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羽毛球

羽毛球
09-08-21  匿名提问 发布
  • 0

    跑步运动

    The origin of badminton badminton
    14-15 century in Japan, the wooden racket, the ball is made of Cherry Feather nuclear plug. According to legend, in the 14 century, Japan had to plug in a beautiful cherry feathers when the ball, the two boarded the movement back and forth fighting. This is the embryonic form of the game.
    In 1870, a British territory of the Duke in his opening Fair,天公不作美, it began to rain, he was disappointing not to make the guests on the reform carried out in indoor badminton game. Phenomena was the result of temperament. Since then, the sport will sweep the UK. In 1893, the United Kingdom comprising 14 Badminton Association Badminton Club.
    Badminton is probably introduced into China in 1920, after the founding of new China, have developed rapidly. Today, China's badminton campaign has reached world advanced level.
    In 1992, badminton in the Barcelona Olympic Games as an official event was the establishment of men's and women's singles and doubles competitions 4.

    The 18th century, India's Po the City, the activities of a similar game of badminton today to knitting wool woven ball, plug the feathers, carrying wooden bats, net back and forth on the ball in the air strike. This game is popular not long be gone.
    The birth of modern badminton in the United Kingdom. In 1873 in Glasgow United Kingdom County town have a badminton鲍弗特called the Prince, in the manor had a "Po the game" show. Very interesting result of this activity soon came popular. Since then, the indoor game quickly spread throughout the United Kingdom, "badminton" (Badminton) Badminton became the name in English.
    About badminton into China in 1920, after the liberation, have developed rapidly. During the 20th century, 70 of China's badminton team has been among the list of teams in the world.
    70's, the international badminton scene is evenly divided Indonesia and China.
    80's, advantage has shifted to China, that China's badminton campaign has reached world advanced level. Badminton at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, was listed as an official event, a total of male and female .4's singles and doubles competitions for men and women.
    [Edit this paragraph] IBF badminton definition of
    1. The ball can be natural materials, synthetic materials or their blend. As long as the ball's flight performance and use of natural feathers and wrapped in sheep's clothing made of cork ball occasional performance similar to the ball.
    2. The ball should have 16 feathers fixed in the Department of the ball care.
    3. Plumage long 62 - 70 mm, a ball of feathers from the feather ball face care tip length should be consistent.
    4. Feathers surrounded the top round, diameter 58 - 68 mm.
    5. Feather line or other appropriate application materials in prison bar.
    6. The ball at the bottom for child care spherical diameter of 25 - 28 millimeters.
    7. The ball re-4.74 - 5.50 grams.
    8. Made of non-feather ball:
    8.1. With skirts made of synthetic materials such as natural feather-like or globular made.
    8.2. Ball asked if the rules described in 6.
    8.3. The size and weight of the ball should be as described in rules 3,4 and 7; but the synthetic material with natural feathers in the proportion of the differences in performance can be allowed no more than 10% error.
    9. As long as the ball of the general style, speed and flight performance of the same, approved by the relevant organizations, the following exceptional circumstances that would allow the non-use of the standard ball.
    9.1. As a result of altitude or weather conditions when not using a standard ball;
    9.2. Only be beneficial to change the game.
    [Edit this paragraph] the development of badminton
    In 1877, the first badminton competition of the rules published in the United Kingdom.
    In 1893 in the United Kingdom established the world's first Badminton Association. In 1899, the Association organized the first "All-England Badminton Championships", an annual event, has followed so far.
    Badminton from Scandinavia to the British Commonwealth countries, the early 20th century, spread to Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and finally spread to Africa.
    1934, set up the International Badminton Federation, with headquarters in London.
    International Badminton Federation in 1939 adopted by Member States to abide by the "rules of badminton competition."
    During the 20th century, 20 to 40 during the Badminton Europe and the United States has developed rapidly, including Britain, Denmark, the United States, Canada, the level is quite high. 50's rapid development in the Asian Badminton, Malaysia Thomas Cup champion made two. At the same time, the Indonesian team in the technology and innovation play a dominant position soon. The sixties after the development of badminton in Asia gradually be extended.
    May 1981 International Badminton Federation to resume China's legitimate seat in the IBF, then the international badminton open a new page in history, entered the Chinese badminton players rule the roost of the glorious era of the world.
    At the 1988 Seoul Olympics, badminton was listed as performances, the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games as an official event, the Atlanta Olympics in 1996 as a mixed doubles event. Since then the game has entered a new period of development.
    In 2006, in the trial of 3 months after the new rules of badminton into effect. In that year, Tom, first of all, the use of race尤杯.
    [Edit this paragraph] badminton tournament
    At present, hosted by the IBF World Badminton important are:
    1. Thomas Cup
    The world men's team badminton championships, held in 1948 the first game, is for a two-year term, held in even-numbered years. The competition, organized by three singles, two doubles component. History, won the Thomas Cup is the largest country in Indonesia, a total of 11 times.
    2. Uber Cup
    The world women's team badminton championships, held in 1956 the first game, the next two years, held in even-numbered years. The competition, organized by three singles, two doubles component. Uber won the champion in history than any other country is China, a total of 11 times.
    3. World Badminton Championships
    That is, the world's badminton individual championships. With men's and women's singles, five doubles and mixed doubles events. Starting in 1977 for the next three years, 1983 years to two years in odd-numbered years.
    4. Sudirman Cup
    That is, the world mixed team badminton. Launched in 1989, two-year term, held in odd-numbered years, by men and women's singles match, composed of men and women's doubles.
    5. Badminton World Cup
    Competitions are invited by the International Badminton Federation was invited to participate in outstanding players. Established in 1981, 1997, IBF has decided to host the 1998 world will be changed to clip took part in the All-Star Game, and was ready to try the huge prize money badminton Grand Slam.
    6. All England Badminton Championships
    Badminton Association of England, founded in 1899. It is the history of the world's oldest badminton tournament. Originally from the United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries took part, and now has become a global battle of badminton.
    7. International Grand Prix Series
    IBF light of the world to organize a Grand Prix tennis. Began in 1983. Competition is divided into a number of areas, organized into a number of game series. According to athletes at all competition results in the points ranking, carried out before the final 16.
    [Edit this paragraph] badminton match method
    Singles by two athletes in each venue will be a hit in badminton, so the ball does not fall.
    Doubles from the presence of four players on the ground, the method above.
    [Edit this paragraph] badminton rules
    (A) the badminton venue, equipment badminton venue
    1. Venue: badminton court into a rectangular shape, linewidth of each of four centimeters, the venue within 12 meters and over 4 meters within four weeks there should be no obstacles. Stadium Central Network 1.524 meters high, doubles sideline Office Network 1.55 meters high.
    2. Equipment
    Ball weight 4.74 grams to 5.5 grams, from 16 feathers inserted in the cork-based care on the hemisphere, the ball is a high 68-78mm, diameter 58-68mm, divided into No. 1-10. The total length of the racket frame is not more than 68 centimeters wide and not more than 23 centimeters, making string surface is not more than 28 centimeters long, not more than 22 centimeters wide.
