div ancient Greek city-state system
(A) the ancient Greek city-state's colonial movement
1, because: (1) root cause: human-land contradiction highlights
(2) conditions: Multi-harbor, multi-islands, the maritime industry developed a powerful navy.
Let's talk about from a colonial cases: Iron arrest the person selected by drawing lots to break new ground into a foreign land, WBR to colonial expansion. To guide students to think: Why did the ancient Greek colonial expansion should be carried out?
Student: tierra, i. seven years with no rain, crop failure.
Teacher: Why is there such a phenomenon? (Projection: the ancient Greek city-state distribution mainly)
To guide students to observe and ponder: Greece's geography like? Prominent feature of that? WBR What is the relationship with the immigrant movement?
Teacher: Natural Environment
To the Aegean Sea as the center, including the Greek peninsula, the Aegean islands and Asia Minor coast, WBR constitute "Aegean Sea World"; the Greek peninsula - a small mountainous rivers, plains, the land is poor, WBR development of poor agricultural conditions. Separated by mountains inland transportation inconvenience; the east coast - WBR - Coast twists and turns, many harbors are conducive to the development of maritime trade in the cause. WBR coast of Asia Minor - the land is fertile, coastal and tortuous, multi-harbor, numerous islands, WBR natural conditions are extremely favorable. Aegean Islands - in particular, Crete Island, in the West Asia, WBR center of North Africa and southern Europe, marine traffic convenient bridge between the ancient Mediterranean
Can be said that the original purpose of the colonial people just to solve the contradiction, WBR but later the Greeks are hot on the colonial expansion, WBR in the 8th century BC to 6th century BC to the colonial climax. WBR This is mainly due to the colonial can benefit from it have been developed, for the pursuit of economic interests.
2, overseas colonial range of motion: the Mediterranean region and the Black Sea coast
3, effect: First, expand to the city to address land issues, to ease city population pressure,
The second is the promotion of commodity production throughout Greece and overseas trade development;
Third, slave trade and industry sectors of growth is conducive to civic stability and the city-state to strengthen the system of collective, WBR is conducive to the civilian struggle against aristocracy is conducive to the establishment of democracy.
Fourth, open the eyes of the Greeks, from the east to absorb the advanced achievements of civilization, WBR has laid a foundation for their own unique civilization.
(B) The city-states regime:
A city-state concept and features:
Teacher: What is the city-state? Refers to the Greek city-state is a national pattern, WBR It is generally an urban center, including a number of surrounding villages. WBR city's main feature is a small country with few people, states the long-term independent and autonomous, (WBR understand the small print the contents of the book)
Teacher: Why is the ancient Greek city-states will appear, city why this feature? WBR to guide students from the perspective of geography: the ancient Greek mountainous, WBR mountain terrain easily be divided into small and difficult to form a unified country.
Now that the long-term independence and autonomy of states, relations of equality, then their form of government are different.
2, city-state regime:
A form of government means: the organizational form of state power
B main features: a small country with few people, states the independent governance
C type: nobility system, democracy mainly monarchy, oligarchy, Tyrants system
D: Its citizens group together to protect their own interests, WBR oppression of slaves and Gentiles as a national organization
E role, status: the introduction of civil and political, thus ensuring that citizens enjoy political rights; WBR to promote economic development in Latin America; consolidated city; WBR ancient Greece 1:01 appeared in almost all of the modern system of government forms, WBR This is the Greek civilization to human a major contribution to the political system.
What is the system of government? Form of government is the organizational form of state power, WBR, such as in ancient China is a totalitarian centralized systems, WBR then the ancient Greek city-states regime Which identify? To guide students to read summarized: democracy, WBR aristocracy, monarchy, oligarchy system and Tyrants system.
Aristocratic system of collective leadership by the nobility and power constrained by the Citizens Assembly, WBR oligarchy system is led by a handful of nobles, the powers of the Citizens Assembly constraints; Tyrants system, WBR to seize power by force or illegal means, ignoring Citizens Assembly, but often to please the civilian population, WBR is conducive to a democratic system of change; monarchy is hereditary monarch for life, the sole ruler, WBR, but retains formal citizens of the General Assembly; democracy: the people of the collective sovereign, WBR Citizens Assembly is the highest authority.
The early Greek city-states had a monarchy of the Kingdom, but was soon abandoned the civilian interests of substandard, WBR basically have adopted the republican form of democracy and aristocracy.
So what does the standard classification system of government? WBR we discovered that in these regimes there is a common feature is that civic participation in the city WBR state more or less right to autonomy. Citizen participation in city self-government is the citizen of the General Assembly. WBR citizens in civic participation in the General Assembly, the extent of the regime, became the basis for classification system of government. WBR different periods and different form of government, the Citizens Assembly's status is also different, WBR democracy and aristocracy in the next civil rights and status of the General Assembly on the relatively high, WBR reflects the characteristics of sovereignty in the people. WBR does it mean that the ancient Greek system of government is the absolute democracy?
Is not the case, city-state city-state where citizens do not mean all people, but to have a "citizen" WBR status, have the right to participate in the male members of the Citizens Assembly. Not including the Gentiles, WBR does not include slaves. WBR, therefore the joint city-state is actually a collective of citizens to protect slaves and Gentiles together as a group of countries WBR weave.
In any case, civil and political citizens to make city more full political rights, WBR World for All has provided valuable learning experience.
Inquiry: the ancient Greek city-state of citizens are actively involved in city-state of autonomy, WBR reflects the political democracy of ancient Greece, WBR with our Chinese autocracy in stark contrast. WBR does it mean that we can in the ancient democratic system? (WBR marked with lessons to guide students to think about the historical conditions of Western democratic political discussion) WBR Greece's natural and geographical environment on the Greek civilization had some impact: the economic, WBR developed commodity economy, marine trade developed,div古希腊城邦制度