从其他角度的考虑的解决方案?
    ¨ 运作要求;
    ¨ 我们的竞争力;
    ¨ 与顾客交谈。
    3.2.7 保护你的优势
    ¨ 考虑风险;
    ¨ 申请专利/国际专利保护;
    ¨ 树立一个品牌形象;
    ¨ 行动,行动,再行动,占据市场。
    3.2.8 建立社会关系网络
    ¨ 与权威人士建立联系;
    ¨ 结交有关方面的朋友;
    ¨ 平衡技术和创业能力;
    ¨ 加入行业协会;
    ¨ 寻找可靠的顾问。

    3.2.9 实现你的承诺
    ¨ 原型示范;
    ¨ 展示第一个定货需求;
    ¨ 争取外部权利部门的支持;
    ¨ 描述销售渠道;
    ¨ 使用类比和举例方法。
    3.2.10 量化
    ¨ 自上至下:目标市场的容量;
    ¨ 自下至上:与顾客交谈;
    ¨ 竞争对手的销售;
    ¨ 对于顾客而言,经济价值;
    ¨ 盈利和利润目标;
    ¨ 运营成本:价值链。
    例如:
    你的荧光雪橇成为巨大的成功,但你却错失了创立自己公司的机会?于是你决定创立另外一家公司,为孩子们设计电脑游戏。你做了研究并确定你的目标市场和预期收入?但是因为你需要说服风险投资家们:这是一个有利可图的事业。你需要估算你的成本,量化你的创业模型:
    开发:
    三个IT开发员:40,000年薪=$120,000;合同图形和音频设计人员=$25,000;开发总费用:$145,000
    创造价值的过程:开发;市场营销;
    开发:
    1个IT市场营销经理:$40,000年薪=$40,000;
    3个贸易展示:3X$6000=$18,000;
    印刷营销材料:$10,000;
    合同PR代理:$10,000;
    网站:$8,000
    市场营销总成本:$86,000;
    制造:
    CD---ROM生产:$0.10/个;包装:$0.99/个;生产总成本:$1.00/个;
    分销:
    零售:零售价格的50%;总的分销成本:50%的零售价格;
    量化:
    零售价格:$20/个:计划第一年销售100,000个;
    开发成本:$145,000;
    营销成本:$86,000;
    制造成本:$100,000;
    分销成本:$1,000,000;
    总成本:$1,331,000;
    利润:$669,000;
    3.3 决赛阶段
    在复赛作品的基础上进一步深入、完善和提高,形成决赛作品,并准备参加答辩。
    3.4 循序渐进完成创业计划
    3.4.1 第一阶段:创业计划构想细化
    3.4.2 第二阶段:客户调查
    与至少3个本产品/服务的潜在客户建立联系。其中知道哪一个是你将选做自己销售渠道的客户。准备一份1到2 页的调查纲要。提供一份用过的调查和调查方法的描述。保证获取了足够大量的信息:包括潜在客户的数量;他们愿意付的价钱;产品服务对于客户的经济价值。还应当收集定性的信息:如购买周期、对于购买决策者来说可能导致他们拒绝本产品/服务的可能障碍,你的产品为什么能够在你的目标用户和客户的应用环境之中起作用。
    作业:竞争者调查
    确定你的潜在竞争对手并分析本行业的竞争情况。分销问题如何?形成战略伙伴的可能性?谁是你的潜在盟友?
    准备一份1到2页的竞争调查小结。
    3.4.3 第三阶段:创业计划报告的制作
    文档制作十分重要,因为文档是给投资家和评委看的,从中可以看出创业团队的基本思维方式,以及文字表达能力。注意文档的结构、内容以及上下文之间的逻辑关系,句子的语法,用词的专业性和准确性,文档要认真、精心地撰写。
    作业一:市场、目标和战略
    这是创业计划的第一主要部分。它应当建立在你所进行的客户调查和竞争者调查的基础之上。交一份3到5页的文档,量化市场机会;你如何把握这个机会;细化争取目标收入的战略。附上一些市场预测、客户证明、调查数据(包括从各种出版物上剪下来的材料、产品描述或者市场营销材料。)。
    作业二:操作
    针对新公司的运作,准备一份3到5页的文档,哪些是达到目标最关键的成功因素?如何在创业计划中反映出这些优势,并且在所建立这家公司的重要方面体现这些优势?