    (B) The badminton competition rules and the main profile

    1. Game items: men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, women's doubles, mixed doubles, men's, women's groups.
    2. 【New】 scoring and rules of the game:
    (1) of the table have similar scores, using 21-point scale, that is, both scores first wins 21 points, 2 wins 3 Board. The two sides each hit 20-ping Board, the party that is considered the leading 2 points to win the council; if both labeled 29-ping, the party leader in 1 minute, or count to win the council.
    (2) scored goals in each of the new system, and except in special circumstances (eg wet floor, the ball is broken), and the players not to make any further disruption of the requirements of competition. However, each Board to 11 points leading the party, the game 1 minute suspension of the technology so that both sides擦汗race, drink plenty of water and so on.
    (3) have scored from the right to serve, if the parties have singular points, serve from the left; double the number of hours driving from the right. In the third or the first board game, when one side scores 11 first arrived in time, the two sides exchanged field.
    (4) modify the rules more doubles, text presentation is not easy, but can not map, so this omission.
    3. 【】 Match the old scoring system:
    (1) Unless otherwise agreed, competitions should be scheduled for the outcome of three wins, the use of team wins 5 3 system
    (2) can only serve to score
    (3) doubles and men's singles, first served the party for 15 points wins a Board.
    (4) women's singles, first served the party to win 11 points a Board
    ①'s doubles and men's singles, 13-ping-ping or 14 (women's singles 9 or 10-ping-ping), the first by 13 points or 14 points (women's singles to have 9 points or 10 points) of the party, you can choose to "re-race" or "is no longer race." ② This option can only be provided for the first time points, before the next issue to serve. ③ 13-ping (9 women's singles ping) does not choose to "re-race", in the 14-ping (10 women's singles ping) by 14 points when the first (women's singles, 10 points) can still choose to "re-match."
    (5) select "re-race" from "0 0" reported at the beginning, first by the "re-race" party wins council Score.
    ① 13 level and then race to the first side 5 minutes. ② 14 level and then race to the first side 3 minutes. ③ 9 level and then race to the first side 3 minutes. ④ 10 flat race to the party first and then 2 minutes.
    (6) in the next one started by the Board to serve winner.
    3. Competition Site:
    Singles:
    (1) made scores of players or even to 0, the two sides should further their own players right off the tee box or the return of serve.
    (2) made of the scores of players for the odd, the two sides should be re-athletes left their respective service area or reception service.
    (3) If the "re-race", the players should be based on its total score to determine the stations. If the total is divided into 15 points (odd number), the two sides should be re-athletes left their respective service area or serve reception; if the total is divided into 16 points (even number), the two sides should further their own players right off the tee box or the return of serve .
    (4) the ball is issued, both athletes will not limit the service area will no longer be free to attack each other anywhere on the field, athletes can also stand on their own side of field or industry sector.
    Doubles:
    (1) the beginning of a game and a party to serve, should be started right off the tee box.
    (2) sending and receiving player can only return of serve; companion if it is to touch the ball or the ball, serving a one side.
    ① the beginning of each Board serve the athletes first, scoring in the Council of the side or even to 0, they must serve in the service area right or return of serve; scored as a single number, the service area should be left to serve or return of serve.
    ② every return of serve has started the first athletes to score in its present or even to 0 would have to be in the right service area or serve reception; scored as a single number, the service area should be in the left or serve reception.
    ③ In contrast to the two forms of stations for their companions.
    (3) any of the side board made after the players lose their right to serve, serve it to the first starter, and then the first tee starter companions, followed by one of their opponents serve, and then serve another opponent, and so transfer the right to serve.
    (4) athletes may not have a service error and an error return of serve, or in the same game twice in the service.
    (5) wins and one Municipal Council, any athlete can first serve in the next Board of negative prescription of any player can then serve.
    (6) issued after the ball is no longer subject to the limits the service area. Athletes can be free of the side field stations and the ball down on any location法场area.
    4. Competition rules:
    (1) the exchange of field
    ① following exchange field athletes should be:
    Ⅰ, the end of the first Board.
    Ⅱ, the beginning of the third set.
    Ⅲ, third or only one council, one of the game to 11 time-sharing.
    ② athletes were not above the rules of the exchange field have been found to exchange immediately to get Score effective.
    (2) legal service:
    ① serve any of the parties are not allowed to serve illegal delay.
    ② fat fat players and then players have to stand in oblique diagonal serve and serve reception area, feet not touching the boundaries of service area; part of both feet must have contact with the ground not moving the ball until the issue.
    ③ players made the racket hit the ball must be asked, at the same time made the whole ball players must be less than the waist.
    ④ clubs should be an instant hit point to decentralization, so that the box was significantly lower than that of the ball players made applaud the Department of the grip.
    ⑤ After the serve, the player's racket must be waved straight forward until the issue of the ball.
    ⑥ issued there must be an upward flight of the ball over the net, if not subject to interception, should fall into the hands of the players receiving the service area.
    (3) unauthorized Badminton
    ① not serve a legitimate offense.
    ② fat not players hit the ball when serving.
    ③ serve the ball over the net hung in the online or stop in a network of top.
    ④ game:
    Ⅰ, the ball fell in line outside the stadium.
    Ⅱ, the ball from the net under the hole or from the network through.
    Ⅲ, net ball, however.
    Ⅳ, the ball touched the roof, ceilings or the walls around.
    Ⅴ, the ball touched the body or clothing athletes.
    Ⅵ, touched the ball outside the venue to other people or objects (due to structural problems of buildings and, if necessary, the development of local badminton badminton organizations can reach the temporary buildings, but their organizations have the right of veto).
    ⑤ game, racket or the ball hitting the first point of contact who is not the network side (after the striker ball, the ball with the racket over the net can be).
    ⑥ match:
    Ⅰ, athletes racket, body or clothing touching the support networks or network objects.
    Ⅱ, athletes racket or body in any other field the degree of intrusion.
    Ⅲ, impeding rivals, such as close to the net to block each other's legitimate shot.
    ⑦ competitions, athletes deliberately spread to any other party's attention, such as shouting, posturing and so on.
    ⑧ game:
    Ⅰ, when hit, the ball is caught or stuck in a shot was followed by the towing.
    Ⅱ, the same swing for two players hit the ball twice.
    Ⅲ, the same two players to hit the ball for the first time.
    Ⅳ, racket touched the ball field to continue the flight back.
    ⑨ athletes in violation of the provisions of the continuity of competitions.
    ⑩ athletes misconduct.
    (4) re-serve:
    ① and can not be foreseen or unexpected, should be re-serve.
    ② In addition to serving, the ball hung on the line or parked on the top network, it should focus on service.
    ③ serve, the players and the players at the same time sending and receiving illegal, it should focus on service.
    ④ players made sending and receiving when the players are not ready to serve, it should focus on service.
    ⑤ match, the ball is entrusted with the ball completely separated from the other parts, it should focus on service.
