谁能用英语说下中西方婚礼的区别是什么?

谁能用英语说下中西方婚礼的区别是什么?
09-01-07  小巴巴熊 发布
2个回答
时间
投票
  • 0

    买不买

    传说一

          在古罗马时期,二月十四日是为表示对约娜的尊敬而设的节日。约娜是罗马众神的皇后,罗马人同时将她尊奉为妇女和婚姻之神。接下来的二月十五日则被称为“卢帕撒拉节”,是用来对约娜治下的其他众神表示尊敬的节日。  

          在古罗马,年轻人和少女的生活是被严格分开的。然而,在卢帕撒拉节,小伙子们可以选择一个自己心爱的姑娘的名字刻在花瓶上。这样,过节的时候,小伙子就可以与自己选择的姑娘一起跳舞,庆祝节日。如果被选中的姑娘也对小伙子有意的话,他们便可一直配对,而且最终他们会坠入爱河并一起步入教堂结婚。后人为此而将每年的二月十四日定为情人节。  

    传说二

          情人节在英语里的叫法是ST. VALENTINE'S DAY (原意为:“圣瓦伦丁节”)。从字面上来看,很难看出中西方叫法之间有什么联系。这里面隐藏着一个动人的故事。公元三世纪时,古罗马有一位暴君叫克劳多斯(CLAUDIUS)。当时,古罗马内外战争频仍,为了补足兵员,暴君下令:凡是一定年龄的男子,都必须进入军队为国家效劳。自此,丈夫离开妻子,少年离开恋人,整个罗马笼罩在绵长的相思中。然而,暴政禁止不了爱情。离暴君的宫殿不远,有一座非常漂亮的神庙。修士瓦沦丁(VALENTINE)就住在这里。罗马人非常崇敬他,男女老幼,不论贫富贵贱,总会群集在他的周围,在祭坛的熊熊圣火前,聆听瓦沦丁的祈祷。  

          古罗马的战事一直连绵不断,暴君克劳多斯征召了大批公民前往战场,人们怨声载道。男人们不愿意离开家庭,小伙子们不忍与情人分开。克劳多斯暴跳如雷,他传令人们不许举行婚礼,甚至连所有已订了婚的也马上要解除婚约。许多年轻人就这样告别爱人,悲愤地走向战场。年轻的姑娘们也由于失去爱侣,抑郁神伤。  

          瓦伦丁对暴君的虐行感到非常难过。当一对情侣来到神庙请求他的帮助时,瓦伦帝尼在神圣的祭坛前为它们悄悄地举行了婚礼。人们一传十,十传百,很多人来到这里,在瓦沦丁的帮助下结成伴侣。消息终于传进了宫殿,传到了暴君的耳里。克劳多斯又一次暴跳如雷,他命令士兵们冲进神庙,将瓦沦丁从一对正在举行婚礼的新人身旁拖走,投入地牢。人们苦苦哀求暴君的劾免,但都徒劳而返。瓦沦丁终于在地牢里受尽折磨而死。  

          悲伤的朋友们将他安葬于圣普拉教堂。那一天是2月14日,那一年是公元270年。  

    传说三

          传说中瓦伦丁是最早的基督徒之一,那个时代做一名基督徒意味着危险和死亡。为掩护其他殉教者,瓦沦丁被抓住,投入了监牢。在那里他治愈了典狱长女儿失明的双眼。当暴君听到着一奇迹时,他感到非常害怕,于是将瓦沦丁斩首示众。据传说,在行刑的那一天早晨,瓦沦丁给典狱长的女儿写了一封情意绵绵的告别信,落款是:FROM YOUR VALENTINE (寄自你的瓦伦丁)。当天,盲女在他墓前种了一棵开红花的杏树,以寄托自己的情思,这一天就是2月14日。

          自此以后,基督教便把2月14日定为情人节。

    传说四

          历史学家们更愿意刨根揪底,他们关于情人节的演绎似乎令人信服。其实远远早于公元270年,当罗马城刚刚奠基时,周围还是一片荒野,成群的狼四处游荡。在罗马人崇拜的众神中,畜牧神卢波库斯(LUPERCUS)掌管着对牧羊人和羊群的保护。每年二月中,罗马人会举行盛大的典礼来庆祝牧神节。那时的日历与现在相比,要稍微晚一些,所以牧神节实际上是对即将来临的春天的庆祝。也有人说这个节日是庆祝法乌努斯神(FAUNUS),它类似于古希腊人身羊足,头上有角的潘神( PAN ),主管畜牧和农业。  

