华夏文化圈怎样形成以及形成有什么意义

哪位仁兄啊  江湖救急啊
09-11-14  匿名提问 发布
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    dzf2015

    距今约四五千年,我国黄河流域和长江流域,活动着许多部落.炎帝和黄帝,是我国古老传说中黄河流域著名的部落首领.那时候,部落之间经常发生战争.东方有强大的蚩尤部落,相传他们以铜作兵器,勇猛异常.黄帝部落联合炎帝部落,在诼鹿一战中大败蚩尤.从此,炎帝、黄帝部落结成联盟,经过长期发展,形成日后的华夏族。
      古代中华民族创造的文化。华夏是中国和汉族的古称。“华”意为荣,“夏”意为中国之人,即中原之人。
      新石器时期,在黄河中、下游地区,出现了仰韶文化和龙山文化。前者是以手制泥质红陶和夹砂红陶上具有彩绘和绳纹为特色,称为彩陶文化;后者以轮制黑陶为特色,称之为黑陶文化。一个是代表原始农业的母系氏族社会,一个是代表农业、手工业、建筑业和冶铜业已有明显发展和开始的奴隶社会。它们分别出现于公元前5000~前3000年与公元前2900~前2000年。传说中的黄帝、尧、舜是该阶段后期的代表人物,表示已转入父系氏族部落和部落联盟的初期国家阶段。传说人物来源不一,反映各氏族部落的融合过程 。它代表华夏文化核心区的出现。
      从公元前21世纪以后、相继出现了夏、商、西周几个王朝。它使黄河支流的汾、伊、洛、渭至河济之间及附近地区不同部落经过接近、交往、斗争、融合,形成华夏文化的核心区,并作为凝聚核向长江中、下游的大溪文化、河姆渡文化地区与北方的红山文化地区扩散并逐渐进行整合,最终纳入华夏文化。
      公元前221年秦始皇兼并封建诸侯造成的长期纷争而留下的六国,统一了诸夏,开创了以后延续了2000多年的封建王朝专制主义的中央集权。由于秦采取了车同轨、书同文、立郡县和确定度量衡的标准等政策,对华夏文化扩散与华夏文化圈的形成起着关键性作用。
      从秦把岭南收入版图以后,汉民多次大规模地向长江、珠江以及云贵地区移民,不仅带去了先进的生产技术,而且也带去了中原的华夏文化。当地的土著民族,由于与汉族混居,除西南的山区以外,大多接受中原文化,经过长期的融合过程,成为华夏文化的组成部分。
      在北方,由于北面与西北都是干旱的草原与沙漠,当地居民以游牧为主。其南面的汉族则以农为业。由于人口压力、气候变化以及征战和防守的需要,汉人向北垦殖、北方少数民族南下牧马,往往产生边境地区的相互斗争与掠夺。但是,双方经济上的互补产生的往来却是基本的。由于游牧民族善骑射、机动性强,往往越长城,进入中原。在东晋、南北朝、五代以及宋代时,游牧民族大量进入边境与北方,并且建立一些不同地域的政权。元、清两代,蒙古与满族还建立全国性的政权。在这种民族与文化的大融合过程中,给华夏文化注入新的血液、赋予新的动力、形成新的整合。此外,与新疆、西藏地区,从汉、唐以后,由于民族迁移、政治与经济等原因,不仅彼此文化上有密切联系,而且使华夏文化有所扩大。
      华夏文化的发展与扩大是在汉族与周边民族不断交流、融合和整合过程中得以实现的。它不仅成为中国范围内的主体文化,而且对周边国家如日本、朝鲜、越南等国文化有深远影响,其共同所在地域被称为儒家文化圈,而且还通过华人的海外移民而带到世界各地。它的造纸术、指南针、火药、印刷术四大发明,对世界文化发展起了重要作用。
      尽管春秋战国时有诸子百家,后来有儒释道,但是从汉时董仲舒“独尊儒术,罢黜百家”以后,儒家思想居于统治地位。它的以“仁”为中心,对个人要求“一日三省吾身”,“己所不欲,勿施于人”;对周围的人,要“孝、悌、忠、信”;对个人、家庭、国家和社会,则要求“格物、致知、诚意、正心,修身、齐家、治国平天下”。这一套完整的思想和行为准则成为华夏文化核心,也是与世界上其他文化的重要差别。曾邦哲《结构论》从人类文明演化历史看,提出诸子百家及3教9流是早期的学科分类体系,儒家、法家、兵家等偏于政治军事与伦理领域,墨家、道家、医家和农家等偏于自然工艺与逻辑等领域,还禅家、杂家、书画家等偏于人文艺术等领域。
      汉语和文字亦是华夏文化的重要特征。汉语是世界上使用人数最多的语言。其中包括的方言有北方方言、吴方言、湘方言、赣方言、客家方言、闽方言和粤方言。尽管彼此互通性较差,但文字的统一却弥补了此缺点,对华夏文化的统一作出了贡献。汉字的方块具有特殊的笔画,而且一字一义、一字一音节、加上声调不同、同音多字使其文学形式丰富多彩,在书写上也成为一种艺术。
      由于华夏文化包括的地域辽阔,各地环境差异较大,戏曲、饮食、建筑等都在具有共同特征基础上出现各种唱腔与乐器调合的地方戏,酸、甜、咸、辣、风味不同的菜系以及各具地方特色的民居。在节日上,春节是其文化区内的共同节日。