    ⑥ line umpire did not see the placement of the ball, the referee can not make a decision, should be re-serve.
    ⑦ "re-serve", the last time service does not work, re-serve the primary players.
    (5) dead ball:
    ① hit the ball and it was displayed in the online network, or parked in the net on top.
    ② the ball into net or net post and started hitting the side down to the ground.
    ③ the ball touched the ground.
    ④ "illegal" or "re-serve."
    (6) service area error:
    ① driving the wrong order.
    ② service area from the wrong service.
    ③ in the wrong service area to prepare the return of serve, and the other party has given the ball.
    (7) service area appear wrong methods:
    ① If the error hit the next tee before the discovery should be re-serve; only one mistake and lost the round, then without doing anything wrong.
    ② If the error hit the next tee before the unknown, then the error is not corrected.
    ③ If the wrong service area and "re-serve", the round does not work, re-serve to correct the error.
    ④ If the error is not corrected service area, competition should also be continued, and new players do not change the service area and a new service order.
    (8) competition in the sector
    The singles line is inside a border.
    Doubles is the most out of a line.
    Singles before the service line is a line in front.
    After the service line is the bottom line. Service between the two lines in this to be valid.
    Doubles and singles before the service line, are the first one,
    After the service line on the bottom line was a line before. Service between the two lines in this to be valid.
    Badminton feather should be fixed at 16 asked the Department of the ball, feather length 64-70 mm, but a ball of feathers from the occasional tip surface to the length of the feathers should be consistent. Feathers surrounding a circular top, a diameter of 58-68 mm, the diameter of the ball occasional 25-28 mm, bottom round, badminton weight from 4.6 to 5.50 grams. As for the non-ball made of feathers, we skirt the requirements made of shape, quality, performance should not exceed 10 \% of the gap. The ball must be tested in order to use the correct method is: standing on end line, low-hand forward to hit the top of the ball's flight direction and the line parallel to the ball a qualified, should be vested in the other end line from 53 ~ 99 cm.
    [Edit this paragraph] The commonly used terminology badminton
    1, badminton venue
    Badminton venue is a 13.40 meters long, 6.10 meters wide doubles, singles 5.18 meters wide, was the central venue net (1.55 meters high on both sides of the pillars, the middle of network 1.524 meters high) of the average separation of the rectangular space (refer to "rules" of attached map).
    Badminton has been the center line of horizontal space divided into about two and a half area; vertical is divided into front, midfield, after the game. Before the field is used to service line to net a space between; after the field is the end line to the doubles from the service line after a space between; midfielder is with the doubles before the service line between the service line after the one venue.
    Second, stations with the ball
    Badminton athletes standing on the location of ground stations called. Stations, there are two cases: one is restricted stations. Such as: serve, return of serve stations when the athletes, we must stand by the requirements stipulated in the region (the left or right zone); the other is unrestricted stations, according to himself or his companions (doubles ) and select the needs of the stations. Such as: the station's singles from the former general in the service line of the center line about 1 m near the station doubles doubles two athletes under the tactical needs of the specific choices before and after or around the station.
    Based on the above division of the badminton venue, but also the unrestricted specific stations are divided into: left the district stations, stations right area, the former station, and midfielder stations, after the field stations.
    Athletes refer to swing batter batter, the ball making contact with the moment. Area athletes engaged the left side to the other side is called the ball hit the left zone, the ball in the right area called the right half court shot, standing before the game, midfielder, the ball after the game, were called before the field ball, midfield ball, after hitting the market. In addition, according to a high degree of ball, we started hitting can be divided into (higher than shoulder to the ball, hit in the shoulder) and start hitting (batting points below the shoulder).
    Third, who clapped and clapped and non-holders
    Who is the correction clapping hands holding the racket. Non-holders that there is no clapping of the hand grip.
    Movement in badminton, we often heard that the technology is in hand, backhand technology, hitting forehand, backhand terms. Technology is the so-called hand clapping hands Ipsilateral refers to the technology; backhand grip technology refers to the technical side clapping vary. Such as: the right hand grip of the athletes, the ball hit the right side of the technology used is known as the hand on the technology, and thus derived serve technology is in hand, hand-ball technology is the technical name.
    Movement in badminton, non-holders of the main functions of clapping in time to serve the ball, drop; in the process of hitting to balance the body, in order to more effectively hit.
    Fourth, the basic line hit
    Line refers to the so-called ball players hit a ball in the air after running track and the relationship between the venues.
    Badminton player batting line as much as it is impossible to count, and the following decisions only a few rules of badminton basic circuit lines.
    We only athletes (who make the right hand) are in hand to hit a three球路line analysis of the name of the ball. The first hit from the other side of the right of the left (lines with parallel lines) can be described as a straight line, the second hit the other side of the right (line with the line have a greater angle) can be referred to as the diagonal, the first three hit the ball the other side of the center line and edge line has a smaller angle) can be called Road. Similarly, after the market backhand (midfielder, the former site) of the three (basic batter hit line, can also be called. In a specific address, they can and are now working, in conjunction with a backhand. Such as: hand line, are the hands of Road, diagonal forehand, backhand diagonal and so on. If the ball in the middle lane, they can call: hit the other side of the left field slash to the left, hit the other side of the right field for the right slash, the ball hit the middle for the Road. in the name of the badminton line should note the following questions: first look at the ball and the ball near the impact point where the ball near the right point line, and placement near the center line, are is the way to become the hands of the ball. We then have to hit when used in accordance with the technical name, such as chopping backhand, backhand twist could be a straight line, backhand the ball, such as rubbing Road.
    In short, the basic line badminton can be divided into five, namely: the left line, middle line, right straight, the right diagonal (right diagonal), the left slash (left diagonal). Athletes under the ball stops (left, middle and right), respectively, each location can hit a straight, middle, a slash, it can be derived to 9 lines. Badminton as much as the batting line can not be described, but the basic line on so few, as long as we have the law on our training, competition are major useful.
    V. bat angle and the direction of film surface

    Bat angle refers to the racket into the ground surface and the point of view. The direction of film surface is the face of the racket towards the shoot location.
    Bat angle can be divided into seven types: film-oriented, the film surface is slightly forward, shot before the dump, making the vertical surface, back surface film, film surface Yang later, the film-oriented.
    The direction of film surface can be divided into three categories: film facing left, facing right film, shot before the face.
    Bat angle and the direction of film surface quality control of the quality of ball impact is very large, so we must be careful of every shot a good bat to adjust, making face, hit the ball out to the quality requirements.
    6, ball point
    The so-called hit points when athletes hit the ball in contact with the racket that point of time, spatial location.
    Hit points, including three aspects: first, including making contact with the ball distance and the height of the ground; the second, including before and after contact with distance away from the body; the third, including about the distance from the body. Select a point on the ball whether it is suitable to determine the quality of the good and bad shots, it will directly affect the player's batting strength, speed, arc, placement, and ultimately will lead to the impact of the athletes hit the hit rate, resulting in loss of points, until failure. So choose a suitable vital batting point. Choose the right shots at two points shall be as follows: The first judge to be accurate, the second method the mobile should be in place (step faster). As long as these two adjustments in order to ensure the most suitable location, ball-point is guaranteed.