    例如,如何寻求雇员,需要什么样的人?如何开发产品,建立一支销售队伍,建立分销伙伴关系,选择合适的地址,创造正面的舆论,保护知识产权以及生产产品?在这个过程中关键的风险是什么?这家新公司如何在长时间内大量生产?简而言之,详细描述这家公司从今后到两年后、五年后以及将来的运作方式。仔细进行财务估算,以透彻把握这家公司如何从收入、销售量、客户以及其他推动因素上取得长足发展。
    作业三:团队
    完成2到3页的小结,说明本队队员具备在创造这家公司中所需的能力,并说明公司发展过程中所需的主要人员的分工情况。人们常说风险投资家们其实不是在向想法投资,而是向“人”投资。用单独的一页纸说明公司的创立团队中每个成员在公司中所拥有的资产。如果需要外来资金,用一段话说明本团队将出让多少所有权以换取资金。
    作业四:财务
    完成一份完整财务分析,包括对公司的价值评估。必须保证所有的可能性都考虑到了。财务分析量化本公司的收入目标和公司战略。要求详细而精确地考虑实现公司所需要的资金。
    作业五:创业计划(完整)
    递交完整的创业计划,需要封面、目录和一份最终的执行总结(EXECUTIVE SUMMARY)。一份下一步的操作方法和一封简短的对关键风险的估计。完整的创业计划包括下述主要部分:市场和战略、操作、团队以及财务分析,还包括其他对本计划面向的对象有用的信息和展示:创业者、潜在的投资人、顾问、潜在的客户和伙伴、雇员甚至配偶和家庭成员。
    4.3.4.4  第四阶段:答辩陈词和反馈(各15分钟)
    ² 答辩陈词(15分钟):(可用多媒体进行展示答辩陈词)答辩陈词必须围绕创业计划的核心部分进行阐述。所谓核心是指创业团队提出的核心技术产品/服务具有什么样的独占性(领先性)以及领先的时间,它能满足顾客什么样的需求,顾客为什么会购买你的产品/服务。你用何种方式将你的产品/服务送到顾客的手中。你将如何面对市场的竞争。公司将如何融资,股权结构如何,资金如何运用,资金推出的方式怎样;如何获取可观利润。团队成员如何保障公司的经营与管理水平参与市场竞争,主要的风险是什么,如何规避这些风险,紧急应急计划与措施等等。同时可以提供创业计划的摘要、产品的实物/服务模型、专利批准号、技术授权书等辅助材料向评委进行展示。
    ² 评委反馈(15分钟):评委和风险投资家将根据你的创业计划报告和答辩陈词,以及市场状况、营销计划、团队管理、公司经营、风险财务、收益等方面提出评委关心和感兴趣的问题。你必须有针对性地清楚简要回答这些提问。(评委将会利用有限的时间提出他们各自感兴趣的问题,因此不要在一个问题上花过多的时间进行没有重点和针对性的阐述。这样其他评委想问的问题就没有时间进行。进而会影响评委对你的评价。)
    作业五:创业计划答辩
    准备15分钟的答辩以推销你的创业机会。这是为了提供第一次(也许是最后一次)机会来向一群投资家推销你的公司。陈词应当强调公司的关键因素,但这并不是创业计划的执行总结用口头方式表达出来。用看得见的一些东西吸引听众。用简洁的市场分析和可靠的数据来给投资家留下深刻的印象。准备应付听众对计划的显著特性问题。


    参考: “挑战杯”中国大学生创业计划竞赛决赛评审表
    作品名称:                        作品编号:                    
    答辩时间:                        答辩组别:                    
    评分组成 所占比例 评分条目 所占比例 评分等级 得分
    0 1 2 3 4 5
    正式陈述 55% 产品/服务 10%
    市场分析 10%
    公司战略及营销策略 10%
    团队能力和经营管理 10%
    企业经济/财务状况 5%
    融资方案和回报 5%
    关键的风险及问题的分析 5%
    回答提问 30% 正确理解评为提问 5%
    及时流畅作出回答 5%
    回答内容准确可信 10%
    对评委感兴趣的方面能作充分阐述 10%
    团队整体表现 15% 整体答辩的逻辑性及清晰程度 5%
    团队成员协作配合 5%
    在规定时间内完成 5%
    最           后            得           分

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