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中国共产党成立于哪一年到今年已经有多少年了

中国共产党成立于哪一年到今年已经有多少年了
09-09-20  匿名提问 发布
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    050283

    Communist Party of China was founded in July 1, 1921.



    http://www.hlsaertu.gov.cn/qw/dangshi/jiangjie.htm



    Communist Party of China was founded in July 1, 1921. Communist Party of China led the Chinese people after 28 years of arduous revolutionary struggle, in 1949 to overthrow imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalist rule, and made a national power, the establishment of the People's Republic. After the founding of the Chinese Communist Party as the ruling party, leading people of all nationalities to safeguard national independence and security, to carry out socialist construction, to a semi-feudal, semi-colonial, poor and backward old China into an initial signs of prosperity of the socialist new China.

    Since the Third Plenum of the Eleventh CPC in 1978, with Deng Xiaoping at the core of the CPC Central Committee's new leadership, fundamentally break the "leftist" mistakes of serious constraints, sum up both positive and negative experiences, emancipate the mind, seek truth from facts, made to shift the focus of the Party's work to socialist modernization of the strategic decision, which is the Chinese Communist Party since the founding of the history of the great turning point with far-reaching significance. From then on, the Chinese Communist Party leadership of people of all nationalities, taking economic construction as the center, four cardinal principles, reform and opening up has made remarkable achievements, and gradually formed a building socialism with Chinese characteristics theory, line, principles, policy, and created a new period of development of the socialist cause. Chinese Communist Party as to build China into a prosperous, democratic and civilized modern socialist country of the party. CPC congress in 1992, Deng Xiaoping's theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics to make a scientific summary and evaluation, establishing the position of the guiding theory, this theory is the Chinese Communist Party in the new period of all work fundamental guiding principle. The congress also decided to build a socialist market economic system reform objectives.

    14 in 1995, the party's adoption of the Fifth Plenary Session of China's economic and social development Ninth Five-Year Plan (1996 -2000) and the 2010 long-term goals. At present, people with Jiang Zemin at the core, under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee for the realization of the grand trans-century program efforts. Communist Party of China leads the people in the building of material civilization and strive to build a socialist spiritual civilization. Communist Party of China led the people to develop socialist democracy, improve the socialist legal system, adhere to National People's Congress system and the CPC-led multi-party cooperation and political consultation system.

    Communist Party of China Deng Xiaoping's theory of building socialism with Chinese characteristics under the guidance, leadership and unite people of all nationalities, taking economic construction as the center, four cardinal principles, reform and opening up has made remarkable achievements, successfully created a building the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

    Communist Party of China in favor of developing foreign relations, and strive for China's reform and opening up and modernization drive and winning a favorable international environment. In international affairs, Communist Party of China adheres to an independent foreign policy of peace, safeguard China's independence and sovereignty, oppose hegemony and power politics, safeguarding world peace and promoting human progress; in mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, mutual non - interference in internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence on the basis of the development of relations with countries in the world. Communist Party of China in accordance with independence, complete equality, mutual respect and mutual non-interference in internal affairs of the four principles, with the political parties in countries in the world to establish and develop friendly relations. At present, the CPC has more than 120 countries in the world more than 300 political parties in maintaining friendly ties.

    The CPC is the vanguard of the Chinese working class, is the faithful representative of the interests of the people of all ethnic groups, is the leading core of China's socialist cause. Communist Party of China takes Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought as the guiding ideology, the fundamental purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly, to democratic centralism as the organizational principles and organizational system in order to achieve the communist social system as the ultimate goal. Communist Party of China in the long revolutionary struggle, and gradually formed a theory with practice, forging close ties with the masses, criticism and self-criticism of the three fine work style.

    Communist Party of China is based on its program and Constitution, in accordance with the principle of democratic centralism, organized, integrated whole. "Communist Party of China Constitution" provides that: at least 18 year-old Chinese workers, peasants, intellectuals and other revolutionary elements, recognize the party's program and Constitution, willing to participate in the party in which an organization and work actively to implement the Party's resolutions and on schedule to pay membership dues, they can apply to join the Communist Party of China.

    The Chinese Communist Party's central organization are: (1) the party's National Congress: the party's top leadership authority, every 5 years, held by the Central Committee to convene. Its mandate is: to listen to and review of the Central Committee and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the report; discuss and decide on the party's major issues; revision of the party's constitution; the election of the Central Committee and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. (2) Central Committee: by the party's National People's Congress elected on behalf of the General Assembly during the implementation of the National Congress of the closing of the resolution, the leadership of the party's entire work, external behalf of the Chinese Communist Party, each term of 5 years. (3) of the Central Political Bureau of the Central Political Bureau Standing Committee and the Central Committee General Secretary: elected by the Central Committee plenary session, the Central Political Bureau and its Standing Committee of the Central Committee plenary session, the exercise of the Central Committee's authority. The Central Committee of the Central Political Bureau and its Standing Committee offices. Central Committee General Secretary is responsible for convening meetings of the Central Political Bureau and the Politburo Standing Committee meeting, and presided over the Central Committee's work. Of the Central Military Commission is composed by the Central Committee to decide.

    The party's local organizations are: provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, the city divided into districts, autonomous prefectures and counties (banners), autonomous county, city not divided into districts and municipal districts of the Congress, held every 5 years; from the above that all levels of the party's representatives elected by the Assembly of the Committee, each term of 5 years. Enterprises, rural areas, offices, schools, research institutes, streets, People's Liberation Army companies and other establishments, where there are officially three or more members, have set up the party's grass-roots organizations.