    Modern badminton movement originated in Britain, it is said in England in 1860, Glasgow County Minton times Manor banquet held, as a result of rain, the guests can stay indoors, there are several from India back to the retired officers to brief Members on the net with a racket shuttlecock back and forth hitting the ball game, it has generated a great deal of interest. Later, people in times Minton (Badminton), as the name of the second movement. In 1893 the British set up a Badminton Association, was held in 1899 the first All-England Badminton Championships. Since then badminton movement spread all over the world.
    Badminton is a sport loved by the masses of small ball. Sports equipment because of its simple and not subject to site constraints, two racket ball, no matter go, regardless of net-free, regardless of indoor and outdoor, as long as there is a small piece of open space, will be able to conduct activities and exercise. Badminton unique style, it is a skill on the one hand, highly competitive sport, on the other hand, it is a very strong universal, ages activities. Can enjoy the benefits of exercise and fun. Whether it is engaged in competitive sports, or general public health activities and the need to keep the mobile market jump, twist, swing batter. Therefore, young men and women badminton regular exercise, can promote the growth and development and improve various aspects of body function, is not afraid of difficulties in training and not backward,拼博indomitable spirit, thereby enhancing the physical and mental and physical health.
    [Edit this paragraph] badminton knowledge
    Had always thought that the cost of fighting the greatest badminton racket, in fact, the real money is the most cost ball. YY a racket Ti-5 of about 500 yen or so, in accordance with the 2nd week of play the ball three badminton calculated consumption needs of about 12 a year to fight, even if ¥ 40 per dozen mid-range ball, almost a year is a Ti ¥ 480 -5, and a special羽拍as long as you are not unlucky, at least use a 2-3 years, 5-6 years no problem in general. Think about a year out of a high-YONEX羽拍enough of it to scare people. No wonder once saw a news that one of Africa from Nigeria badminton champion complained that the low level of badminton in Africa can not afford to buy enough because of the badminton, where training a ball to 1 U.S. dollar, the Financial unbearable.
    1. IBF badminton badminton game rules on the definition:
    1: the ball can be natural materials, synthetic materials or their blend. As long as the ball's flight performance and use of natural feathers and wrapped in sheep's clothing made of cork ball occasional performance similar to the ball.
    2: the ball should have 16 feathers fixed in the Department of the ball care.
    3: long feathers 62 - 70 mm, a ball of feathers from the feather ball face care tip length should be consistent.
    4: the top surrounded by feathers round, diameter 58 - 68 mm.
    5: Application of feathers or other suitable material line扎劳.
    6: ADS at the bottom of the ball for the spherical diameter of 25 - 28 millimeters.
    7: the ball re-4.74 - 5.50 grams.
    8: Non-ball made of feathers:
    8.1: A-shaped skirt made of synthetic material or if the ball made of natural feathers.
    8.2: ADS as the ball described in Rule 6.
    8.3: The size and weight of the ball should be as described in rules 3,4 and 7; but the synthetic material with natural feathers in the proportion of the differences in performance can be allowed no more than 10% error.
    9: As long as the general pattern of the ball, speed and flight performance of the same, approved by the relevant organizations, the following exceptional circumstances that would allow the non-use of the standard ball.
    9.1: As above sea level and other climate conditions were not using a standard ball;
    9.2: Only change is conducive to competition.
    2. Badminton ball hair Category:
    Badminton quality must be used with hair hair knife goose, duck, if it is a knife used in hair and other MAO film on it is very difficult to guarantee the quality.
    Chaetomium very complex classification, because there is no national unity to develop the classification of code standards, the production of each badminton manufacturer's label is set from different manufacturers have the same label if the product can not be said that their quality is the same. Gold river plant as an example: all the middle-grade badminton, that is, with "A" word of the product are living out a knife翎毛White, first of all, in accordance with the gross type classified as large, medium and Xiaomao, then in accordance with the quality of hair is divided into a , two, three, four, and then bends in accordance with Mao's Alice in five of the standards, based on the thickness glabrescens, MAO film is similar to the thickness of the MAO film to classify. Badminton at the same using only 16 of the same type of feathers must be similar but as far as possible, the more high-grade products used MAO film 16 in order to ensure more consistent product to the flying qualities. Low-grade products, that is, the general entertainment works the ball and I also used white nest hair,驼毛, and its processing technology and high-end products, in order to ensure that the beautiful and durable.
    3. Badminton ball classification:
    The use of building materials in accordance with the common points are: hard plastic, foam, cork the three, the first two mainly used by low-grade recreational badminton, a low cost of poor performance. Badminton in high-grade and are based on natural soft wooden ball, and the cork ball and can generally be divided into three categories: whole cork ball, cork composite ball, renewable cork ball. Their structure is as follows:
    As can be seen, the best ball of course, is the overall natural cork, the use of complex forms of the ball head, lower cost is also not easy to fault, but if the power of hitting the lower part of a larger easy to break up some of the renewable cork thus affecting the performance hit. The cost of renewable cork ball low, beating the performance of its flights and the use of non-cork material than the ball better, although it was less resistance to fight but to meet the needs of specific users, such as factory production Jinhe 204A is available to the beginner in the use of low-cost competitive with the performance of the badminton venue, taking into account the batting strength of beginners will not be too general, resulting in damage to the main reason for badminton it is easy to hit the ball hair, so the use of renewable cork ball giving head is not easy to crack, its flight performance entirely to meet the requirements of practice to improve lower cost. Of course, different manufacturers of renewable cork factory ball production process due to its strength in different and sometimes there will be a greater difference. In recent years, the ball manufacturer also developed a bionic plastic and natural cork ball stitching head, good value for money, the results would be better.
    4. Badminton ball Maomao qualitative identification:
    High-quality feather badminton must be high-quality goose feather. Goose feather strength, toughness are particularly suited to the requirements of badminton, but its high cost and limited supply of raw materials, so do not ask for much in a number of manufacturers to adopt a feather badminton, it is difficult to distinguish from the appearance of feather and goose feather and sophisticated technology of flight feather badminton very good performance, because of the MAO film glabrescens two different structures, the resistance to fight than to be goose feather badminton a lot worse, in the normal batting easily broken in , due to feather the price lower than the number of goose feather, feather can be used effectively to reduce costs.
    5. Badminton difference with glue:
    A direct impact on the quality of glue to a solid badminton, the durability. Badminton production of glue into two categories: High resin glue and chemical glue. High resin glue in hardness, a firm must be better than the degree of chemical glue, but its cost is relatively high, generally used in the production of high-grade badminton. For example: plant Jinhe 200A, 201A is used in high-level badminton resin glue, and other species of badminton are high-strength chemical glue, in order to ensure the quality, and all varieties of plastic volume containing Badminton higher than the national standards.
