Just over Siwuqiannian, China Yellow River and the Yangtze River, the activities of many tribes. Yan Di and Huang Di, is an ancient legend of China's famous Yellow River Basin tribal leaders. At that time, frequent wars between tribes. The East has a strong Chiyou tribes, according to legend they are copper for weapons, brave exception. Joint Yan Emperor Huangdi tribe tribe, in a battle complain deer defeat Chi You. Since then, the Yan Emperor, Huangdi tribal alliance, after a long-term development, the formation of the future Huaxia.
The creation of ancient Chinese culture. China and the Han Chinese in ancient times known. "Hua" meaning proud, "Summer" means China, that the Central Plains of the people.
The Neolithic period, in the Yellow River in the lower reaches, there has been Yangshao and the Longshan culture. The former is based on hand-made terra-cotta and coarse terra-cotta clay that has painted and Jomon features, known as the painted pottery culture; the latter featuring black pottery wheel system, known as black pottery culture. On behalf of a primitive agriculture, matriarchal society, one representative of agriculture, handicrafts, construction and Ye Tong has been a clear development and the beginning of slave society. They appeared in the pre-3000 BC and 5000 BC ~ 2900 ~ pre-2000. The legendary Yellow Emperor, Yao, Shun is the representative of the late stage that has been transferred to patrilineal tribes and tribal alliance early national phase. Legendary figures from diverse sources, reflecting the various tribes of the integration process. It represents the emergence of the core area of Chinese culture.
From the 21 century BC, have appeared in Xia, Shang, Western Zhou dynasty a few. It makes the Yellow River tributaries, Fen, Iran, Luo, Wei to Ho Chi nearby areas and between different tribes through close contacts, struggle, integration, forming the core area of Chinese culture and as a pool of nuclear to the Yangtze River middle and lower reaches of the Dasi Culture, Hemudu culture Hongshan culture of the region and the northern region and gradually integrate the proliferation and eventual integration into Chinese culture.
221 BC Qin Shi Huang's long-term annexation disputes caused by the feudal lords, leaving behind the six countries, the unification of Zhu Xia, created after the renewal of the 2000 years of despotism of the centralized feudal dynasty. As the Qin Dynasty to the car with the track, the book with the text, legislative counties and determine the standards of weights and measures policy on the proliferation of Chinese culture and China plays a key role in the formation of cultural circle.
From the Qin to the territory of the Lingnan income after the Han several large-scale to the Yangtze River, Pearl River and the Yunnan-Guizhou area immigrants brought not only the advanced production technology, but also brought in the Central Plains of Chinese Culture. The local indigenous peoples, as mixed with the Han, in addition to the southwest beyond the mountains, most of them accept the Central Plains culture, and after long-term integration process has become an integral part of Chinese culture.
In the north, due to both the north and north-west arid steppe and desert, the local residents mainly nomadic. The south of the Han Ze Yi agriculture as a career. Due to population pressure, climate change and the need for expedition and defensively, Han reclamation north, south to the north of minorities Wrangler, often resulting in the border areas of mutual struggle and plunder. However, the two economies complement each other on the contacts generated is essential. As the nomads of good riding and shooting, mobile, often the more the Great Wall, entered the Central Plains. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Song Dynasty, Five Dynasties and the Song Dynasty, the nomadic people poured into the border and the north, and the establishment of a number of different geographic regimes. Yuan and Qing dynasties, Mongolia and the Manchus also established a national regime. In this great nation and culture, integration of the process, to the Chinese culture to inject new blood, to give new impetus to the formation of a new integration. In addition, Xinjiang, Tibet, from the Han, Tang, because of the national migration, political and economic and other reasons, not only closely linked to each other culturally, but also the expansion of Chinese culture.
Chinese cultural development and expansion of the Han with its neighboring nations in the constant communication, integration and consolidation process can be realized. It is not only within the main body of China's culture, but also for neighboring countries such as Japan, Korea, Vietnam and other countries have far-reaching cultural influence, and its co-located area known as the Confucian cultural sphere, but also through the overseas Chinese immigrants brought to the world . It papermaking, the compass, gunpowder, printing four great inventions of the world culture played an important role.
Although the Spring and Autumn when philosophers 100, then there are Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, but from the Han Dong's "priority Confucianism, deposed 100" In the future, Confucian thought long dominated. It is the theme of "benevolence" as the center, individual requirements "on the 1st three provinces Wu Shen", "way others have behaved, do not impose on others"; right people around to "filial piety, fraternal duty, loyalty, the letter"; of personal , the family, state and society, calls for "investigation of things, Munetomo, sincerity, Zhengxintai, self-cultivation, regulating the family, governing the country under Heaven." This is a complete set of ideas and codes of conduct to become the core of Chinese culture, but also with the rest of the world the importance of cultural differences. Zeng Bangzhe "structural theory" from a historical point of view the evolution of human civilization made philosophers to teach 9 100 and 3 flow is an early subject classification system, Confucianism, Legalism, military strategists such as biased towards political-military and ethics field, Mohism, Taoism, Doctors and farmers such as biased towards the areas of natural processes and logic, but also Zen home, miscellaneous home, painters and calligraphers such as biased towards the Arts and Humanities and other fields.
Chinese language and writing is also an important feature of Chinese culture. Chinese is the world's most widely used language. These include the Northern dialect dialect, Wu dialect, Hunan dialect, Gan dialect, Hakka dialects, Fujian dialect and Cantonese dialects. Despite the poor interoperability with each other, but the unity of the text but makes up for this shortcoming, the unity of Chinese culture to make a contribution. The box has a special character strokes, and the word a meaning, the word one syllable, plus tone is different from its homonym literary form more colorful characters in her books has also become an art.
As the Chinese culture includes a vast territory, the different environments around the large, opera, food, architecture and so on the basis of common features that have appeared on a variety of singing and musical instruments blending of the local opera, sour, sweet, salty, spicy flavor is a different cuisine as well as residential areas with local characteristics. In the festival, the Spring Festival is a festival of their culture and a common area.距今约四五千年，我国黄河流域和长江流域，活动着许多部落．炎帝和黄帝，是我国古老传说中黄河流域著名的部落首领．那时候，部落之间经常发生战争．东方有强大的蚩尤部落，相传他们以铜作兵器，勇猛异常．黄帝部落联合炎帝部落，在诼鹿一战中大败蚩尤．从此，炎帝、黄帝部落结成联盟，经过长期发展，形成日后的华夏族。