    There is also the Chinese Communist Party Discipline Inspection Committee, whose main task is to safeguard the Party Constitution and other laws and regulations within the party to assist the party committees to strengthen party's conduct checks Party中国共产党成立于1921年7月1日。

    http://www.hlsaertu.gov.cn/qw/dangshi/jiangjie.htm

    中国共产党成立于1921年7月1日。中国共产党领导中国人民经过28年艰苦的革命斗争,于1949年推翻了帝国主义、封建主义和官僚资本主义的统治,取得了全国政权,建立了中华人民共和国。建国后,中国共产党作为执政党,领导全国各族人民维护国家的独立和安全,开展社会主义建设,把一个半封建、半殖民地、贫穷落后的旧中国改变成为一个初步繁荣富强的社会主义新中国。
    1978年中共十一届三中全会以来,以邓小平为核心的中共中央新的领导集体,从根本上冲破了"左"倾错误的严重束缚,总结正反两方面的经验,解放思想,实事求是,作出了把党的工作重点转移到社会主义现代化建设上来的战略决策,这是建国以来中国共产党历史上具有深远意义的伟大转折。从此,中国共产党领导全国各族人民,以经济建设为中心,坚持四项基本原则,坚持改革开放,取得了举世瞩目的成就,并逐步形成了建设有中国特色社会主义的理论和路线、方针、政策,开创了社会主义事业发展的新时期。中国共产党为把中国建设成为富强、民主、文明的社会主义现代化国家而奋斗。1992年中共十四大,对邓小平建设有中国特色社会主义理论作出了科学的概括和评价,确立了这一理论在全党的指导地位,这一理论是中国共产党在新时期的各项工作的根本指导方针。这次代表大会还确定了建立社会主义市场经济体制的改革目标。
    1995年党的十四届五中全会通过了中国国民经济和社会发展第九个五年计划(1996年-2000年)和2010年远景目标的建议。目前,全国人民在以江泽民总书记为核心的党中央领导下,为实现跨世纪的宏伟纲领而努力。中国共产党领导人民在建设物质文明的同时,努力建设社会主义精神文明。中国共产党领导人民发展社会主义民主,健全社会主义法制,坚持全国人民代表大会制度、共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度。
    中国共产党在邓小平建设有中国特色社会主义理论的指导下,领导和团结全国各族人民,以经济建设为中心,坚持四项基本原则,坚持改革开放,取得了举世瞩目的成就,成功地开创了建设有中国特色社会主义的道路。
    中国共产党主张积极发展对外关系,努力为中国的改革开放和现代化建设争取有利的国际环境。在国际事务中,中国共产党坚持独立自主的和平外交政策,维护中国的独立和主权,反对霸权主义和强权政治,维护世界和平,促进人类进步;在互相尊重主权和领土完整、互不侵犯、互不干涉内政、平等互利、和平共处五项原则基础上,发展同世界各国的关系。中国共产党按照独立自主、完全平等、互相尊重、互不干涉内部事务四项原则,同世界各国政党建立和发展友好关系。目前,中国共产党已同世界120多个国家的300多个政党保持着友好联系。
    中国共产党是中国工人阶级的先锋队,是中国各族人民利益的忠实代表,是中国社会主义事业的领导核心。中国共产党以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想作为指导思想,以全心全意为人民服务为根本宗旨,以民主集中制为组织原则和组织制度,以实现共产主义的社会制度为最终目标。中国共产党在长期的革命斗争中,逐步形成了理论联系实际、密切联系群众、批评与自我批评的三大优良作风。
    中国共产党是根据自己的纲领和章程,按照民主集中制的原则组织起来的统一整体。《中国共产党章程》规定:年满18岁的中国工人、农民、知识分子和其他革命分子,承认党的纲领和章程,愿意参加党的一个组织并在其中积极工作、执行党的决议和按期交纳党费的,可以申请加入中国共产党。
    中国共产党的中央组织有:(1)党的全国代表大会:全党的最高领导权力机关,每5年举行一次,由中央委员会负责召集。其职权是:听取和审查中央委员会及中央纪律检查委员会的报告;讨论并决定党的重大问题;修改党的章程;选举中央委员会及中央纪律检查委员会。(2)中央委员会:由党的全国代表大会选举产生,在代表大会闭幕期间执行全国代表大会的决议,领导党的全部工作,对外代表中国共产党,每届任期5年。(3)中央政治局、中央政治局常务委员会和中央委员会总书记:由中央委员会全体会议选举产生,中央政治局和它的常务委员会在中央委员会全体会议闭会期间,行使中央委员会的职权。中央书记处是中央政治局及其常务委员会的办事机构。中央委员会总书记负责召集中央政治局会议和政治局常委会会议,并主持中央书记处的工作。中央军事委员会组成人员由中央委员会决定。
    党的地方组织有:省、自治区、直辖市、设区的市、自治州,以及县(旗)、自治县、不设区的市和市辖区的代表大会,每5年举行一次;由上述各级党的代表大会选举的委员会,每届任期5年。企业、农村、机关、学校、科研院所、街道、人民解放军连队和其他基层单位,凡有正式党员3人以上的,都成立党的基层组织。
    中国共产党内还设有纪律检查委员会,其主要任务是维护党的章程和其他党内法规,协助党委加强党风建设,检查党的路线、方针、政策和决议的执行情况。党的中央纪委在党中央领导下工作;党的地方各级纪委和基层纪委在同级党委和上级纪委双重领导下工作。各级纪委每届任期和同级党委相同。

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