    6. Finished testing the quality of Badminton items:
    Test items in general are: stability of resistance to fight, weight, diameter, speed, glue and firmly, the hook line, such as fastness test, more than the manufacturer of these items would not normally there is no need for only one of each test Badminton consumers when purchasing the above items can be most concerned about their own character comparison test.
    7. High-end products and the difference between low-grade products:
    In addition to the appearance of the main difference is that other than the ball's flight performance, that is, the stability of badminton, speed, hit by the deformation degrees of rotation at the time of flight, high-end requirements of badminton on the MAO film very high, a ball on the 16 root MAO film appearance and quality requirements are nearly the same in order to ensure high standards badminton, resulting in its higher prices.
    8. The ball badminton, weight, diameter of the relationship:
    Flight speed of badminton in the same area it mainly on the overall weight, size, hair type, hair around the points, the ball head and the ball body weight ratio, in general the same ball badminton factory manufactured the caliber is fixed For example, the雕牌badminton gold standard for the caliber: 66.5mm plus or minus 0.5mm, which is in between 66-67mm, this time to speed a major factor in the decision on the overall weight of the ball and the ball head and the ball are the weight ratio on the ball with the body weight of the ball than we have strict control standards to ensure that the flight performance badminton. Therefore, in general accordance with the overall weight of the ball it will be able to know the approximate speed, but also will be able to know what areas it applies to.
    9. Climate at different altitudes to choose what areas of badminton?
    Playing badminton by the most basic requirement is that the speed of the ball or weight must be appropriate, or fight a lot of technology would be difficult to play a. And the same weight in different parts of badminton speed and there will be a lot of difference because the ball's weight and height above sea level and climate are very closely related to the high altitude air density on the small Badminton in flight by the air resistance on the small, high-altitude areas of badminton with the weight necessary to reduce the number. Low-altitude air density, badminton when flying on the air resistance, so low-lying areas will be used to re-weight a little badminton.雕牌gold products as an example: Shanghai: 5.2 grams, Guangzhou: 5.1 grams, Kunming: 4.7 grams, Chengdu: 4.9 grams. In addition, the wet and dry air, high and low temperature on the speed of badminton has some influence, but the effects of altitude most obvious.
    10. The use of too heavy or too light badminton racket and the body of those ills?
    Badminton's overall weight is too heavy or too heavy ball, the vibration caused by hitting a larger羽拍and feather for the impact of a larger string, will be reduced and the plume string羽拍life, the most obvious is plume string will be greatly shortened life expectancy, on the other hand, as a result of vibration will be delivered to the batter's arm on the arm for the long run there will be some bad influence. If the weight of the badminton too, as the ball is not in place, the batter will be issued in order to achieve greater strength for the purpose of batting in place, so easily lead to arm fatigue damage on the arm.所以选择合适重量的羽毛球不仅能令你更好的享受羽毛球运动的乐趣,还能够降低你受伤的风险。
      11.羽毛球的生产工艺?
      羽毛球的生产工艺分为:制毛、制头、组合三大工段。
      制毛工艺:洗毛、烘毛、选大毛、冲毛、分级别、分弯翘、配毛。
      制头工艺:砂头、补头、包头、烘烤、切皮、钻孔、分重。
      组合工艺:植毛、注胶烘干、勾线、调整、刷胶烘干、擦头、绕边、称重、贴花、整理、测稳试打、称重、包装入库。