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    050283

    Just over Siwuqiannian, China Yellow River and the Yangtze River, the activities of many tribes. Yan Di and Huang Di, is an ancient legend of China's famous Yellow River Basin tribal leaders. At that time, frequent wars between tribes. The East has a strong Chiyou tribes, according to legend they are copper for weapons, brave exception. Joint Yan Emperor Huangdi tribe tribe, in a battle complain deer defeat Chi You. Since then, the Yan Emperor, Huangdi tribal alliance, after a long-term development, the formation of the future Huaxia.

    The creation of ancient Chinese culture. China and the Han Chinese in ancient times known. "Hua" meaning proud, "Summer" means China, that the Central Plains of the people.

    The Neolithic period, in the Yellow River in the lower reaches, there has been Yangshao and the Longshan culture. The former is based on hand-made terra-cotta and coarse terra-cotta clay that has painted and Jomon features, known as the painted pottery culture; the latter featuring black pottery wheel system, known as black pottery culture. On behalf of a primitive agriculture, matriarchal society, one representative of agriculture, handicrafts, construction and Ye Tong has been a clear development and the beginning of slave society. They appeared in the pre-3000 BC and 5000 BC ~ 2900 ~ pre-2000. The legendary Yellow Emperor, Yao, Shun is the representative of the late stage that has been transferred to patrilineal tribes and tribal alliance early national phase. Legendary figures from diverse sources, reflecting the various tribes of the integration process. It represents the emergence of the core area of Chinese culture.

    From the 21 century BC, have appeared in Xia, Shang, Western Zhou dynasty a few. It makes the Yellow River tributaries, Fen, Iran, Luo, Wei to Ho Chi nearby areas and between different tribes through close contacts, struggle, integration, forming the core area of Chinese culture and as a pool of nuclear to the Yangtze River middle and lower reaches of the Dasi Culture, Hemudu culture Hongshan culture of the region and the northern region and gradually integrate the proliferation and eventual integration into Chinese culture.

    221 BC Qin Shi Huang's long-term annexation disputes caused by the feudal lords, leaving behind the six countries, the unification of Zhu Xia, created after the renewal of the 2000 years of despotism of the centralized feudal dynasty. As the Qin Dynasty to the car with the track, the book with the text, legislative counties and determine the standards of weights and measures policy on the proliferation of Chinese culture and China plays a key role in the formation of cultural circle.

    From the Qin to the territory of the Lingnan income after the Han several large-scale to the Yangtze River, Pearl River and the Yunnan-Guizhou area immigrants brought not only the advanced production technology, but also brought in the Central Plains of Chinese Culture. The local indigenous peoples, as mixed with the Han, in addition to the southwest beyond the mountains, most of them accept the Central Plains culture, and after long-term integration process has become an integral part of Chinese culture.