          牧神节的起源实在是过于久远了,连公元前一世纪的学者们都无法确认。但是这一节日的重要性是不容置疑的。  

          例如史料记载,安东尼(MARK ANTONY)就是在公元前44年的牧神节上将王冠授与凯撒(JULIUS CAESAR)的。  

          每年的二月十五日,修士们会聚集在罗马城中巴沦丁PALANTINE)山上的一个洞穴旁,据说在这里,古罗马城的奠基者(ROMILUS ANDREMUS)被一只母狼扶育长大。在节日的各项庆典中,有一项是年轻的贵族们,手持羊皮鞭,在街道上奔跑。年轻妇女们会聚集在街道两旁,祈望羊皮鞭抽打到她们头上。人们相信这样会使她们更容易生儿育女。在拉丁语中,羊皮鞭被叫做 FEBRUA,鞭打叫做 FABRUATIO, 实际上都含有“纯洁”的意思。二月的名字(FEBRUARY)就是由此而来。  

          随着罗马势力在欧洲的扩张,牧神节的习俗被带到了现在的法国和英国等地。人们最乐此不疲的一项节日活动类似于摸彩。年轻女子们的名字被放置于盒子内,然后年轻男子上前抽取。抽中的一对男女成为情人,时间是一年或更长。  

          基督教的兴起使人们纪念众神的习俗逐渐淡漠。教士们不希望人们放弃节日的欢乐,于是将牧神节(LUPERCALIA)改成瓦沦丁节( VALENTINE'S DAY),并移至二月十四日。这样,关于瓦沦丁修士的传说和古老的节日就被自然地结合在一起。这一节日在中世纪的英国最为流行。未婚男女的名字被抽出后,他们会互相交换礼物,女子在这一年内成为男子的VALENTINE。  在男子的衣袖上会绣上女子的名字,照顾和保护该女子于是成为该男子的神圣职责。  

           教皇在大约公元498年宣布2月14日是情人节。罗马人的这种婚配方式被基督教徒认为是不合法的。中世纪时,在英国和法国,通常认为2月14日是鸟交配的季节。因此就把此日增加了一个内容,那就是它应该是一个浪漫的日子。最早的情人节礼物是奥尔良的公爵,查理斯在伦敦塔狱中写给他妻子的诗。因为他在AGINCOURT战役中被俘虏了。现在这个写于1415年的祝福被收藏在伦敦的大英博物馆。几年以后,英皇亨利五世雇JOHN LYDGATE写了一首曲子给CATHERINE OF VALOIS作为情人节礼物。

    最早的情人节

          有史可查的现代意义上的瓦伦丁情人是在十五世纪早期。法国年轻的奥尔良大公在阿根科特(AGINCOURT)战役中被英军俘虏,然后被关在伦敦塔中很多年。他写给妻子很多首情诗,大约60首保存至今。用鲜花做瓦沦丁节的信物在大约两百年后出现。法王亨利四世(HENRY IV)的一个女儿在瓦沦丁节举行了一个盛大的晚会。所有女士从选中她做VALENTINE的男士那里获得一束鲜花。  

          就这样,延续着古老的意大利,法国和英国习俗, 们得以在每年的二月十四日向自己的朋友传递爱的信息。鲜花,心形糖果,用花边和摺穗掩盖了送物人名字的信物,不仅仅是代表着一份份真挚的爱,更是对敢于反抗暴政的瓦伦丁修士的最好缅怀。

    情人节,又叫圣瓦伦丁节或圣华伦泰节(ST. VALENTINE'S DAY),即每年的2月14日,是西方的传统节日之一。男女在这一天互送巧克力、贺卡和花,用以表达爱意或友好,现已成为欧美各国青年人喜爱的节日。大概这世上有多少情人就有多少关于情人节来历的诠释吧。和中国人现在用近乎狂热的热情过起了圣诞节一样,情人节也已经悄悄渗透到了无数年轻人的心目当中,成为中国传统节日之外的又一个重要节日。
       
         在 国,农历七月初七的夜晚,天气温暖,草木飘香,这就是人们俗称的七夕节(中国情人节),也有人称之为“乞巧节”或“女儿节”,这是中国传统节日中最浪漫的节日,也是过去姑娘们最为重视的日子。她们对着天空的朗朗明月,摆上时令瓜果,朝天祭拜,乞求天上的女神能赋予她们聪慧的心灵和灵巧的双手,更乞求能得到美满的姻缘。

    09-01-07 | 添加评论 | 打赏

    评论读取中....

  • 0

    099990

    A legend



            In ancient Rome, February 14 is expressed about the respect of Na-based festival. Na about the Roman gods of the Queen, the Romans at the same time, she was enshrined as the god of women and marriage. February 15 next was referred to as "卢帕撒拉Festival", is used under the rule of about Na respect other gods holiday.



            In ancient Rome, the young and the lives of adolescent girls are strictly separated. However, in卢帕撒拉festival, a young man who can choose his beloved girl's name engraved on the vase. In this way, the holidays, the young man can be with the girl of their choice with the dancers to celebrate the festival. If selected for the young girl is also interested, they could have been paired, but eventually they will fall in love and married to walk into the church together. Future generations will end February 14 every year for Valentine's Day.