    [编辑本段]我国羽毛球运动的发展概况
      现代羽毛球运动约于1910年传入我国,最早在上海,随后在广州、天津、北京、成都等城市的基督教青年会和学校中有所开展。新中国成立后,党和政府十分关心人民群众的健康,体育运动得到了蓬勃的发展,羽毛球运动也逐渐为群众所喜爱,并作为我国重点开展的项目之一。1953年在天津首次举办了全国比赛,当时只有五个队19名选手参加。
      1954年,先后一批报效祖国的赤子回国,并带回了先进的羽毛球技术,同时组建了国家集训队。继而我国在东南沿海几个主要大城市也成立了以归国华侨青年为骨干的羽毛球队,在“破除迷信,解放思想,走自己的路”的思想的指导下,我国羽毛球运动员总结了国内外羽毛球运动的经验教训和技术资料,结合自己的运动实践进行了探索,不断改进训练方法。其中,福建省运动队主要在技术的手法上、广东队主要在步法上进行了改革和突破。同时借鉴我国乒乓球运动的成功经验,并通过对多年训练和比赛实践经验的总结,提出了“以我为主、以快为主、以攻为主”的积极打法。后来,又经过不断的总结和完善,逐步形成了中国羽毛球运动所持有的“快、狠、准、活”技术风格。我国运动员怀着一颗勇攀世界羽坛技术高峰、为国争光的雄心大志,吸取了国外的一些先进的运动训练方法,勤学苦练,自觉地贯彻了“从难、从严、从实战出发,进行大运动量训练”的“三从一大”训练方针,运动技术水平得到了进一步的提高。
      但由于政治上的原因,当时我国未加入国际羽联,故未参加世界性锦标赛。但是在国际相互的交往中,多次与当时的世界强队进行过较量,都取得了优异的成绩。被许多外电报誉为“无冕之王”“冠军之冠军”等。
      直到1981年5月,国际羽联重新恢复我国在国际羽联的合法席位,实现了我国运动员多年的夙愿---逐鹿世界羽坛,争夺世界桂冠,为国争光。
      1981年7月,在第1届世界运动会上(美国洛杉矶),我国运动员陈昌杰、孙志安、姚喜明、刘霞和张爱玲夺取了男女单、双打的四项冠军。1982年,我国第一次参加了全英羽毛球比赛,张爱玲夺得女子单打冠军,徐蓉/吴健秋夺得女子双打冠军,孪劲勇夺男子单打冠军。同年,中国队第一次参加“汤姆斯杯”赛,在第一天1:3非常不利的情况下,奋力拼搏,最终以5:4击败羽坛劲旅印尼队,夺得冠军。1984年,在马来西亚的吉隆坡,我国羽毛球女队又夺得了第10届“尤伯杯”。
      紧随其后,我国又涌现出了杨阳、赵剑华、熊国宝、李永波、田秉义和林瑛、吴迪茜、李玲蔚、韩爱萍等一批世界羽坛顶尖高手,从而进一步奠定了我国羽毛球技术水平处于世界羽坛领先地位的基础,在一系列世界大赛中为祖国夺得了众多的金牌,创造了中国羽毛球历史上的辉煌时期。进入90年代,随着杨阳、赵剑华、李玲蔚等一批优秀运动员的相继退役,我国暂时出现了一段青黄不接的时期,而印尼经过了多年的厉精图治,涌现了一批以阿迪、王莲香为代表的新秀。欧洲也重新崛起,韩国、马来西亚有时有新人涌现,世界羽坛进入了群雄抗衡的时代。
      在巴塞罗那奥运会上,我国羽毛球项目竟与金牌无缘。直到1995年才逐渐步出低谷,首次夺得“苏迪曼杯”。1996年,在亚特兰大奥运会上,葛菲/顾俊勇夺女双冠军,实现了我国羽毛球项目在奥运会上零的突破。1997年,我国运动员再次夺得“苏迪曼杯”,同时在世界锦标赛上获得了女单、女双和混双三块金牌,开始步入再铸辉煌的历程。
    [编辑本段]羽毛球的著名运动员
      国外:
      姓名:彼得·盖德(Peter Gade) 性别:男 国籍:丹麦 生日1976.12.14 身高:1.84米
      姓名:黄综翰(Wong Choonghann) 性别:男 国籍:马来西亚 生日:1977.2.17 身高:1.83米
      姓名:陶菲克(Hidayat Taufik) 性别:男 国籍:印尼 生日:1981.8.10 身高:1.78米
      姓名:哈菲兹(Hashim Hafiz) 性别:男 国籍:马来西亚 生日:1982.9.13 身高:1.86米
      姓名:西吉特(Budiarto Sigit) 性别:男 国籍:印尼 生日:1975.11.24 身高:1.73米
      姓名:柳镛成(Yoo Yong-sung) 性别:男 国籍:韩国 生日:1974.10.25 身高:1.71米
      姓名:河泰权(Ha Tae-kwon) 性别:男 国籍:韩国 生日:1975.4.30 身高:1.87米
      姓名:孙升模(Shon Seung Mo) 性别:男 国籍:韩国 生日:1980.7.1 身高:1.82米
      姓名:李敬元(Lee Kyung-won) 性别:女 国籍:韩国 生日:1980.1.21 身高:1.60米
      姓名:张海丽(Mia Audina-Tjiptawan) 性别:女 国籍:荷兰 生日:1979.8.22 身高:1.61米
      姓名:米仓加奈子(Yonekura Kanako) 性别:女 国籍:日本 生日:1976.10.29 身高:1.66米
      姓名:黄妙珠(Wong Mew Choo) 性别:女 国籍:马来西亚 生日:1983.5.1 身高:1.65米
      姓名:李宗伟(Lee Chong Wei)性别:男 国籍:马来西亚 生日:1982.10.21 身高:1.74米
      李宗伟姓名:李万华 (未知)性别:男 国籍:马来西亚 生日:未知 身高:1.83米
      国内:
      林丹(Lin Dan1983.10.14)男 籍贯:福建龙岩 1.78米 ,现世界排名第二。2008年北京奥运会男单冠军.
      鲍春来(Bao Chunlai 1983.02.17 ),男,籍贯:湖南长沙 身高:191cm 现世界排名第三。
      蔡赟(Cài Yūn,1980年1月19日 ),男,籍贯江苏苏州,身高1.82米。2008年北京奥运会男子双打银牌
      李永波(1962年9月18日- )中国男子羽毛球双打运动员。多次获得过世界杯、世界大奖赛总决赛冠军、全英羽毛球赛冠军。现任中国羽毛球队主教练。
      吴建秋(1962年)男,江苏南通人,国家羽毛球队队员,国际级运动健将,世界冠军。
      付海峰,男,中国羽毛球男子双打运动员,广东人,与蔡赟搭档后成为中国继李永波、田秉义之后的全英公开赛冠军(2005年)。以后场大力杀球著称。2008年北京奥运会男子双打银牌
      李玲蔚(1964年-),中国女子羽毛球运动员,浙江丽水人。主要特点是速度快,攻击力强,球路多变,网前技术好。她是世界羽毛球史上第一个集世界锦标赛、世界杯赛、全英锦标赛和世界系列大奖赛总决赛金牌于一身的女子单打羽毛球运动员。被世界羽坛誉为“羽坛皇后”、“一代羽毛球女王”等称号。
      张宁 (1975年5月15日-),女,籍贯辽宁,右手握拍,是和叶钊颖同期的羽毛球国手,自1994年就已经开始代表中国出战尤伯杯。是典型的大器晚成型选手,2003年世锦赛才夺得个人首个世界冠军,2004年夺得雅典奥运会女单冠军,2008年北京奥运会成功卫冕,成为奥运史上第一个成功卫冕该项目金牌的选手.
      谢杏芳(1981年1月18日-),女,籍贯广东,中国羽毛球运动员,现世界排名第一,2008年北京奥运会女单亚军.
      赵剑华(1965年-)男,江苏南通人,1985年和1990年全英锦标赛冠军,1987年世界杯赛男单冠军,1988年和1990年汤姆斯杯团体冠军,1991年世界锦标赛单打冠军,1991年世界羽毛球总决赛单打冠军。20世纪80年代末世界羽坛“四大天王”之一。
      孙俊(1975年6月3 日-),男,江苏南京人,世界冠军。他与葛菲堪称世界羽坛的“神仙伴侣”。
      葛菲(1975年10月9日-),女,江苏南通人,世界冠军,奥运冠军。
      顾俊(1975年1月3日-),女,江苏无锡人,世界冠军,奥运冠军。 .她与葛菲的配合号称“天下第一双”。
      高崚(1979年3月14日-),女,湖北武汉籍贯,中国羽毛球运动员,15次夺得世界冠军,成为中国羽毛球运动员中获世界冠军最多的选手,2000年奥运会与张军搭档夺得了混双金牌,2004年两人卫冕了该项金牌,并且分别在2000年和2004年获得奥运会女双铜牌和银牌
      黄穗(1981年1月8日-),女,湖南籍贯,中国羽毛球运动员。
      董炯,北京人。1973年出生,18岁时加入中国国家队,1996年奥运会获得男单亚军。同年获得世界杯赛男单冠军,1997年获得全英公开赛、中国公开赛、瑞士公开赛和丹麦公开赛冠军。
      张军(1977年11月26日- ),男,籍贯江苏苏州,中国羽毛球运动员。 2000年奥运会与高崚搭档夺得了混双金牌,2004年两人卫冕了该项金牌!