    In the north, due to both the north and north-west arid steppe and desert, the local residents mainly nomadic. The south of the Han Ze Yi agriculture as a career. Due to population pressure, climate change and the need for expedition and defensively, Han reclamation north, south to the north of minorities Wrangler, often resulting in the border areas of mutual struggle and plunder. However, the two economies complement each other on the contacts generated is essential. As the nomads of good riding and shooting, mobile, often the more the Great Wall, entered the Central Plains. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Song Dynasty, Five Dynasties and the Song Dynasty, the nomadic people poured into the border and the north, and the establishment of a number of different geographic regimes. Yuan and Qing dynasties, Mongolia and the Manchus also established a national regime. In this great nation and culture, integration of the process, to the Chinese culture to inject new blood, to give new impetus to the formation of a new integration. In addition, Xinjiang, Tibet, from the Han, Tang, because of the national migration, political and economic and other reasons, not only closely linked to each other culturally, but also the expansion of Chinese culture.

    Chinese cultural development and expansion of the Han with its neighboring nations in the constant communication, integration and consolidation process can be realized. It is not only within the main body of China's culture, but also for neighboring countries such as Japan, Korea, Vietnam and other countries have far-reaching cultural influence, and its co-located area known as the Confucian cultural sphere, but also through the overseas Chinese immigrants brought to the world . It papermaking, the compass, gunpowder, printing four great inventions of the world culture played an important role.

    Although the Spring and Autumn when philosophers 100, then there are Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, but from the Han Dong's "priority Confucianism, deposed 100" In the future, Confucian thought long dominated. It is the theme of "benevolence" as the center, individual requirements "on the 1st three provinces Wu Shen", "way others have behaved, do not impose on others"; right people around to "filial piety, fraternal duty, loyalty, the letter"; of personal , the family, state and society, calls for "investigation of things, Munetomo, sincerity, Zhengxintai, self-cultivation, regulating the family, governing the country under Heaven." This is a complete set of ideas and codes of conduct to become the core of Chinese culture, but also with the rest of the world the importance of cultural differences. Zeng Bangzhe "structural theory" from a historical point of view the evolution of human civilization made philosophers to teach 9 100 and 3 flow is an early subject classification system, Confucianism, Legalism, military strategists such as biased towards political-military and ethics field, Mohism, Taoism, Doctors and farmers such as biased towards the areas of natural processes and logic, but also Zen home, miscellaneous home, painters and calligraphers such as biased towards the Arts and Humanities and other fields.

    Chinese language and writing is also an important feature of Chinese culture. Chinese is the world's most widely used language. These include the Northern dialect dialect, Wu dialect, Hunan dialect, Gan dialect, Hakka dialects, Fujian dialect and Cantonese dialects. Despite the poor interoperability with each other, but the unity of the text but makes up for this shortcoming, the unity of Chinese culture to make a contribution. The box has a special character strokes, and the word a meaning, the word one syllable, plus tone is different from its homonym literary form more colorful characters in her books has also become an art.