    Legend II



            Valentine's Day in English where it is called ST. VALENTINE'S DAY (intent to read: "St. Valentine's Day"). Literally, it is difficult to see in the West have anything to do with contact name. This is hidden inside a moving story. When the third century AD, ancient Rome, a tyrant named Crowe Doss (CLAUDIUS). At that time, ancient Rome and outside the war, in order to supplement the troops, ordered a tyrant: a certain age all men must serve for the country to enter the army. Since then, her husband walks out on his wife, young lovers to leave, the whole long shrouded in Rome in the Acacia. However, the tyranny of the prohibition can not love. Not far from the tyrant's palace, there is a very beautiful temple. Xiu Ding士瓦theory (VALENTINE) lived here. Rome are very revered him, men, women and children, rich or poor or low, there will always cluster around in his, in the altar before the flaming torch to listen to prayers Valentine.



            Ancient Rome, the war has been continuous, tyrant Clausius Doss recruited a large number of residents going to the battlefield, it is heard everywhere. The men do not want to leave the family, boys and Lovers can not bear to separate. Crowe Doss rage, he ordered people not to hold a wedding, and even all of it has been engaged immediately to the dissolution of marriage. In this way many young people bid farewell to love, grief and indignation towards the battlefield. Young girls are also due to the loss of lovers, depression grief.



            Valentine on the tyrant of the child line feel very sorry. When a pair of lovers came to ask him to help the Parthenon, the Wallen Frattini in the holy altar of the former for their wedding ceremony was held quietly. It is a spread of 100, many people come here, in Valentine the help of partnering. Chuan news has finally entered the palace, spread to the tyrant's ears. Crowe Doss once again fly into a rage, he ordered the soldiers stormed into the temple will be Valentine from a wedding being held next to the new towed away, into a dungeon. Begging people to impeach the tyrant-free, but all in vain and back. Valentine finally had been tortured and died in prison.



            Sadness of his friends buried in the Church of St. Pula. That day is February 14, in the year 270 AD.



    Legend III



            Valentine legend is one of the earliest Christians, the era of being a Christian means that the danger and death. The cover of other martyrs, Valentine was caught, put in jail. Where he cured the blind daughter of the governor's eyes. When the tyrant of a miracle to hear, he was very scared and they will be Valentine be publicly beheaded. According to legend, in the execution of that day morning, Valentine to the governor's daughter, wrote a farewell letter情意绵绵, is inscribed: FROM YOUR VALENTINE (sent from your Valentine). The Blind Girl, he opened the tomb of safflower planted the apricot tree in order to place his own emotion, this day is February 14.



            Since then, the Christian then February 14 as Valentine's Day.



    Legend of the four



           刨根historians are more willing to pull the end, they perform on Valentine's Day seems convincing. In fact, much earlier than 270 AD, when the city of Rome has just laid the foundation stone, the surrounding or a wilderness, flocks of wolves wander. In Rome, people worship the gods, the animal husbandry卢波库斯God (LUPERCUS) in charge of a flock of shepherds and protection. Each year in February in Rome, who will hold a grand ceremony to celebrate the festival Faun. At the time, the calendar and now, compared to a little later, so Faun festival is actually to celebrate the coming of spring. It was also noted that this festival is to celebrate God乌努斯law (FAUNUS), it is similar to the ancient Greek personal sheep feet, head horned god Pan (PAN), in charge of animal husbandry and agriculture.



            Faun the origin of the festival is far too long, and even the first century BC Scholars are unable to confirm. But the importance of this festival is indisputable.



            For example, historical records, Anthony (MARK ANTONY) is in BC for 44 years Faun Festival will crown granted Caesar (JULIUS CAESAR)'s.



            February 15 each year, the monks will gather in the city of Rome CMB theory Ding PALANTINE) a cave near the mountains, it is said here, the ancient city of Rome founder (ROMILUS ANDREMUS) by a she-wolf help infertile grow. In the ceremony of the festival, a young aristocrat who, armed with whips sheep, running in the streets. Young women who will be gathered in the street, pray for the sheep to their heads beaten with whips. This will make people believe that their children more easily. In Latin, the sheep was called whips FEBRUA, whipping called FABRUATIO, in fact, there are elements of "pure" means. Feb name (FEBRUARY) is resulting.



            As the Roman expansion of forces in Europe, Good God was taken to the customs section of the present France and the United Kingdom. It is the most enthusiastic participants of a similar festival activities sweepstakes. Young woman's name was placed in a box and then taken the young man. Selected a pair of men and women become lovers, time is one year or longer.



            Christ

    09-01-09 | 添加评论 | 打赏

    评论读取中....

精华知识
更多  
意见反馈 帮助