      陈金(1986年1月10日-),男,河北人,多次获得羽毛球公开赛冠军,2006、2008年汤姆斯杯冠军成员,中国羽毛球极具潜力的男单选手。 2008年北京奥运会男单季军。现世界排名第四
    [编辑本段]羽毛球初学者的注意事项
      1)力争在身体前上方击球,千万不要让球落至颈部以下高度,否则回击的球就没有攻击力。
      2)握拍手尽可能保持放松,以便最大限度地发挥手腕的力量。
      3)在单打时,每次击球后应立即回到中心位置。在双打防守时则应回到与同伴平行的位置,而在双打进攻时则应与同伴保持前后的位置,在双打发球时,发一短球后应立即向前封网以防对手打短球回击。
      4)在单打时,除非扣球,千万不要把球打在对方的中场,尽可能打两角。
      5)在进行有力的正手或反手击球时,身体应向击球一侧转动以便站稳双脚。
      6)单打发球要尽量高而远,双打发球要短,球的飞行路线要贴近球网的上缘,发球要多变。
      7)在规则允许的范围内尽可能多用假动作迷惑对方,但事先不要流露自己的意图。
      8)打高远球时,要准确地判断球的飞行方向,球要尽可能打得高而且接近对方底线。
      9)吊网前球时,球的路线要短,并尽可能靠近球网。
      10)扣球的应尽可能远离对手或直接命中对方的握拍手或肩。
      11)当你一时不知所措或需要短暂的喘息机会,可打一高远球,然后回到本场中心位置。
      12)对于初学者来说,反手端线通常是其薄弱区域,应注意打其弱点。
      13)在前场回击高球时,应尽量采用扣球,扣球是重要的得分手段,但不要在底线处击出高而短的球,这通常是给对手杀球机会的。
      14)许多运动员有自己的特有打法,因此要善于判断球的落点,及时进入适宜的位置,但千万不要过早暴露自己的动向。
      15)在双打接发球时,要举起球拍迫使对方发低球,如果对方的发球过高,立即上前扑杀。
      16)如果你正在得分,不要改变打法,如果正在失利,则应立即调整文质彬彬的打法,如果你的连续进攻没有奏效,可打一高远球,然后寻找战机重新发起进攻。
    [编辑本段]羽毛球知识详解
      羽毛球羽毛的分类(原料等级差别):
      1、鹅毛材质:中国大陆羽毛分三大产区
      四川毛:每年4月-7月
      华东毛:(安徽、江苏、浙江),每年7月-10月
      东北毛:(东北三省),每年10月-12月
      制造好打、适重羽球,以四川毛为主,制造耐用、漂亮羽毛的球,以东北毛为主。
      适合自己的才是最好的,去选一款吧!
      2、羽毛裁制率:一只鸭,左右翼,平均约各16根羽毛。
      一只鹅,左右翼,平均约各20根羽毛。
      比赛级(A)以上,左、右各翼,鸭约3-4根,鹅约5-6根。
      标准级(B),左、右各翼,鸭约4根,鹅约4根。
      标准级(C),左、右各翼,鸭约4根,鹅约4根。
      一个羽毛球需16根排列同等角度的羽毛才构成飞行优良的好球,外加羽毛外观洁白、滑顺,才能称得上是超级羽毛球。
      羽毛球球头的分类
      按照所用的材料分常见的有:硬质塑料、泡沫塑料、软木这三种,前两种主要用于低档的娱乐性用羽毛球,成本较低性能较差。中高档的羽毛球都是采用的天然软木质的球头,而软木球头又大致可以分为三类:整体软木球头、复合软木球头、再生软木球头目前球头有两种:一种是全软木球头,低品质的软木材料比较容易开裂,一种是台纤板球头软木复合(人造材料),这种球头的强度比较好。
      台纤板球头的结构:
      球头上层为化纤材料约13MM左右,下层为软木。下层的软本有三种:
      1、小颗粒碎软木,硬度在邵氏60以下(台湾中华软木厂专利);
      2、大颗粒碎软木,硬度在邵氏60以上(上海东立球头厂专利);
      3、13MM整体软木(上海崇明岛软木厂专利)硬度邵氏60以上。
      从上述这三种球头的使用情况来看,耐打度均远远好于全软木的,因为最主要的原因之一是软木的球头平面会开裂,台纤板的球头基本没有开裂情况出现。拍感比较好的球头是后两种,打起来声音较清脆,同时不粘拍。一般认为小颗粒碎软木球头一定没有后两种好。
      有一种认为复式软木-就是台纤板(Complexcork)羽毛球,耐劳度(Durability)提升30%以上。
      羽毛球的生产周期和耐打性要求:
      一只鹅从孵出到宰杀,一般来说生长周期是120天,鹅毛梗的胶质层和里面的海棉体均基本生长成熟,因此对羽毛球的耐打度会有一定的好处。而随着科学的不断进步与全球气候的变暖,一只鹅的生长周期目前只有90天左右,因此相对120天的生长周期来说肯定是耐打度要稍差一些。毛梗胶质层和海棉体均不够成熟是主要原因。(科技是饲料改良,气候是平均温度上升2-3度)。
      怎样让羽毛球更耐打 ?
      准备一碗烧开不久的开水,将羽毛球的球毛部分浸入水中2-3分钟,注意不要让水浸到球头部分,水温不能低了如水凉了要及时换成开水。
      浸泡完毕后将球取出阴干注意一定要阴干就可以使用了,这样处理过的羽毛韧性较好只要不直接打在球毛上球的耐打性会提高不少。特别要注意如果处理后没有在5-6天内使用应该重新处理一次,另外如果买到的是鸭毛球由于其结构和强度远逊于鹅毛,处理的效果会不好。
      其原因:
      1、鸭毛油脂比鹅毛多;
      2、鸭毛海棉体很少不易吸水蒸气,所以效果不明显。
      羽毛球场地标准
      
      羽毛球场为一长方形场地,长度为13.40米,双打场地宽为6.10米,单打场地宽为5.18米。球场上各条线宽均为4厘米,丈量时要从线的外沿算起。球场界限最好用白色、黄色或其它易于识别的颜色画出。
      按国际比赛规定,整个球场上空空间最低为9米,在这个高度以内,不得有任何横梁或其它障碍物,球场四周2米以内不得有任何障碍物。任何并列的两个球场之间,最少应有2米的距离。球场四周的墙壁最好为深色,不能有风。
      羽毛球网标准
      羽毛球网长6.10米、宽76厘米,为优质深色的天然或人造纤维制成,网孔大小在15-20毫米之间,网的上沿应缝有75宽的双层白布(对折而成),并用细钢丝绳或尼龙绳从夹层穿过,牢固地张挂在两网柱之间。标准球网应为黄褐色或草绿色。网柱高1.55米,无论是单打或双打,两根网柱都应分别立在双打场地边线的中点上。正式比赛时,球网中部上沿离地面必须为1.524米高,球网两端高为1.55米。球网的两端必须与网柱系紧,它们之间不应该有缺缝。
    [编辑本段]历届奥运羽毛球获奖者
      第二十九届 2008年 北京奥运会
      项目 金牌 银牌 铜牌
      男单 林丹(中国)李宗伟(马来西亚)陈金(中国)