    As the Chinese culture includes a vast territory, the different environments around the large, opera, food, architecture and so on the basis of common features that have appeared on a variety of singing and musical instruments blending of the local opera, sour, sweet, salty, spicy flavor is a different cuisine as well as residential areas with local characteristics. In the festival, the Spring Festival is a festival of their culture and a common area.距今约四五千年,我国黄河流域和长江流域,活动着许多部落.炎帝和黄帝,是我国古老传说中黄河流域著名的部落首领.那时候,部落之间经常发生战争.东方有强大的蚩尤部落,相传他们以铜作兵器,勇猛异常.黄帝部落联合炎帝部落,在诼鹿一战中大败蚩尤.从此,炎帝、黄帝部落结成联盟,经过长期发展,形成日后的华夏族。
      古代中华民族创造的文化。华夏是中国和汉族的古称。“华”意为荣,“夏”意为中国之人,即中原之人。
      新石器时期,在黄河中、下游地区,出现了仰韶文化和龙山文化。前者是以手制泥质红陶和夹砂红陶上具有彩绘和绳纹为特色,称为彩陶文化;后者以轮制黑陶为特色,称之为黑陶文化。一个是代表原始农业的母系氏族社会,一个是代表农业、手工业、建筑业和冶铜业已有明显发展和开始的奴隶社会。它们分别出现于公元前5000~前3000年与公元前2900~前2000年。传说中的黄帝、尧、舜是该阶段后期的代表人物,表示已转入父系氏族部落和部落联盟的初期国家阶段。传说人物来源不一,反映各氏族部落的融合过程 。它代表华夏文化核心区的出现。
      从公元前21世纪以后、相继出现了夏、商、西周几个王朝。它使黄河支流的汾、伊、洛、渭至河济之间及附近地区不同部落经过接近、交往、斗争、融合,形成华夏文化的核心区,并作为凝聚核向长江中、下游的大溪文化、河姆渡文化地区与北方的红山文化地区扩散并逐渐进行整合,最终纳入华夏文化。
      公元前221年秦始皇兼并封建诸侯造成的长期纷争而留下的六国,统一了诸夏,开创了以后延续了2000多年的封建王朝专制主义的中央集权。由于秦采取了车同轨、书同文、立郡县和确定度量衡的标准等政策,对华夏文化扩散与华夏文化圈的形成起着关键性作用。
      从秦把岭南收入版图以后,汉民多次大规模地向长江、珠江以及云贵地区移民,不仅带去了先进的生产技术,而且也带去了中原的华夏文化。当地的土著民族,由于与汉族混居,除西南的山区以外,大多接受中原文化,经过长期的融合过程,成为华夏文化的组成部分。
      在北方,由于北面与西北都是干旱的草原与沙漠,当地居民以游牧为主。其南面的汉族则以农为业。由于人口压力、气候变化以及征战和防守的需要,汉人向北垦殖、北方少数民族南下牧马,往往产生边境地区的相互斗争与掠夺。但是,双方经济上的互补产生的往来却是基本的。由于游牧民族善骑射、机动性强,往往越长城,进入中原。在东晋、南北朝、五代以及宋代时,游牧民族大量进入边境与北方,并且建立一些不同地域的政权。元、清两代,蒙古与满族还建立全国性的政权。在这种民族与文化的大融合过程中,给华夏文化注入新的血液、赋予新的动力、形成新的整合。此外,与新疆、西藏地区,从汉、唐以后,由于民族迁移、政治与经济等原因,不仅彼此文化上有密切联系,而且使华夏文化有所扩大。
      华夏文化的发展与扩大是在汉族与周边民族不断交流、融合和整合过程中得以实现的。它不仅成为中国范围内的主体文化,而且对周边国家如日本、朝鲜、越南等国文化有深远影响,其共同所在地域被称为儒家文化圈,而且还通过华人的海外移民而带到世界各地。它的造纸术、指南针、火药、印刷术四大发明,对世界文化发展起了重要作用。
      尽管春秋战国时有诸子百家,后来有儒释道,但是从汉时董仲舒“独尊儒术,罢黜百家”以后,儒家思想居于统治地位。它的以“仁”为中心,对个人要求“一日三省吾身”,“己所不欲,勿施于人”;对周围的人,要“孝、悌、忠、信”;对个人、家庭、国家和社会,则要求“格物、致知、诚意、正心,修身、齐家、治国平天下”。这一套完整的思想和行为准则成为华夏文化核心,也是与世界上其他文化的重要差别。曾邦哲《结构论》从人类文明演化历史看,提出诸子百家及3教9流是早期的学科分类体系,儒家、法家、兵家等偏于政治军事与伦理领域,墨家、道家、医家和农家等偏于自然工艺与逻辑等领域,还禅家、杂家、书画家等偏于人文艺术等领域。
      汉语和文字亦是华夏文化的重要特征。汉语是世界上使用人数最多的语言。其中包括的方言有北方方言、吴方言、湘方言、赣方言、客家方言、闽方言和粤方言。尽管彼此互通性较差,但文字的统一却弥补了此缺点,对华夏文化的统一作出了贡献。汉字的方块具有特殊的笔画,而且一字一义、一字一音节、加上声调不同、同音多字使其文学形式丰富多彩,在书写上也成为一种艺术。
      由于华夏文化包括的地域辽阔,各地环境差异较大,戏曲、饮食、建筑等都在具有共同特征基础上出现各种唱腔与乐器调合的地方戏,酸、甜、咸、辣、风味不同的菜系以及各具地方特色的民居。在节日上,春节是其文化区内的共同节日。

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