      女单 张宁(中国)谢杏芳(中国)玛丽亚?克丽斯廷?尤利安蒂(印度尼西亚)
      男双 马尔基斯?基多, 亨德拉?塞蒂亚万(印度尼西亚)傅海峰, 蔡赟(中国)李在珍, 黄智万(韩国)
      女双 于洋, 杜婧(中国)李孝贞, 李敬元(韩国)张亚雯, 魏轶力(中国)
      混双 李龙大, 李孝贞(韩国)诺瓦?维迪安托, 利利亚纳(印度尼西亚)何汉斌, 于洋(中国)
      第二十八届 2004年 雅典奥运会
      项目 金牌 银牌 铜牌
      男单 陶菲克(印尼) 孙升模(韩国) 索尼(印尼)
      女单 张宁(中国) 张海丽(荷兰) 周蜜(中国)
      男双 金东文/河泰权(韩国) 李东秀/柳镛成(韩国) 林培雷/徐永贤(印尼)
      女双 杨维/张洁雯(中国) 高崚/黄穗(中国) 罗景民/李敬元(韩国)
      混双 张军/高崚(中国) 罗伯特森/埃姆斯(英) 埃里克森/美蒂(丹麦)
      第二十七届 2000年 悉尼奥运会
      项目 金牌 银牌 铜牌
      男单 吉新鹏(中国) 叶诚万(印尼) 夏煊泽(中国)
      女单 龚智超(中国) 马丁(丹麦) 叶钊颖(中国)
      男双 吴俊明/陈甲亮(印尼) 李东秀/柳镛成(韩国) 金东文/河泰权(韩国)
      女双 葛菲/顾俊(中国) 杨维/黄楠雁(中国) 秦艺源/高崚(中国)
      混双 张军/高崚(中国) 特里古斯/许一敏(印) 阿彻/古德(英格兰)
      第二十六届 1996年 亚特兰大奥运会
      项目 金牌 银牌 铜牌
      男单 拉尔森(丹麦) 董炯(中国) 拉·西德克(马)
      女单 方铢贤(韩国) 张海丽(印尼) 王莲香(印尼)
      男双 里奇/雷西(印尼) 谢顺吉/叶锦福(马) 苏明强/陈金和(马)
      女双 葛菲/顾俊(中国) 吉永雅/张惠玉(韩国) 秦艺源/唐永淑(中国)
      混双 金东文/吉永雅(韩国) 朴柱奉/罗景民(韩国) 刘坚军/孙曼(中国)
      第二十五届 1992年 巴塞罗那奥运会
      项目 金牌 银牌 铜牌
      男单 魏仁芳(印尼) 威·阿迪(印尼) 托·劳尔森(丹麦)苏桑托(印尼)
      女单 王莲香(印尼) 方铢贤(韩国) 黄华(中国)唐九红(中国)
      男双 朴柱奉/金文秀(韩国) 洪忠中/郭宏源(印尼) 李永波/田秉义(中国)拉·西德克/贾·西德克(马)
      女双 黄惠英/郑素英(韩国) 关渭贞/农群华(中国) 吉永雅/沈恩婷(韩国)林燕芬/姚芬(中国)
    [编辑本段]羽毛球附加技术
      跳杀技术学习
      以右手握拍为例,如果你是左手那就相反,要领有以下:
      1、准备杀球之前先侧身,左脚在前,两脚的脚尖着地,并且用快速的后退步伐后退,使击球点在你的右肩前上方。因为击球点靠后的话就只能打高球了。
      2、杀球前身体后仰,基本成弓型,这样使你用上全身所有的力量。
      3、杀球前握拍一定要放松,手心和拍柄之间要有缝隙,这是最重要的,因为只有先放松才能用得出力量杀球,否则如果握拍一直很紧的话手腕的力量就肯定使不出来了。要在杀球的瞬间握紧拍子使劲杀球。
      4、杀球的瞬间靠的是手腕和手指(手指主要是食指)的爆发力,就像抽鞭子一样,这也是羽毛球所有后场技术都注重的,和网球不一样,绝对不要靠甩大臂来发力,否则球过去后既没有速度又会使你受伤。
      5、起跳的时候大概在球开始下落的时候,并且双腿要先保持微屈的姿势,靠脚尖蹬地的力量起跳杀球,杀球后立即转身,左脚在后且先着地,右脚落地后即回到场地中心位置。 跳杀动作
      像林丹、陶菲克那样精彩的扣杀球,除了要具备绝对的技术和弹跳以外,还有一些必不可少的前提基础:
      1、出众的胸肌。因为杀球特别是他们那样的跳杀球是要把全身有限的力量全部用在杀球的瞬间,使球的速度达到及至。作为女选手,我用跳杀球很少,但是无论什么样的杀球,都要在杀球之前先要将身体后仰成弓形,然后身体的力量由腰到胸再到上肢最后作用到球上。胸作为中转站,胸肌就有着至关重要的作用,所以做为男选手,练好胸肌是最重要的前提。
      2、熟练的杀球能力。在你具备了身体的外部前提后,平时从原地到后退的杀球(包括正手和头顶)必须熟之又熟,并且落点要到位。
      3、体能练习要保持。因为他们的跳杀球是先要后退移动再起跳杀球,而后还要迅速上网,这样反复的进攻没有充沛的体能是根本做不到的。即使是原地的跳杀球也是很消耗体力的,所以体能要保持。
      4、此外弹跳能力也很重要,因为跳的高击球点抢的就高,球就有威胁
      鉴于以上,平时要做的是要多练练羽毛球的专项素质:蛙跳、高抬腿跑、前后左右跳等等。再有就是练好基本的杀球后再像他们那样发展大规模的起跳杀球。
      用球拍拍捡起球
      羽毛球落在地上时从上望往下看是个V字形状.你用球拍的一边靠上V字的一边,但不可碰到.否则球回滚动,要重新调整位置.(不过等熟练以后就可以碰到球的一侧了,因为这个时候你可以以相当快的速度把球钩起,球还没滚就被你钩起来了.)
      刚刚开始尝试的时候球拍的中心轴和地面的角度可以小一点,45度以下或更低,拍面和地面是90度。人一定要弯腰哦,电视里的运动员也都是弯腰的.
      准备动作做好了,下面是更关键的要领。(先讲正确的握拍方法。将手平放在拍弦上,然后下滑到拍柄根部抓握;或者把球拍平放在桌面上,闭上眼,将球拍拿起。)假设你是右手握拍的。这时右手让拍子旋转,就好象要把球抄起来。此时才是真正的关键。右手手腕继续让拍子旋转。因为刚刚的抄球动作让球有一个向左的运动。继续旋转球拍,让贴球着的拍面旋转到一个可以阻止球向左运动的角度。在做旋转球拍的动作的时候,只要球被你抄起来了,就要边旋转拍面阻止球向左运动,边把身体挺直了。
      分两种,一种叫侧滑,一种叫下压
      侧滑就是让羽毛球球托对着自己,然后拍子从侧面铲过去,注意,拍子大概以80~45度角竖直,用拍框带起球,然后渐渐放平。铲的同时球技术好可以不用碰到地板,室外不要用,太磨损拍子。
      下压比较难,用拍头压球毛,尾部尖端的地方,利用球自己的弹性形变跳到球拍上,或者把球压下,一直到球托向上立着,这样直接用拍框触碰球毛的侧面,球倒的时候重心向拍面,稍为控制球拍放平就可以了。
      重点就是以侧面切侧面....保持球的侧面与拍子平行,球头对着自己或前面都无所谓...练到一定程度,角度大点,不那么侧面对侧面也可以弄起来...手上发力的重点是 不要用手臂,用手腕来翻转球拍的力,把球舀上来

    10-04-09 | 添加评论 | 打赏

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